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Tuesday, March 31, 2015

史記秦漢史の研究

Author:
藤田勝久

Publication Year:
2015

Publisher:
汲古書院

Table of Contents:
はしがき
序 章 簡牘・帛書の発見と『史記』研究
一 『史記』注釈と出典研究
二 『史記』の素材と出土資料
〔『史記』の年代学と出土資料/記事資料と出土書籍/秦漢資料と『史記』の取材〕
三 漢太史令と出土資料〔黄老思想、天文の資料/史に関する規定〕
四 『史記』成立の諸問題〔古伝説・説話と公羊学/『史記』『漢書』の編集〕

第一章 司馬遷と《太史公書》の成立
一 司馬談の遺言をめぐって         
二 漢太史令の役割
三 武帝の時代―封禅と太初改暦       
四 《太史公書》の成立

第二章 司馬遷の旅行と取材
一 二十歳の旅行について―司馬遷の生年   
二 司馬遷の旅行と見聞
三 帝王の遺跡と諸民族―年代観と世界観   
四 屈原・賈誼の人物評価

附篇一 『史記』陳渉世家のフィールド調査
一 『史記』陳渉世家の歴史叙述  
二 陳楚故城と楚王墓、楚墓  
三 陳渉の郷里・陽城古城

附篇二 『史記』の編集と漢代伝承
一 『史記』にみえる漢代の伝承  
二 「鴻門の会」の伝承―樊噲列伝  
三 『楚漢春秋』と漢代伝承―項羽本紀

第三章 『史記』秦始皇本紀の歴史叙述
第一節 始皇帝と秦帝国の興亡
一 始皇帝の統一をめぐって―本紀(一)   
二 始皇帝の統一事業と巡行―本紀(二)
三 『史記』秦始皇本紀の歴史観―本紀(三)
第二節 始皇帝と諸公子について
一 始皇帝の夫人と扶蘇―婚姻と外交政策   
二 二世皇帝と諸公子の出自について
三 秦帝国の政権構造と諸国

第四章 『史記』と里耶秦簡―秦帝国の地方社会
一 洞庭郡の里耶古城をめぐる情勢  
二 里耶秦簡にみえる郡県制   
三 秦帝国の滅亡と地方社会

第五章 『史記』秦漢史像の復元―陳渉、劉邦、項羽のエピソード
一 『史記』陳渉世家の地方社会  
二 『史記』高祖本紀の地方社会  
三 『史記』項羽本紀の社会情勢

第六章 『史記』項羽本紀と秦楚之際月表―楚と漢の歴史観
一 『史記』項羽本紀の構成         
二 『史記』秦楚之際月表の構成 
三 戦国・秦漢における諸国の暦法      
四 『史記』にみえる楚・漢の評価

第七章 項羽と劉邦の体制―秦と楚の社会システム
一 秦代の地方統治と情報伝達   
二 秦の滅亡と項羽の体制     
三 楚漢戦争期の体制と戦略

第八章 『史記』呂后本紀の歴史観
一 『史記』にみえる呂后の人物像 
二 『史記』呂后本紀の素材と編集 
三 『史記』呂后本紀の歴史観

第九章 『史記』漢代諸表と諸侯王
第一節 張家山漢簡「秩律」と漢王朝の領域
一 「秩律」にみえる県の所属         
二 「秩律」にみえる漢王朝と諸侯王国
〔代国をめぐって/長沙国と武陵郡をめぐって/楚国をめぐって/梁国と淮陽国をめぐって〕
三 張家山漢簡「秩律」と楚国の領域

 第二節 漢代の郡国制と諸侯王―徐州楚王陵の印章・封泥
一 漢代初期の王朝と諸侯王         
二 淮陰侯韓信の失脚と諸侯王
三 漢代の郡国制と東方社会―楚国の官制と領域

終 章 『史記』の歴史叙述と秦漢史
一 『史記』の取材と編集          
二 『史記』の構造と歴史観 
三 秦漢時代の国家と地域社会〔『史記』秦漢史の歴史叙述/古代専制国家の概念/秦漢時代の県社会〕

