公告

[公告] 「港台學術資訊」不是我的微博

Thursday, April 28, 2016

中国都市論への挑動

Editor:
大阪市立大学大学院文学研究科東洋史学専修研究室

Publication Date:
April 2016

Publisher:
汲古書院





Table of Contents:


序 文 ……………………………………………… 平田茂樹

総 論

魏晋南北朝都城研究のひとつの可能性 ………… 中村圭爾

「科挙社会」の視点から探る宋代都市社会史研究の新たな可能性  ………平田茂樹



各 論

前漢初期都城の立地をめぐって―都城立地と政治の関係を中心に― …… 陳  力

「朝宿の舎」から「商舗」へ―漢代の郡国邸と六朝の邸店についての一考察―… 
    侯 旭 東(井上幸紀訳)

『襄陽耆旧記』にみえる襄陽意識  ……………………………   永田拓治

漢晋五胡十六国期の東宮と西宮 ………………………………… 岡部毅史

建康の歴史的性格と都城圏の形成 ……………………………  小尾孝夫

唐五代都市における毬場の社会的機能 ………………………    山崎覚士

官路、私路と駅路、県路

  ―宋代州(府)県城周囲の道路構造についての新たな考察― …… 曹 家 斉
     (平田茂樹監訳・姜暁麗訳)

北宋中期から南宋初期の都市における統合理念

  ―地域防衛の構造を中心に― ……………………穴沢彰子

人口の原動力から見る南宋経済発展の限界性

  ―併せて中国・西洋の生産力の主要な格差を論ずる― ………… 呉 松 弟

      (平田茂樹監訳・王標訳)

「列肆招牌、爛若雲錦」―清代前期蘇州城の工商店舗―  ……… 范 金 民
      (辻 高広訳)


コメント

都城論と都市論の間―東アジアの坊制都市をめぐる若干の考察― …… 佐川英治


あとがき ……………………………… 平田茂樹・室山留美子


執筆者紹介/英文目次


Monday, April 25, 2016

北朝仏教造像銘研究 (Research on Buddhist Dedicatory Inscriptions of the Northern Dynasties)

Author:
倉本尚徳 (Hisanori Kuramoto)

Publication Date:
2016.4

Publisher:
法藏館




Abstract:

中国仏教黎明期における、地域社会の信仰活動の実態。国内外で注目される著者が、信仰の記録媒体ともいえる造像銘から忘れられた信仰の記録を読み解く。

Table of Contents:

序論

第一部  邑義造像銘の概要とその地域的特徴

第一章  北朝邑義造像銘の概要と感応思想
第二章  義邑の地域的特徴について
第三章  北朝時代の関中における道仏二教の義邑について

第二部  造像銘と仏教経典

第一章  北朝時代の多仏名石刻――懺悔・称名信仰と関連して――
第二章  北朝時代における方等懺と称名信仰
           ――『大方等陀羅尼経』十二夢王石刻図像の新発見とその意義――
第三章  北朝期における『菩薩瓔珞本業経』実践の一事例
     ――陽阿故県村造像記について――
第四章 『高王観世音経』の成立と観音像
第五章  北朝・隋代造像銘に見る西方浄土信仰の変容
           ――「観無量寿経」との関係を中心に――
第六章 『観世音十大願経』と「觀世音佛」
第七章 北朝・隋代造像銘に見る西方浄土信仰の変容
    ――『観無量寿経』との関係を中心に――
結論

附録 別表A~N

書名・雑誌名略称一覧
参考文献一覧
初出一覧
あとがき
図版典拠
中文要旨
英文目次

Sunday, April 24, 2016

Problems of Han Administration: Ancestral Rites, Weights and Measures, and the Means of Protest

Author:
Michael Loewe

Publisher:
Brill

Publication Date:
May 2016





Abstract:

Michael Loewe calls on literary and material evidence to examine three problems that arose in administering China’s early empires. Religious rites due to an emperor’s predecessors must both pay the correct services to his ancestors and demonstrate his right to succeed to the throne. In practical terms, tax collectors, merchants, farmers and townsmen required the establishment of a standard set of weights and measures that was universally operative and which they could trust. Those who saw reason to criticise the decisions taken by the emperor and his immediate advisors, whether on grounds of moral principles or political expediency, needed opportunities and the means of expressing their views, whether as remonstrants to the throne, by withdrawal from public life or as authors of private writings.

