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[公告] 「港台學術資訊」不是我的微博

Thursday, October 29, 2015

匈奴: 古代遊牧国家の興亡〔新訂版〕

Author: 
沢田勲 (SAWADA Isao) 

Publisher:
東方書店

Publication Year:
2015




Abstract:
前2世紀から後1世紀にかけて、北アジア史上最初に登場した騎馬遊牧民の勃興から分裂・衰退までをたどるとともに、考古学的知見をもとにその社会・文化を紹介。さらに匈奴の歴史を通じてユーラシア内陸部の遊牧民が東西の歴史に及ぼした影響をも考察する。1996年の刊行以来、地道に版を重ねてきたロングセラーの新訂版。

Table of Contents:
第1章 匈奴の登場(匈奴の源流;匈奴の勃興 ほか)
第2章 匈奴と漢の攻防(漢との対立;匈奴内の漢人と匈奴の内紛 ほか)
第3章 匈奴の文化(匈奴文化の特質;経済と産業 ほか)
第4章 匈奴の社会(匈奴の部族組織;政治権力の発生 ほか)
第5章 匈奴の分裂とその後(匈奴の南北分裂;北匈奴の動静 ほか)

冒頓単于: 匈奴遊牧国家の創設者

Author:
沢田勲 (SAWADA Isao)

Publisher:
山川出版社

Publication Year:
2015




Abstract:
モンゴル高原の一騎馬遊牧民に過ぎなかった匈奴は,前3世紀後半,冒頓単于があらわれると瞬く間に北アジア諸族を征服して覇権を樹立した。冒頓はクーデタで父を殺し権力を奪取したという暗い過去をもつ。ふつうであれば悪逆非道な人物と思われがちだが,彼は匈奴の民に勇者として迎えられている。本書はその人気の秘密をさぐり,冒頓がいかにして匈奴遊牧国家を強大化し,南の秦・漢中国王朝と対抗したのか,その姿を描き出してみたい。

Table of Contents:

モンゴル高原

(1)匈奴と中国
北アジア諸族の始祖説話/匈奴と「中華世界」/匈奴の故地/春秋・戦国期の匈奴/匈奴と秦/万里の長城

(2)冒頓の雄飛
冒頓のクーデター/前三世紀後半の北アジア情勢/冒頓の東胡征討

(3)白登山の戦い
中国北方の動揺/白登山の戦い/遊牧君主と中国皇帝との違い/兄弟の和約/関市

(4)匈奴遊牧国家の成立
冒頓の遠征/中国北方への侵入/匈奴という名称/単于位がもつ意味/単于を支えた姻戚氏族/匈奴「二十四長」

(5)匈奴遊牧国家の性格
ゆるやかな部族連合/匈奴単于権の実態/冒頓がめざしたもの

冒頓単于とその時代
参考文献
図版出典一覧



Monday, October 26, 2015

Early China 38 (2015) 《古代中國》第38期

Letter from the Editor
Sarah Allan      pp v - vi

Articles
MAGDALENE VON DEWALL (1927–2014): A PORTRAIT
著名考古學家德麥玲女士(1927–2014)傳略
Lothar von Falkenhausen 羅泰      pp 1 - 39

NIVISON AND THE PHILOSOPHICAL STUDY OF CONFUCIAN THOUGHT: IN MEMORY OF DAVID S. NIVISON (1923–2014)
倪德衛與儒家思想之哲學研究
Shun Kwong-loi, 信廣來      pp 41 - 53

HEAVY AND LIGHT BODY PARTS: THE WEIGHING METAPHOR IN EARLY CHINESE DIALOGUES
輕重肢體: 中國古籍中的權衡隱喻
Carine Defoort 戴卡林      pp 55 - 77

THE ROLE OF QING 情 IN THE HUAINANZI'S ETHICS
《淮南子》的倫理中情起的作用
Matthew L. Duperon 杜培倫      pp 79 - 107