あとがき・初出一覧・『史記』篇目、『漢書』篇目・索引(文献と出土資料、事項)


Tuesday, March 24, 2015

The Third Annual Society for the Study of Early China Conference

Time: 
Thursday, 26 March 2015, 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM

Location: 
Sheraton Chicago Hotel & Towers

Schedule:


Session 1 Andrew Meyer (Brooklyn College)
0900 – 0930  F. Janice Kam 甘鳳  “Who Is My Brother? Disassembling and Reassembling Fraternity in a Post-Zhou World”

0930 – 1000  Piotr Gibas 齊百思 “History as Future – Time, Prediction, and Historical Narrative in the Zuozhuan”

1000 – 1030 Michael Ing 吳榮桂 “Mengzi and the Productive Role of Resentment”

1030 – 1045  Break

Session 2 Donald Harper (University of Chicago)
1045 – 1115 Maxim Korolkov 馬碩 “State on the Move: The Structures of the Physical Mobility of Provincial Officials in the Qin and Former Han Empires”

1115 – 1145  Brian Lander  “Environmental Consequences of the Zheng Guo Canal”

1145 – 1215 Charles Sanft 陳力強 “Public Documents in the Han and Xin Periods”


1215 – 1315  Lunch

Session 3 Pauli Tashima (University of North Carolina at Greensboro)
1315 – 1345  Andrew Meyer “The Faces of Cao Mo: ‘Fact’ and Meaning in Early Chinese Historiography”

1345 – 1415  Anne Behnke Kinney 司馬安 “Historical Fiction as an Approach to the Study of Early China”

1415 – 1445 Nicholas M. Williams 魏寧 “Reading the ‘Li sao’ as Composite Text”

1445 – 1500 Break

Session 4 Sarah Allan (Dartmouth College)
1500 – 1530  Luke Habberstad      何錄凱 “Tabling the Bureaucracy: A Rhetorical Reading of the Hanshu ‘Table of Offices and Ministerial Posts’”

1530 – 1600  Erica Brindley “Bearers of ‘Civilization’: Eastern Han and Three Kingdoms Colonialists in the Far South”

1600 – 1630  He Jianjun 何建軍 “Mutilation and Self-Mutilation in Early China”

1630 – 1700  Sarah Allan SSEC Business meeting


Monday, March 23, 2015

The Making of the Tuoba Northern Wei : Constructing Material Cultural Expressions in the Northern Wei Pingcheng Period (398-494 CE)

Author: 
Chin-Yin Tseng

Publisher: 
Archaeopress

Publication Year: 
2013




Abstract:
This work comprises several studies dealing with the society, economy, ideology and power among the mainly tribal, semi-pastoral communities living and moving around the southern arid margins of the southern Levant, particularly the Negev desert, southern Transjordan (ancient Edom) and north-eastern Sinai during the first millennium BCE.

Table of Contents:

Acknowledgements i

Chapter One
Introduction 1
1. HISTORICAL AND MATERIAL SOURCES 5
2. ORIGINS OF THE TUOBA 9
3. METHODOLOGY 12
Alternative Approach 13
Chapter Outline 15
4. SUMMARY 16

Chapter Two
Pingcheng and the Rituals of Empire 17
1. INTRODUCTION 17
2. THE TUOBA SEAT OF POWER: PHYSICAL AND CONCEPTUAL 19
Kingship and Kinship 21
The Fiction of the Mingtang 25
3. A MOBILE COURT 29
The Emperors’ Peripatetic Agenda 31
Affairs in the Capital 33
Centralizing the Conquered Subjects 35
4. SUMMARY 39

Chapter Three
Yungang and the Tuoba Kingship 41
1. INTRODUCTION 41
2. A NEW IMPERIAL MONUMENT: THE FIVE CAVES OF TAN YAO 45
From Words to Images 47
Changing Agencies of Kingship 49
3. A NEW IMPERIAL APPROACH: THE CAVES AS ENGAGING SPACES 50
Emperor in the Face of Buddha 51
An Imperial Platform 53
4. A NEW IMPERIAL MATERIAL: STONE 57
Borrowing from the West 59
Materializing Kingship through the Restoration of Buddhism 66
5. SUMMARY 68

