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Sunday, March 26, 2017

The Collection for the Propagation and Clarification of Buddhism, Vol. II

Author and Compiler:
Shi Sengyou 釋僧祐 (445–518)

Translator:
Harumi Hirano Ziegler

Publish Year: 
2017

Publisher: 
BDK America



Abstract:

The Collection for the Propagation and Clarification of Buddhism (Hongming ji 弘明集) is widely known as an invaluable source to examine the early development of Chinese Buddhism and how this foreign religion was accepted and adopted in Chinese society. A notable aspect of this work is that Buddhist tenets are explained using Confucian and Daoist terminology. While the Collection is a Buddhist work from chiefly the fourth and fifth centuries, it also serves well as a primary source for studies of contemporary Daoism.

Table of Contents:

A Message on the Publication of the English Tripiṭaka  NUMATA Yehan
Foreword   MAYEDA Sengaku
Publisher’s Foreword     A. Charles Muller
Translator’s Introduction   Harumi Hirano Ziegler

Fascicle Eight

Fascicle Nine

Fascicle Ten

Fascicle Eleven

Fascicle Twelve
     
Fascicle Thirteen

Fascicle Fourteen

For more information please see http://www.bdkamerica.org/book/collection-propagation-and-clarification-buddhism-vol-ii

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

Women in Imperial China

Author:
Bret Hinsch

Publisher:
Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield

Publication Year:
2016



Abstract:
This accessible text provides a comprehensive survey of women’s history in China from the Neolithic period through the end of the Qing dynasty in the early twentieth century. Rather than providing an exhaustive chronicle of this vast subject, Bret Hinsch pinpoints the themes that characterized distinct periods in Chinese women’s history and delves into the perception of female identity in each era. Moving beyond the traditional focus on the late imperial era, Hinsch explores how gender relations have developed and changed since ancient times. His chronological look at the most important female roles in every major dynasty showcases not only the constraints women faced but also their vast accomplishments throughout the millennia. Hinsch’s extensive use of Chinese-language scholarship lends his book a fresh perspective rare among Western scholars. Professors and students will find this an invaluable textbook for Chinese women’s studies and an excellent supplement for courses in gender studies and Chinese history.

Table of Contents:
Major Chinese Dynasties
Preface
Chapter 1: Ancient Beginnings: Prehistory, Shang, and Zhou Dynasties
Chapter 2: Womanhood under Empire: Qin and Han Dynasties
Chapter 3: Order Out of Chaos: The Early Medieval Era
Chapter 4: An Era of Effervescence: Tang Dynasty
Chapter 5: The Great Transition: Song Dynasty
Chapter 6: Explorations and Restraints: Ming Dynasty
Chapter 7: Pondering Possibilities: Qing Dynasty
Conclusion
Glossary
Bibliography
Index

Friday, March 17, 2017

[Dissertation] Divorce and the Divorced Woman in Early Medieval China (First through Sixth Century)

Author:
Tang Qiaomei

School:
Harvard University

Year:
2016

Abstract:

This dissertation consists of two parts: a cultural study of divorce in early medieval China and a literary study of the divorced woman as represented in various early medieval Chinese writings, including literary and historical writings, legal, ritual and medical texts, and tomb epitaphs. 

A comparison between the rites, norms and regulations prescribed for women in ritual classics, and women’s lived experiences as recounted in historical writings, shows a greater discrepancy between norm and practice in the early medieval period than in later periods. Normative prescriptions were generally not followed by women of this period, and women enjoyed a more relaxed social and familial environment than their late imperial counterparts. The gap between norm and practice was extended into many areas of familial and social life, including marriage and divorce. An examination of actual divorce cases reveals that neither the Seven Conditions (qichu 七出) nor the Three Prohibitions (sanbuqu 三不去) were strictly adhered to when divorce took place. Divorce happened to people from all levels of society, and could be initiated by both men and women for reasons outside of the Seven Conditions and the Three Prohibitions. Divorce was not regarded as a social taboo in early medieval China.

The unstable social and political environment that characterizes the early medieval period gave rise to some ritual deviations and anomalies, among which was the two-principal-wives (liangdi 兩嫡) phenomenon. Debates and discussions on this marital predicament anchored on the issue of divorce, that is, how should the martial status of the two wives be defined? A thorny
case of a sixth-century liangdi dilemma reveals that during the long divide between north and south, the contestation between wives for the principal wife status mirrored the contention for cultural supremacy and political legitimacy between northern and southern elite.