THE NOTION OF ORIGINALITY AND DEGREES OF FAITHFULNESS IN TRANSLATING CLASSICAL CHINESE: COMPARING TRANSLATIONS OF THE LIEZI
淺談古漢語翻譯中原文及其原創性的概念和譯文的保真度:《列子》的不同譯本的比較
Xiaofan Amy Li 李曉帆      pp 109 - 128

TAOTIE, DRAGON, PHOENIX, AND FARMER: A HIGHLY DECORATED QIN EXCAVATED FROM JIULIANDUN
饕餮、龍鳳和農夫:記九連墩出土的一牀「寶裝琴」
Yuanzheng Yang 楊元錚      pp 129 - 150

符、徵、跡:古代中國政治與軍事文本中的預測
Albert Galvany 高梵寧      pp 151 - 193

FANWU LIUXING 凡物流形 (“ALL THINGS FLOW INTO FORM”) AND THE “ONE” IN THE LAOZI
《凡物流形》和《老子》中的“一”
Franklin Perkins 方嵐生      pp 195 - 232

Reviews
Anne P. Underhill, ed. A Companion to Chinese Archaeology. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2013. 
Brian Lander      pp 233 - 236

Wang Haicheng. Writing and the Ancient State: Early China in Comparative Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014, xxii + 385 pp. 
Rens Krijgsman      pp 237 - 240

Book Notices
Margaret Pearson. The Original I Ching: An Authentic Translation of the Book of Changes. Tokyo, Rutland, Singapore: Tuttle Publishing, 2011.  
Geoffrey Redmond      pp 241 - 242

Lillian Lan-ying Tseng. Picturing Heaven in Early China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2011.  
Jianing Chen      pp 243 - 244

Bibliography
DISSERTATION ABSTRACTS      pp 245 - 254

ANNUAL BIBLIOGRAPHY      pp 255 - 270



Friday, October 23, 2015

[Dissertation] Women's Literacy Practices in Late Medieval China (600-1000)

Author:
Rebecca Shuang Fu

School:
University of Pennsylvania

Advisor:
Mair, Victor H.

Department:
East Asian Languages and Civilizations

Year:
2015

Abstract:

Female literacy is an issue with both historical and contemporary relevance. My dissertation traces women’s engagement and involvement in text-based activities back to the second half of the 1st millennium, a period during which the written word played an ever-increasing role in people’s day-to-day lives. 

By introducing the concepts of “literacy practices” and “literacy events” into this work’s analytical framework, I expand the scope of my research to encompass women who used literacy without necessary being literate themselves. 
This view of literacy is concerned less with an individual’s unaided ability to read or write than with their understanding of and ability to use the power of writing. 

The use of certain types of primary materials underutilized in the field of Chinese literature, such as Turfan and Dunhuang manuscripts and Tang dynasty tomb inscriptions, helps bring into focus the generally overlooked category of non-elite women. My dissertation develops a new approach to the decoding of Chinese manuscripts. Rather than restricting my examination to the content of the written word, I pay special attention to a manuscript’s material and social properties, as well as its specific physical features. These “extra-textual” features offer testimony, not mediated by the literate male elite, to women’s ability to manipulate the powerful tool of writing to achieve their ends.

Wednesday, October 21, 2015

人間・始皇帝

Author: 
鶴間和幸

Publisher:
岩波書店 

Publication Year:
2015




Abstract:
苛烈な暴君か、有能な君主か。中国最初の皇帝の生涯は謎に満ちている。出生の秘密、暗殺未遂の経緯、統一の実像、そして遺言の真相—。七〇年代以降、地下から発見された驚くべき新史料群に拠ると、『史記』の描く従来の像とは違った姿が見えてくる。可能な限り同時代の視点から始皇帝の足跡をたどる、画期的な一書。

Table of Contents:

