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Wednesday, March 27, 2013

Cahiers d'Extrême-Asie 20 (2011): Buddhism, Daoism, and Chinese Religion

Editors:
Stephen F. Teiser & Franciscus Verellen



Table of Contents:

Stephen F. Teiser & Franciscus Verellen
To Our Readers / À nos lecteurs   ii

Urs App, Alain Arrault, Catherine Despeux, Tiziana Lippello
In Memoriam: Monica Esposito (1262-2011)    vii

Stephen F. Teiser & Franciscus Verellen
Buddhism, Daoism, and Chinese Religion   1

I Thought and Practice
FUNAYAMA Tōru 船山徹, Kyoto University
Buddhist Theories of Bodhisattva Practice as Adopted by Taoists   15

II Ritual
LÜ Pengzhi 呂鵬志, Sichuan University
The Lingbao Fast of the Three Primes and the Daoist Ritual of the Middle Prime:
A Critical Study of the Taishang dongxuan lingbao sanyuan pinjie jing   35

LAI Chi-tim 黎志添, Chinese University of Hong Kong
The Daoist Identity of the Yellow Register Retreat in the Southern Song: A Case
Study of Jin Yunzhong’s Great Rites of Lingbao   63

Stephen Bokenkamp, Arizona State University
The Early Lingbao Scriptures and the Origins of Daoist Monasticism   95

III Spells and Talismans
Eugene Wang, Harvard University
Ritual Practice without Its Practitioner?
-- Early Eleventh Century Dhaara.nii Prints in the Ruiguangsi Pagoda   127

YU Xin 余欣, Fudan University
Buddhism, Daoism and Astrology in a Medieval Chinese Talisman   163

Paul Copp, University of Chicago
Manuscript Culture as Ritual Culture in Late Medieval Dunhuang: Talisman Seals
and Ritual Handbooks   193

IV Local Religion and Popular Cults
Vincent Goossaert, Centre national pour recherche scientifique
The Daoist and Buddhist Constructions of Local Religion in Late Imperial
Jiangnan   229

Rapports de recherche / Research ReportsKUO Liying, EFEO
Rencontres franco-chinoises sur les études de Dunhuang : actualité de la
recherche et publications récentes   247

Comptes rendus / Book ReviewsJacqueline Stone
Hanano Juudoo, Tendai hongaku shisoo to Nichiren kyoogaku   259

Ochiai Toshinori
Miyai Rika & Motoi Makiko, Konzoo-ron: honbun to kenkyuu   269

Dominic Steavu
Catherine Despeux, éd., Médecine, religion et société dans la Chine
médiévale.
Étude de manuscrits chinois de Dunhuang et de Turfan   279

Luca Gabbiani
Shuk-Wah Poon, Negociating Religion in Modern China:
State and Common People in Guangzhou, 1900-1937   287

Saturday, March 23, 2013

Shizi: China’s First Syncretist 尸子

作者 Author:
Paul Fischer

出版社 Publisher:
Columbia University Press

出版年 Publication Year:
2012

內容簡介 Abstract:

By blending multiple strands of thought into one ideology, Chinese Syncretists of the pre-imperial period created an essential guide to contemporary ideas about self, society, and government. Merging traditions such as Ruism, Mohism, Daoism, Legalism, and Yin-Yang naturalism into their work, Syncretists created an integrated intellectual approach that contrasts with other, more specific philosophies. Presenting the first full English translation of the earliest example of a Syncretist text, this volume introduces Western scholars to both the brilliance of the syncretic method and a critical work of Chinese leadership.