Generally speaking, divorced women were not stigmatized in early medieval China, and remarriage was an acceptable recourse for them. Historians appeared to be indifferent to her plight, and tended to write of the divorced woman only to help tell the story of the man who divorced her. In contrast, in poetic writings, the divorced woman was not viewed only in relation
to her ex-husband. She was instead a disconnected, isolated figure, and her emotions took center stage. This comparison reveals that the image of the divorced woman in early medieval China reflects both the mindset of the men who formulate her in writing, as well as the constraints imposed by each writing genre.

Tuesday, March 14, 2017

Material Culture, Power, and Identity in Ancient China

Author:
Xiaolong Wu

Publisher: 
Cambridge University Press

Publication Date:
April 30, 2017



Abstract:

In this book, Xiaolong Wu offers a comprehensive and in-depth study of the Zhongshan state during China's Warring States Period (476–221 BCE). Analyzing artefacts, inscriptions, and grandiose funerary structures within a broad archaeological context, he illuminates the connections between power and identity, and the role of material culture in asserting and communicating both. The author brings an interdisciplinary approach to this study. He combines and cross-examines all available categories of evidence, including archaeological, textual, art historical, and epigraphical, enabling innovative interpretations and conclusions that challenge conventional views regarding Zhongshan and ethnicity in ancient China. Wu reveals the complex relationship between material culture, cultural identity, and statecraft intended by the royal patrons. He demonstrates that the Zhongshan king Cuo 嚳 constructed a hybrid cultural identity, consolidated his power, and aimed to maintain political order at court after his death through the buildings, sculpture, and inscriptions that he commissioned.

Table of Contents:

List of figures
List of maps
List of tables
Acknowledgements
Introduction
1. Historical setting and approaches to the study of an ancient state in Warring 
    States China
2. Life, death, and identity in Zhongshan: sorting out the archaeological 
    evidence
3. Royal mortuary practice and artifacts: hybridity, identity, and power
4. Inter-state politics and artistic innovation during the reign of King Cuo 嚳
5. Statecraft and Zhongshan bronze inscriptions
6. Funerary architecture, kingly power, and court politics
Conclusion
Appendixes
Bibliography
Index.

Sunday, March 12, 2017

東部ユーラシアのソグド人:ソグド人漢文墓誌の研究

Author: 
福島 恵 (FUKUSHIMA Megumi)

Publisher: 
汲古書院

Publication Date:
February, 2017



Table of Contents:

序 文

 第一部 墓誌から見たソグド人

第一章 ソグド姓墓誌の基礎的考察
 一、ソグド姓            
 二、ソグド姓墓誌の分類
 三、ソグド姓とソグド人墓誌     
 四、世系の虚偽

第二章 ソグド人墓誌の時代層
 一、ソグド姓墓誌の収集と分析    
 二、ソグド人墓誌数の変化
 三、ソグド人墓誌記載内容の変化    
 四、ソグド人墓誌の時代性

 第二部 植民聚落のソグド人

第一章 長安・洛陽のソグド人
 一、ソグド人聚落         
 二、北周時代の長安におけるソグド人
 三、唐代の長安と洛陽のソグド人
 四、洛陽景教徒の石刻史料〔「洛陽景教経幢」・「花献墓誌」・「花献妻安氏墓誌」の出現〕
 
第二章 武威安氏「安元寿墓誌」(唐・光宅元年(六八四))
 一、「安元寿墓誌」訳注        
 二、考 察
 
第三章 唐の中央アジア進出とソグド系武人―「史多墓誌」を中心に―
 一、「史多墓誌」訳注
 二、史多一族の中華王朝への帰属について

第四章 青海シルクロードのソグド人―「康令惲墓誌」に見る鄯州西平の康氏一族―
 一、康令惲墓誌    
 二、康氏一族と吐蕃   
 三、康令惲と范陽

 第三部 東西交流中のソグド人
 
第一章 罽賓李氏一族攷―シルクロードのバクトリア商人―
 一、史料の解読            
 二、罽賓李氏一族
 三、罽賓について           
 四、バクトリア人とソグド人との商業活動
 
第二章 唐代における景教徒墓誌―新出「花献墓誌」を中心に―
 一、唐における景教          
 二、景教徒墓誌
 三、「花献墓誌」と「花献妻安氏墓誌」 
 四、洛陽における景教界
 おわりに 花献の出自について
 
第三章 東アジアの海を渡る唐代のソグド人 
 一、東アジア交易圏とソグド人     
 二、唐代におけるソグド人節度使    
 三、康志睦と天長五年太政官符
 
結 語

初出一覧/史料版本目録/石刻資料目録/参考文献目録/あとがき/英文目次/中文目次/索引