第1章 趙正出生—生誕の秘密(一歳)
第2章 秦王即位—帝王誕生の背景(一三歳)
第3章 嫪毐(ろうあい)の乱—彗星は語る(二二歳)
第4章 暗殺未遂—刺客の人物像(三三歳)
第5章 皇帝巡行—「統一」の実像(三九歳)
第6章 中華の夢—長城と焚書坑儒(四七歳)
第7章 帝王の死—遺言の真相(五〇歳)
第8章 帝国の終焉—永遠の始皇帝

Tuesday, October 20, 2015

中国史の時代区分の現在

Editor:
渡邉義浩 編

Publication Year:
2015

Publisher:
汲古書院




Table of Contents:

全体会

一 主旨説明――第六回日中学者中国古代史論壇の開催にあたって………池田知久

二 法律の儒教化と魏晋以降の制定法運動………………………楼 勁・島田 悠(訳)

三 人類史と東アジア史の時期区分………………………………………………妹尾達彦

四 明代韶州同知劉承範の「利瑪伝」の発見とその内容及び価値……湯 開 建・周 力(訳)


分科会(Ⅰ)

一 秦漢聚落形態研究

――あわせて宮崎市定の「中国都市国家論」について……………王 彦 輝・髙橋康浩(訳)

二 漢武帝期の「堯母門」に関する試論………………………………宋 豔 萍・池田雅典(訳)

三 「古典中国」の成立と展開…………………………………………………………渡邉義浩

四 漢晋の道教における「静室」と斎戒制度の淵源に関する考察
………王 承 文・冨田絵美(訳)

五 「霊宝略紀」と北宋初年における霊宝経の伝統……………………劉 屹・冨田絵美(訳)

六 陰陽五行観念と魏晋南北朝時代の「祓災、減災」…………劉 洪 波・西念咲和希(訳)

七 西魏政権成立当初の宇文泰集団………………………………黄 寿 成・三津間弘彦(訳)

八 中国文学史における近代――古典再評価の意味と限界…………………牧角悦子


分科会(Ⅱ)

一 内藤湖南の時代区分論とその現代的意義…………………………………氣賀澤保規

二 身分制度より見る中国中世社会の変遷…………………………李 天 石・袴田郁一(訳)

三 北宋東京街巷の時代特性と公共性質……………………………梁 建 国・関 俊史(訳)

四 「崇士重商」宋代以降の徽州人による四民観

――隆慶刊『璫溪金氏族譜』を中心として………………………………阿 風・仙石知子(訳)

五 思想史から見た宋代近世論………………………………………………………小島 毅

六 唐宋変革と明清実践――朱子学・理学を例にして……………陳 支 平・黒﨑恵輔(訳)

七 明代思想の特色に関する試論………………………………………汪 學 群・阿部 亘(訳)

八 元代の詩序にみる元人の詩学観………………………………韓 格 平・稀代麻也子(訳)


総合討論

一 全体会・分科会Ⅰ・総合討論を振り返って……………………………………石井 仁

二 分科会Ⅱを終えて…………………………………………………………………伊東貴之

あとがき……………………………………………………………………………………渡邉義浩




Saturday, October 17, 2015

[Dissertation] In the Government's Service: A Study of the Role and Practice of Early China's Officials Based on Excavated Manuscripts

Author:
Sou, Daniel S. (徐誠彬)

School:
University of Pennsylvania

Advisor:
Goldin, Paul R.

Department:
East Asian Languages and Civilizations

Year:
2013

Abstract:

The aim of this dissertation is to examine the practices of local officials serving in the Chu and Qin centralized governments during the late Warring States period, with particular interest in relevant excavated texts. The recent discoveries of Warring States slips have provided scholars with new information about how local offices operated and functioned as a crucial organ of the centralized state. Among the many excavated texts, I mainly focus on those found in Baoshan 包山, Shuihudi 睡虎地, Fangmatan 放馬灘, Liye 里耶, and the one held by the Yuelu Academy 岳麓書院.