Written by Shi Jiao, China’s first syncretic thinker, during the Warring States Period of 481 to 221 BCE, Shizi is similar to Machiavelli’s The Prince in that it dispenses wisdom to would-be rulers. It stresses the need for leaders to be detached and objective. It further encourages self-cultivation and effective government, recommending that rulers maintain self-discipline, hire reliable people, delegate power transparently, and promote others in an orderly fashion. The people, it is argued, will emulate their leader’s wisdom and virtue, and a just and peaceful state will result. Paul Fischer provides an extensive introduction and a chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis of the text—outlining the importance of syncretism in Chinese culture—and explores the text’s particular features, authorship, transmission, loss, and reconstruction over time. The Shizi set the stage for a long history of syncretic endeavor in China, and its study provides insight into the vital traditions of early Chinese philosophy. It is also a template for interpreting other well-known works, such as the Confucian Analects, the Daoist Laozi, the Mohist Mozi, and the Legalist Shang jun shu.


Friday, March 15, 2013

Declarations of the Perfected 《真誥》全譯本

Part One: Setting Scripts and Images into Motion

作者 Author:
Thomas E. Smith

出版年 Publication Year:
April, 2013

出版社 Publisher:
Three Pines Press

內容簡介 Abstract:
Declarations of the Perfected is the first complete, annotated translation of the Zhen’gao, Tao Hongjing’s (456-536) masterful compilation of the Shangqing or Higher Clarity revelations, setting the stage for the heyday of medieval Daoism.

This volume presents its first part (fasc. 1-4), centering around the practice of achieving “spiritual union,” a spiritual analogue to sexual intercourse, with Perfected partners. The book is the first to examine in depth the full process of this practice—from preliminary courtship to the mechanics of the act of spiritual union, the gestation of the Perfected embryo in the body of the adept, and finally the adept’s rebirth.



Tuesday, March 12, 2013

秦帝国の領土経営: 雲夢龍崗秦簡と始皇帝の禁苑

Author:
馬彪

Abstract:
始皇帝は、秦帝国を統一後死去するまでの10年間に5回もの巡幸を行った。いわば統一後の生涯の全てを征服地への旅にあて、自ら権威を示したのであるが、その際拠点にしたのが禁苑(皇帝の庭園)である。旧来祭祀の場と解釈された禁苑が、帝国支配の出先であったこと、そしてその支配の実態を最新の出土竹簡研究によって明らかにする。

Table of Contents:


第1章 研究の課題と方法

第2章 研究史上における問題
第3章 龍崗秦簡が出土した楚王城
第4章 龍崗秦簡に見る禁苑の構造と皇帝の巡幸道
第5章 龍崗秦簡における「闌入」律令の考察
第6章 龍崗秦簡における入禁と通関の符伝制
第7章 龍崗秦簡の律名復元と文字の特徴
第8章 龍崗秦簡による周秦帝国原理への新思考―古代農‐牧境界文明の優位性 

Thursday, March 7, 2013

[Dissertation] The History of a Historian: Perspectives on the Authorial Roles of Sima Qian 司馬遷

Author:
Esther Sunkyung Klein

Year:
2010

Primary advisor:
Martin Kern

School:
Princeton University

Abstract:
In the first century BCE, Sima Qian compiled the Shiji, a history of China from mythological beginnings to his own day. Soon after, readers of the Shiji began producing both continuations and extensive comments. This dissertation examines the changing ways in which pre-modern Chinese readers understood authorship through an analysis of their perspectives on Sima Qian. I argue that we cannot know the “real” Sima Qian: the tragic authorial figure of Sima Qian is a construction by later readers. I trace the development of this authorial construction from the Han through Song dynasties, examining readers' comments within their historical contexts. The dissertation has three parts. The first outlines Sima Qian's fortunes in the textual world of traditional China, exploring how his authorial role was seen in relation to the Classics and to historical texts (in chapter 1), as well as to literary theory and composition (in chapter 2). Chapter 3 discusses formal aspects of the Shiji and how they were considered an aspect of Sima Qian's creative authorship.

The second part juxtaposes two competing interpretations of the Shiji. Chapters 4 and 5 analyze how Sima Qian's personal tragedy was thought to relate to his work on the Shiji. Initially such motivations were viewed in a primarily negative light. It was not until the Song that the autobiographical connection came to be valorized. In chapter 6, I consider an alternative position, that the Shiji was a “true record” and how the meaning of that term changed over time. I show how this aspect of Shiji interpretation reflected and influenced traditional Chinese attitudes toward history.