Chapter Four
Life and Death of the Northern Wei Elite 69
1. INTRODUCTION 69
2. CASE STUDY I: SHALING M7 OF LADY PODUOLUO 72
A New Pictorial System 75
East Wall: Positioning Lady Poduoluo in Her Household 78
North and South walls: Remembering Lady Poduoluo in Leisure and Ranks 85
3. CASE STUDY II: YANBEI SHIYUAN M5 OF SONG SHAOZU 89
The New Outsider 91
Clay Figurines: Buried like a Prince 92
Stone Sarcophagus: Appeals of a New Fashion 97
4. SUMMARY: READING THE TOMBS 103

Chapter Five
The Many Faces of the Tuoba 105
1. MULAN AND THE KHAN 106
2. LEGACIES OF THE TUOBA 108
3. BACK TO THE GAXIAN CAVE 111

Bibliography 116

Friday, March 20, 2015

[Dissertation] Origins, Ancestors, and Imperial Authority in Early Northern Wei Historiography

Author:
Duthie, Nina. 

School:
Columbia University

Publication Year:
2015

Advisor:
Robert Hymes (韓明士)

Degree:
Ph.D.

Abstract:
In this dissertation, I explore Wei shu (魏書) historiography on the early Northern Wei imperial state, which was founded by the Tuoba Xianbei in the late fourth century C.E. In examining the Wei shu narrative of the Northern Wei founding, I illuminate not only the representation of cultural and imperial authority in the reigns of the early Northern Wei emperors, but also investigate historiography on the pre-imperial Tuoba past. I argue that the Wei shu narrative of Tuoba origins and ancestors is constructed from the perspective of the moment of the Northern Wei founding. Or, to view it the other way around, the founding of the Northern Wei imperial state by Tuoba Gui 拓拔珪 signifies the culmination of the Wei shu narrative on the early Tuoba.

This narrative of the early Tuoba past is of course teleological: Essentially everything in this phase of Tuoba historiography leads up to the moment of the Northern Wei imperial founding, including genealogical descent from a son of Huangdi, who is represented as the Xianbei progenitor, in a remote northern wilderness; the continuous succession of Tuoba rulers that followed; and the journeys that brought the Tuoba out of the wilderness and toward the geographical center.

In focusing on the account of the inaugural reign of Tuoba Gui, the Northern Wei founder, and the record of his ritual practice as emperor, I have discovered tensions in Wei shu historiography that I believe signal toward some of the actual cultural contestation that attended the founding of the Northern Wei imperial state. The Wei shu historiography on Buddhism in the early Northern Wei then, I argue, presents an alternative source of authority, one that stands outside both an imperial Han inheritance and a culturally Tuoba tradition.

Link:
http://academiccommons.columbia.edu/catalog/ac%3A186705


Thursday, March 12, 2015

Nomads as Agents of Cultural Change: The Mongols and Their Eurasian Predecessors

Editors:
Reuven Amitai & Michal Biran

Publication Year:
2014

Publisher:
University Of Hawaii Press



Abstract:

Since the first millennium BCE, nomads of the Eurasian steppe have played a key role in world history and the development of adjacent sedentary regions, especially China, India, the Middle East, and Eastern and Central Europe. Although their more settled neighbors often saw them as an ongoing threat and imminent danger—“barbarians,” in fact—their impact on sedentary cultures was far more complex than the raiding, pillaging, and devastation with which they have long been associated in the popular imagination. The nomads were also facilitators and catalysts of social, demographic, economic, and cultural change, and nomadic culture had a significant influence on that of sedentary Eurasian civilizations, especially in cases when the nomads conquered and ruled over them. Not simply passive conveyors of ideas, beliefs, technologies, and physical artifacts, nomads were frequently active contributors to the process of cultural exchange and change. Their active choices and initiatives helped set the cultural and intellectual agenda of the lands they ruled and beyond.