Much attention is given to the function of districts and their officials in the Chu and Qin governments as they supervised and operated as a base unit: deciding judicial matters, managing governmental materials and products, and controlling the population, who were the source of military and labor service. Administrative law was the main device for managing officials, but Qin daybooks suggest that mantic texts were used as a political device to support governmental daily activities. Additionally, I argue that the Qin government systematically required its officials to internalize certain values that restricted and guided their mindset and activities on behalf of the government.

By focusing on excavated materials, I demonstrate that local offices, especially the district, served as a core organ in sustaining the entire local government and channeling the central authority. I conclude that only in understanding the role of local government we are able to draw the entire picture of the ruler-centered state that emerged and developed during the Warring States period.


Table of Contents:
Chapter One: Introduction
Chapter Two: Centralizing the local governments of the Chu state
Chapter Three: The Qin government centralizing resources …
Chapter Four: Control of the Population
Chapter Five: Shaping Qin local officials
Chapter Six: Daybooks and official activities


Sunday, October 11, 2015

[Conference] The Origins and Early Development of Pictorial Art in Early Civilizations

Venue:
Zhejiang University




Schedule:

October 19

Morning session
09:00 am     John Baines (Oxford University)
Early Egyptian Pictorial Art: Subject Matter, Figure, Composition
10:00 am     Emily C. Egan (University of California, Santa Cruz)
Pictorial Art in the Aegean Bronze Age: Origins and Early Development
11:00 am     Bryan Just (Princeton Art Museum)
Alternatives to Perspective: Ancient Maya Artistic Approaches to Mass, Volume, Space and Time

Afternoon session
2:00 pm       Lothar von Falkenhausen (University of California, Los Angeles) 
The Problem of Human Representation in Pre-Imperial China
3:00 pm       Guolong Lai (University of Florida)
The Convergence of Pictorial Elements in Warring States and Early Han Art

October 20

Morning Session
09:00 am      Miao Zhe (Zhejiang University)
Textual Hermeneutics and Pictoria lNarrativization in the Han Dynasty
10:00 am      Sonya Rhie Quintanilla (The Cleveland Museum of Art)
From Formlessness to Form: Exploring the Paradox of Figuration in Early India
11:00 am      Stéphane Verger (École Pratique des Hautes Études)
The Origins and Early Development of Pictorial Art in Celtic Civilization

Final discussion


Friday, October 9, 2015

[Dissertation] Empresses, Bhikṣuṇīs, and Women of Pure Faith: Buddhism and the Politics of Patronage in the Northern Wei

Author:
Balkwill, Stephanie Lynn

School:

McMaster University

Advisor:

Benn, James

Department:
Religious Studies

Year:
2015

Abstract:

This dissertation is a study of the contributions that women made to the early development of Chinese Buddhism during the Northern Wei Dynasty 北魏 (386–534 CE). Working with the premise that Buddhism was patronized as a necessary, secondary arm of government during the Northern Wei, the argument put forth in this dissertation is that women were uniquely situated to play central roles in the development, expansion, and policing of this particular form of state-sponsored Buddhism due to their already high status as a religious elite in Northern Wei society. 

Furthermore, in acting as representatives and arbiters of this state-sponsored Buddhism, women of the Northern Wei not only significantly contributed to the spread of Buddhism throughout East Asia, but also, in so doing, they themselves gained increased social mobility and enhanced social status through their affiliation with the new, foreign, and wildly popular Buddhist tradition. 

Throughout the dissertation, stories of empresses, concubines, female bureaucrats, lay devotees, and female members of the Buddhist monastic institution will be studied in order to show the unique connections between women and the Buddhist tradition under the Northern Wei and also to reveal the diversity of roles that they played in the administration of a court-sponsored, imperial Buddhist tradition. 

In bringing these stories to light, this dissertation will utilize biographical material from the dynastic history of the Northern Wei as well as from a number of previously unstudied epigraphs. Additionally, other forms of inscriptional, religious, and secular materials will be widely consulted in this exploration of the lives of Buddhist women at a time when Buddhism was becoming a state religion in a powerful and ambitious dynasty – the Northern Wei.


