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Saturday, August 30, 2014

China and Beyond in the Mediaeval Period: Cultural Crossings and Inter-Regional Connections  中世紀中國及其周邊:文化跨越與區際聯繫

Editors: 
Dorothy C. Wong and Gustav Heldt

Publication Year: 

2014

Publisher: 

Cambria Press

Abstract:

This volume examines China’s contacts with neighboring cultures in Central, South, Southeast, and Northeast Asia, as well as contacts among those cultures from the beginning of the Common Era to the tenth century and beyond. During this period, transregional and crosscultural exchanges were fostered by both peaceful and aggressive activities and movements of peoples across Eurasia along land and maritime routes. Such movements played an important role in world history in the medieval period, and yet many aspects of cultural exchanges across Eurasia remain understudied. The lack of knowledge is particularly evident in treatments of Chinese history between the Han and Tang empires. Examining relations with neighboring cultures during this period calls into question notions of China as a monolithic cultural entity.

During the period covered in this volume, cultural contacts and exchanges were fostered by both peaceful and aggressive activities and movements of peoples along land and maritime routes of the so-called Silk Road. From the earliest recorded times, the Silk Road was a channel for the transmission of ideas, technologies, and artistic forms and styles across Eurasia, with far-reaching impact from the Pacific to the Atlantic.

Despite the centrality of exchange and hybridization to the history of medieval East Asia, many aspects of its connections beyond China cultures and history remain understudied. Similar, there is a lack of comprehensive knowledge of the period between the Han and Tang empires in Chinese history. In examining China’s relations with neighboring cultures during this period in particular, this book does not begin with the usual monolithic and stereotypical notion of China being an enduring and coherent cultural entity. Rather, through the close analysis presented in each chapter, this study expands the scope of inquiry to examine the mechanisms and contents of cultural exchanges, and the fertile byproducts of these exchanges.

Perhaps one of the most notable mediaeval phenomena that created shared cultural spheres across linguistic and political boundaries was the transmission of such religious faiths as Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Zoroastrianism, Manichaenism and Nestorianism. Buddhism’s spread eastward from India to finally become a religion adopted in all of Asia had an especially significant impact on many countries. In this sense, the Eurasian interactions can be considered common to a medieval world interwoven by religion.

The twenty-one chapters reveal transmissions, transgressions, syntheses, accommodations, and transformations that occurred when peoples and cultures came into contact with one another. They explore the motivations for the movements of peoples and goods—trade, war, diplomacy, acquisition of culture and knowledge (and sometimes of talent), and evangelical Buddhism. They also analyze the impacts of these exchanges through study of the artefacts, concepts, technologies, and practices associated with these interactions from a multidisciplinary perspective.

The focused study of the individual authors, each from her or his disciplinary training (art history, cultural studies, history, literary studies, religious studies, history of science, etc.), sheds light on the crossing of boundaries of geographic, cultural, linguistic, and sometimes temporal distance. Whether it is Tang China, Yamato Japan, Viking Sweden, or Zoroastrian Central Asia, however, each chapter highlights the prominent place of cultural crossings as both inter-regional movements and the fertile products they produced.

Given that the expertise from a breadth of disciplines, this unique interdisciplinary book will enjoy an equally broad readership of students, teachers, and researchers engaged in comparative approaches to the history and culture of Medieaval Eurasia at large.

Table of Contents:

Foreword (Victor H. Mair)

Acknowledgements

Abbreviations

Conventions

Introduction: Cultural Crossings (Dorothy C. Wong and Gustav Heldt)

Part I. Networks of Exchange

Chapter 1: Crossing a Boundary: Where, When, How (Lewis Lancaster)

Chapter 2: Buddhism and the Maritime Crossings (Tansen Sen)

Chapter 3: An Agent of Cultural Transmission: Jianzhen’s Travels to Japan, 743–763 (Dorothy C. Wong)

Chapter 4: Dimensions of Endtime at Baoshan (Wendi L. Adamek)