This volume brings together a distinguished group of scholars from different disciplines and cultural specializations to explore how nomads played the role of “agents of cultural change.” The beginning chapters examine this phenomenon in both east and west Asia in ancient and early medieval times, while the bulk of the book is devoted to the far flung Mongol empire of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. This comparative approach, encompassing both a lengthy time span and a vast region, enables a clearer understanding of the key role that Eurasian pastoral nomads played in the history of the Old World. It conveys a sense of the complex and engaging cultural dynamic that existed between nomads and their agricultural and urban neighbors, and highlights the non-military impact of nomadic culture on Eurasian history.

Nomads As Agents of Cultural Change illuminates and complicates nomadic roles as active promoters of cultural exchange within a vast and varied region. It makes available important original scholarship on the new turn in the study of the Mongol empire and on relations between the nomadic and sedentary worlds.

Table of Contents:

Introduction: nomadic culture / Michal Biran --

Steppe land interactions and their effects on Chinese cultures during the second and early first millennia BCE / Gideon Shelach-Lavi --

The Scythians and their neighbors / Anatoly Khazanov --

From steppe roads to silk roads: inner Asian nomads and early interregional exchange / William Honeychurch --

The use of sociopolitical terminology for nomads: an excursion into the term buluo in Tang China / Isenbike Togan --

Population movements in the Mongolian era / Thomas T. Allsen --

The Mongols and nomadic identity: the case of the Kitans in China / Michal Biran --

Persian notables and the families which underpinned the Ilkhanate / George Lane --

The Mongol empire and its impact on the arts of China / Morris Rossabi --

The impact of the Mongols on the history of Syria: politics, society, and culture / Reuven Amitai --

The Tatar factor in the formation of Muscovy's political culture / Istvan Vasary --

Mongol historiography since 1985: the rise of cultural history / David Morgan.

Thursday, March 5, 2015

Excavating the Afterlife: The Archaeology of Early Chinese Religion

Author: 
Guolong Lai 來國龍

Publication: 
March 2015

Publisher:
University of Washington Press




Abstract:
In Excavating the Afterlife, Guolong Lai explores the dialectical relationship between sociopolitical change and mortuary religion from an archaeological perspective. By examining burial structure, grave goods, and religious documents unearthed from groups of well-preserved tombs in southern China, Lai shows that new attitudes toward the dead, resulting from the trauma of violent political struggle and warfare, permanently altered the early Chinese conceptions of this world and the afterlife. The book grounds the important changes in religious beliefs and ritual practices firmly in the sociopolitical transition from the Warring States (ca. 453-221 BCE) to the early empires (3rd century-1st century BCE). 

A methodologically sophisticated synthesis of archaeological, art historical, and textual sources, Excavating the Afterlife will be of interest to art historians, archaeologists, and textual scholars of China, as well as to students of comparative religions.

Table of Contents:

Chronology of early Chinese dynasties
Maps

Introduction
The dead who would not be ancestors
The transformation of burial space
The presence of the invisible
Letters to the underworld
Journey to the Northwest

Conclusion --
Glossary of Chinese characters.


Tuesday, March 3, 2015

西周王朝とその青銅器

Author:
角道亮介

Publication Date:
2014年3月

Publisher:
六一書房

Table of Contents:

第1章 西周史研究の意義と課題
第1節 文献資料に記載される西周史
第2節 西周史研究と問題の所在

第2章 西周青銅器の広がり
第1節 西周青銅器編年の枠組み
第2節 西周期の青銅彝器分布
第3節 西周期の青銅器文化圏
第4節 小結

第3章 西周王朝と青銅器
第1節 関中平原における青銅彝器分布の変化
第2節 青銅器祭祀の変革とその背景
第3節 周原と宗周
第4節 小結

第4章 諸侯国における受容形態
第1節 晋国墓地の研究
第2節 ギョ国墓地の研究
第3節 西周青銅器銘文にみる礼制の受容
第4節 小結

第5章 西周の政体と領域