Wednesday, October 7, 2015

中国知識人の三国志像

Author:
田中靖彥

Publication Year:
2015

Publisher:
研文出版




Table of Contents:

序章 
問題提起/先行研究および既存の三国志像と、本書の視座/「正統」の語について 

第一章 陳寿の尊晋と『三国志』 
陳寿の生涯と同時代評価/陳寿の三国描写/陳寿の「不遇」と『三国志』/『三国志』の示した意義 

第二章 『後漢書』荀彧伝と范曄の「天下三分」観 
荀彧の「漢の忠臣」化/范曄の三国論 

第三章 再士官への希望と曹操評価―『漢晋春秋』の「蜀漢正統論」について 
両晋南北朝期の三国人物論/初の「蜀漢正統論」とその実態/曹操に投影された桓温の影 

第四章 江東寒門の怨念と孫呉正統論の挫折―干宝『捜神記』を中心に 
孫呉正統論の胚胎/干宝と孫呉/于吉と干吉 

第五章 『世説新語』の三国描写と劉義慶 
『世説』は蜀漢正統論の書か/『世説』と三国正統論/名門の称揚と反曹/『世説』撰者は誰か/文帝の皇弟抑圧と「皇弟」劉義慶/ふたりの「文帝」/司馬炎への批判的筆致と『晋書』/「皇弟」と潁川荀/『世説』の編纂時期と劉義慶 

第六章 唐代における史学の展開と三国論 
曹魏の位置づけと禅譲/李世民と曹操/『史通』の曹魏描写と劉知幾の唐朝観 

第七章 澶淵の盟と曹操祭祀―真宗朝における「正統」の萌芽 
北宋朝の曹魏尊崇/『冊府元亀』の三国正統論/真宗朝の曹操尊崇/三国志観の一大画期 

第八章 宋代における三国論の展開と「正統」 
北宋中期以降の三国論/正統論の確立者/蘇軾と三国志観の過渡期/『資治通鑑』に見る三国の「正統」/二程から朱熹へ/宋儒の三国観と孟子受容/「正統」の語について 

終章 
まとめ/三国志観の画期と「正統」/中国を映す鏡としての三国志

Tuesday, October 6, 2015

Spreading Buddha's Word in East Asia: The Formation and Transformation of the Chinese Buddhist Canon

Editors:
Jiang Wu and Lucille Chia

Publisher:
Columbia University Press

Publication Year:
2015




Abstract:
A monumental work in the history of religion, the history of the book, the study of politics, and bibliographical research, this volume follows the making of the Chinese Buddhist canon from the fourth century to the digital era. Approaching the subject from a historical perspective, the book ties the religious, social, and textual practices of canon formation to the development of East Asian Buddhist culture and opens up the study of Chinese Buddhist texts to readers interested in the evolution of Chinese writing in general and the Confucian and Daoist traditions in particular.

The collection undertakes extensive readings of major scriptural catalogs from the early manuscript era as well as major printed editions, including the Kaibao Canon, Qisha Canon, Goryeo Canon, and Taisho Canon. Contributors add fascinating depth to such understudied issues as the historical process of compilation, textual manipulation, physical production and management, sponsorship, the dissemination of various editions, cultic activities surrounding the canon, and the canon's reception in different East Asian societies. The Chinese Buddhist canon is one of the most enduring textual traditions in East Asian religion and culture, and through this exhaustive, multifaceted effort, an essential body of work becomes part of a new, versatile narrative of East Asian Buddhism that has far-reaching implications for world history.