Part II. Silk Road Crossings

Chapter 5: The Sogdian Experience in China: Sinicization or Accommodation? (Albert E. Dien)

Chapter 6: Chinese Filial Cannibalism: A Silk Road Import? (Keith N. Knapp)

Chapter 7: Images of Sun and Moon Gods in Dunhuang Murals between the Sixth and Tenth Centuries (Yuanlin Zhang)

Chapter 8: Islamic Silver for Carolingian Reforms and the Buddha-Image of Helgo: Rethinking Carolingian Connections with the East, 790–820 (Eric Ramírez-Weaver)

Chapter 9: From Hellenistic Scientific Device to Islamic Astrolabe: Transmission of a Non-Chinese Scientific Instrument in Late Mediaeval China (Kam-Wing Fung)

Part III. Textual Centres and Peripheries in China and Beyond

Chapter 10: Our Woman in Central Asia: Women Diplomats of the Han Court (Anne Behnke Kinney)

Chapter 11: Ominous Dress:Hufu (“Barbarian Clothing”) during the Tang Dynasty (618–907) (Suzanne Cahill)

Chapter 12: The Mother of Laozi and the Female Emperor Wu Zhao: From One Grand Dowager to Another (Norman Harry Rothschild)

Chapter 13: Tracking the Wa-Kan Dialectic at Nara (Joan R. Piggott)

Chapter 14: Literary Diplomacy in Early Nara: Prince Nagaya and the Verses for Envoys from Silla in Kaifuso (H. Mack Horton)

Chapter 15: Abe no Nakamaro at the End of the Silk Road (Gustav Heldt)

Part IV. Buddhist Art and Iconography

Chapter 16: Interstices of Compassion: The Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara in China and South and Southeast Asia, 5th–10th Century (Denise Patry Leidy)

Chapter 17: Avalokitesvara Images at Candi Borobudur (Takashi Koezuka)

Chapter 18: Saved by the Bell: The Six Kannon and Bonsho (Sherry Fowler)

Chapter 19: Dharani Pillars in China: Functions and Symbols (Liying Kuo)

Chapter 20: Notes on the Jewel Casket Sutra in Japan (Skt. Ratnakarandamudra sutra, J. Hokyoin kyo) (John M. Rosenfield)

Chapter 21: Concerning the Role and Iconography of the Astral Deity Sudrsti (Miaojian ) in Esoteric Buddhism (Henrik H. Sorensen)

Epilogue: The Silk Road as Real Space (David Summers)

About the Contributors

References

Index


Tuesday, August 19, 2014

制度与权力-第八届中国中古史青年学者国际会议 (The Eighth Early Medieval China Young Scholars Conference



制度与权力

——第八届中国中古史青年学者国际会议

主办:中国人民大学历史学院
协办:北京大学中国古代史研究中心
时间:2014823日~24
地点:中国人民大学国学馆228



823
会议内容
主持人
08:30~08:50
开幕式
致辞:黄兴涛(中国人民大学历史学院院长)
刘后滨(中国人民大学历史学院教授)
08:50~10:15

l  西汉推恩令再考
发表:楯身智志(早稻田大学文学学术院非常勤讲师
评议:胡川安(加拿大Mcgill大学东亚系博士候选人)
l  荆州松柏汉墓简牍所见“显陵”考
发表:马孟龙(复旦大学历史系讲师)
评议:金垌吾(首尔大学东洋史学系博士研究生)
安部聡一郎(金泽大学历史言语文化学系人文学类准教授)
10:15~11:50

l  北魏墓志铭的出现
发表:梶山智史(明治大学文学部助教)
评议:梁镇诚(延世大学史学系博士研究生)
l  关于前期北魏国家民众支配的基础性考察
发表:岡田和一郎(佛教大学非常勤讲师)
评议:王万(东吴大学历史学系兼任助理教授)

许凯翔(〔新竹〕清华大学历史研究所博士候选人)