The third part explores textual issues. In chapter 7, I consider three problems related to Shiji authorship that go beyond Sima Qian: the question of Sima Tan, the work of Chu Shaosun, and the idea of a damaged Shiji text. In chapter 8, I discuss issues related to the authenticity of the “Letter in Reply to Ren An,” which is often read as Sima Qian's finest autobiographical statement and a crucial interpretive key to the Shiji.

Tuesday, March 5, 2013

Working for His Majesty: Research Notes on Labor Mobilization in Late Shang China (ca/ 1200-1045 B.C.), as Seen in the Oracle-Bone Inscriptions, with Particular Attention to Handicraft Industries, Agriculture, Warfare, Hunting, Construction, and the Shang's Legacies

Author:
Keightley, David N.

Publisher:

University of California, Berkeley

Publication Year:

2012



Table of Content:

Preface — xi

Notes about the Sources, Citation, and Transcription Conventions — xvii

1. Introduction: The Setting — 1


2. The Work and the Workshops — 9

Bone Working: 9
Stone and Jade Working: 13
Pottery: 15
Textiles: 16
Wood Working: 17
Bronze Casting: 19
Cowries: Bone and Bronze: 26
The Emergence of Writing: 27
The Workshops: 28
The Products: 30

3. The Artisan Corps — 33

The Status of the Artisans: 33
The Duo Gong 多工: 34
"The Many Strikers": 40
Summary: 44
The Dependent Laborers of Shang: 46
A Note on Population: 48

4. The Zhong 眾 and the Ren 人 — 50

The Status of the Workers: Slave, Free, or Dependent: 53
The Differences Between the Zhong 眾 and the Ren 人: 58

5. Punishments, Human Sacrifice, and Accompanying-in-Death — 63

Possible Punishments: 63
The Qiang 羌 and Duo Qiang 多羌: A Sample Case: 66
Human Sacrifice and Accompanying-in-Death: 69

6. Labor Mobilization — 78

The Verbs for "Mobilize": 78
The Verbs for "Making an Offering": 81

7. Who Was Mobilized — 86


8. The Occupational Lineages — 92


9. Numbers — 97

Accuracy of the Figures: 99
Casualties among the Zhong 眾: 101
Casualties among the Ren 人: 104

10. Work Schedule of the Diviners — 106

Discussion: 116

11. Leadership — 119


12. The Work: Agriculture — 124

The Agricultural Context: 125
Late Shang Agriculture: 126
The Powers and the Weather: 129
Agricultural Tools: 131
The Yi 邑 and Tian 田: 132
The Peasantry and the Population: 135
Dynastic Agriculture: 136
The Ritual Dimension: 152
Opening Up New Land: 161
The Use of Fire: 166
Irrigation: 168
Conclusions: 173

13. The Work: Warfare — 174

Leadershp in Warfare: 174
Army Organization: 179
Penetration: 184
Horse-chariot Units and the Shang Army: 187
Shang Weapons: 189
Shang Military History: 190

14. The Work: Hunting — 194


15. The Work: Construction — 200

Wall Construction: 200
Rammed-Earth Construction: 203
Settlements and Buildings: 204
Temples and Other Buildings: 205
Drainage: 208
Royal and Other Tombs: 210

16. Some Elements of Ritual Concern — 214


17. The Role of Geopolitics and Culture — 220

Ancestor Worship: 220
Other Demands for Work: 226
The Role of Writing: 230
The Creation of the Ancestors: 232

18. The Legacies — 236


Figure — 224


Tables — 246


Appendix 1: Inscription Glosses — 250


Appendix 2: Glossary of Shang Terms and Phrases — 275


Bibliography A: Abbreviations for the Oracle-Bone Collections and Other Reference Works — 368


Bibliography B: Other Works Cited — 373


Key to the Inscriptions Translated — 483


Index — 488