Table of Contents:

Preface, by Lewis Lancaster

Acknowledgments

Conventions

Introduction, by Jiang Wu and Lucille Chia

Part I: Overview

1. The Chinese Buddhist Canon Through the Ages: Essential Categories and Critical Issues in the Study of a Textual Tradition, by Jiang Wu

2. From the "Cult of the Book" to the "Cult of the Canon": A Neglected Tradition in Chinese Buddhism, by Jiang Wu

Part II: The Formative Period

3. Notions and Visions of the Canon in Early Chinese Buddhism, by Stefano Zacchetti

4. Fei Changfang's Lidai sanbao ji 歷代三寶記 and Its Role in the Formation of the Chinese Buddhist Canon, by Tanya Storch

Part III: The Advent of Printing

5. The Birth of the First Printed Canon: The Kaibao Edition and Its Impact, by Jiang Wu, Lucille Chia, and Chen Zhichao

6. The Life and Afterlife of Qisha Canon, by Lucille Chia

7. Managing the Dharma Treasure: Collation, Carving, Printing, and Distribution of the Canon in Late Imperial China, by Darui Long

Part IV: The Canon Beyond China

8. Better Than the Original: The Creation of Goryeo Canon and the Formation of Giyang Pulgyo, by Jiang Wu and Ron Dziwenka

9. Taisho Canon: Devotion, Scholarship, and Nationalism in the Creation of the Modern Buddhist Canon in Japan, by Greg Wilkinson

Appendix 1. A Brief Survey of the Printed Editions of the Chinese Buddhist Canon, by Li Fuhua and He Mei

Appendix 2. The Creation of the CBETA Electronic Tripitaka Collection in Taiwan, by Aming Tu

Bibliography
List of Contributors
Index

Monday, October 5, 2015

Chinese History: A New Manual, Fourth Edition

Author: 
Wilkinson, Endymion

Publication Year: 
2015

Publisher: 
Harvard University Asia Center




Abstract:

Endymion Wilkinson’s bestselling manual of Chinese history has long been an indispensable guide to all those interested in the civilization and history of China. The hugely enlarged third edition won the Stanislas Julien Prize for 2014. In the fourth edition the entire work has been corrected and updated and many sections rewritten.

Fifteen years in the making, Chinese History introduces students to different types of transmitted, excavated, and artifactual sources from prehistory to the twenty-first century. It also examines the context in which the sources were produced, preserved, and received, the problems of research and interpretation associated with them, and the best, most up-to-date secondary works. Because history has always played a central role in Chinese politics and culture, special attention is devoted to the strengths and weaknesses of Chinese historiography.

Chinese History comprises fourteen book-length parts subdivided into a total of seventy-six chapters: Books 1–9 cover Language; People; Geography and the Environment; Governing and Educating; Ideas and Beliefs, Literature, and the Fine Arts; Agriculture, Food, and Drink; Technology and Science; Trade; and Historiography. Books 10–13 present primary and secondary sources chronologically by period. Book 14 is on historical bibliography. Electronic resources are covered throughout.

Sunday, October 4, 2015

The Gongyang Commentary on The Spring and Autumn Annals: A Full Translation

Editor:
Miller, Harry

Publisher:
Palgrave Macmillan


Publication Year:
2015





Abstract:
The Spring and Autumn Annals was a cryptic and mysterious chronicle of the history of China's Zhou kingdom from the perspective of the feudal state of Lu from 722 to 481 BCE. When it was first written, scholars believed it was the work of the great sage Confucius (although no one really knows who wrote it), and they treated it like a religious scripture, analyzing and explaining even its smallest detail, determined to discover exactly what Confucius meant. Several schools of interpretation arose, and The Gongyang Commentary is the legacy of one of them. It takes the form of a catechism, a series of questions and answers on Confucius's narrative, designed to explain why he described people and events the way he did. Confucius thus emerges as the original editorialist: offering praise and scorn, embellishing the exemplary and suppressing the embarrassing – passing judgment with nearly every word. The history itself – filled with diplomacy, war, intrigue, assassination, honor, and knavery – gave Confucius plenty to pass judgment on. The Gongyang Commentary has never before been translated into English.