  餐·午 

13:30~15:30

l  唐后期经济重案的出现和刑罚体系的变化
发表:金珍(成均系博士研究生)
评议:小尾孝夫(大手前大学总合文化学部准教授)
l  唐宋间“子司”词义转换与中古行政体制转型
发表:张雨(北京联合大学应用文理学院历史文博系讲师)
评议:黄玫茵(东吴大学历史学系兼任助理教授)
l  从“籍帐”到“帐簿”——《天圣令》所见唐宋间户口赋役管理文书形态的演进
发表:周曲洋(中国人民大学历史学院博士研究生)
评议:林昌丈(武汉大学历史学院博士后)


赵璐璐(中央党校文史部历史教研室讲师)
15:30~15:50
茶 歇

15:50~17:50

l  先秦至六朝信仰世界研究——以人名与鬼神之名为考察中心
发表:黄文仪(加拿大Mcgill大学历史系博士候选人)
评议: 三田辰彦(南京大学历史系高级进修生)
l  晋宋之际的皇权与僧权——以“沙门不敬王者论”为中心
发表:陈志远(北京大学哲学系博士后)
评议:刘永中(〔新竹〕清华大学历史研究所博士研究生)
l  唐代儒者与地方神祠
发表:吴南森(Nathan Woolley 澳大利亚国立大学博士后研究员)
评议:许凯翔(清华大学历史研究所博士候选人)


孙闻博(中国人民大学国学院讲师)

 



824
会议内容
主持人
09:00~10:25

l  中国古代国家礼仪的基本构造——以东晋南朝为中心的观察
发表:户川貴行(日本学术振兴会特别研究员)
评议:王静(中国人民大学历史学院副教授)
l  头饰背后的政治史:从“武家诸王样”到“五代僭越样”
发表:吕博(武汉大学考古系博士后)
评议:会田大輔(日本学术振兴会特別研究员)

孙正军(首都师范大学历史学院讲师)
10:25~12:30

l  东汉至西晋时的幽州——乌桓的发展与变迁
发表:蔡长廷(政治大学民族学系博士研究生)
评议:永田拓治(阪南大学国际コミュニケーション学部准教授)
l  唐代高句丽、百济蕃将的特征——以任用背景与武官号为中心
发表:基天(首尔大学东洋史学系博士研究生、助敎)
评议:徐畅(北京师范大学历史学院博士后)
l  唐朝和吐谷浑的和蕃公主
发表:藤野月子(九州大学专门研究员)
评议:仇鹿鸣(复旦大学汉唐文献工作室副研究员)


王万雋(东吴大学历史学系兼任助理教授)

  餐·午 

13:30~14:50
l  《隋书·铁勒传》的书写及其延续与断裂
发表:林慧芬(台湾大学历史学系博士研究生)
评议:安部聡一郎(金泽大学历史言语文化学系人文学类准教授)
l  唐代马政与传驿的交通运输命脉——以西北为重心的考察
发表:古怡青(淡江大学历史学系助理教授)
评议:李芳瑶(首都师范大学历史学院博士后)
小尾孝夫(大手前大学总合文化学部准教授)
14:50~16:10

l  大道多歧:谈《左传》“华元羊斟”汉晋四家注的多元诠释意义
发表:韦建心(Pauli Wai Tashima 北卡大学绿堡分校外语文学文化系中文组助理教授)
评议:童岭(南京大学文学院副教授)
l  杜佑理想社会之建构——以《通典·食货典》为中心
发表:杨晓宜(台湾大学历史学系博士研究生)
评议:赵璐璐(中央党校文史部历史教研室讲师)

陈侃理(北京大学中国古代史研究中心研究员)
16:10~16:30
茶歇

16:30~18:30
l  综合讨论:制度与权力
发言人:津田资久(国士馆大学文学部准教授)
蔡宗宪(中兴大学历史学系助理教授)
郑勉(汉阳大学校比较历史文化硏究所HK硏究助敎授)
叶炜(北京大学历史系副教授)
孟宪实(中国人民大学国学院教授)
沈睿文(北京大学考古文博学院教授)
会议总结:刘后滨(中国人民大学历史学院教授)

游自勇(首都师范大学历史学院副教授)