Table of Contents:

Part 1. The concept of zhaomu and its place in the services to imperial ancestors from Chunqiu times to Qing
The concept and application of zhaomu 昭穆
The two series of imperial cults
Zhaomu from pre-imperial times to eastern Han
Zhaomu from the Three Kingdoms to the close of Qing
The sites for imperial tombs
The Ming Tang 明堂
Appendix to part 1

Part 2. The standardisation of weights and measures; inscriptions on bronze vessels of the Han dynasty and the Jia Liang Hu made for Wang Mang
Sources of information
The standardisation of weights and measures
The evidence of Han Shu
Inscriptions of the Zhan Guo, Qin and Han periods
The Jia Liang Hu 嘉量斛
The Wei Dou vessel
Appendix to part 2

Part 3. Protest and criticism in the Han Empire
Occasions for criticism
Types of argument and the means of taking action
Criticism of an emperor
Criticism of officials
Themes and incidents of criticism
The results of protest


Wednesday, April 20, 2016

[Dissertation] Archaeological Manifestations of Rank and Status: The Wooden Chamber Tombs in the Mid-­Yangzi Region (206 B.C. - A.D. 25)

Author:
Liu Yan

School:
University of Oxford

Advisor:
Rawson, Jessica

Year:
2015

Abstract:

This dissertation is centered on the roles of wooden chamber tombs in defining, negotiating and reinforcing status and identity of their owners in the Western Han period (206 B.C.--A.D.25). The archaeological materials under discussion are wooden chamber burials in the mid-Yangzi region, including the modern provinces of Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan and north Anhui. This thesis is theoretically influenced by approaches to mortuary studies, considering the active roles of material culture to represent and construct identity and status in funeral context. My study is accordingly formulated within an analytical framework that focuses on general burial patterns, repetition of status symbols and case studies of concrete examples. This leads, in particular, to burial analysis looking for evidence of rank and status in mortuary records, envisaging the Han elites would have deployed specific strategies through meaningful use of material objects to signify different aspects of status. 

The first chapter defines main concepts such as rank and status, it outlines the physical features of the Western Han wooden chamber tombs and historical background of the mid-Yangzi region, also presents approaches to burial evidence. The second chapter discusses how the Han elites defined rank and status in historical context, and then seeks to identify a range of status indicators through the analysis on a set of institutions and sumptuary rules described in different types of written sources. The analysis of the Zhangjiashan manuscripts explains why the rank matters to the Han elites, and also provides a referential framework of the Twenty Orders ranking system for mortuary analysis. The social analysis of burial evidence consists of three chapters on different aspects of social distinction: power, occupation, wealth and gender. Each chapter provides a case study with a comparison between archaeological record and related sumptuary rules. The image this dissertation presents radically challenges a notion often taken for granted in traditional Chinese scholarship, that mortuary variability of Han wooden chamber tombs is correlated with the fixed hierarchy regulated by sumptuary rules and specific regulations in written texts. 

Monday, April 18, 2016

[Conference] Forming Chinese Culture: From The Age Of Confucius To The Early Imperial Age

Venue:
Stanford University

Thursday, April 21      

2:30 pm           Opening remarks: Gordon Chang 

2:45 pm           Session 1         
Discussant: Liu Li (Stanford)             Translator: Xiao Rao (Stanford)

Changping Zhang (Wuhan University) - The First Emperor’s Unification of China: The Cultural Foundation as Materially Manifested in the Yangzi River Region

Kunzhang Ji (Shanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology) - The Rise and Fall of Bronze Art During the Eastern Zhou Period: A Case Study of the Development of Jin State Bronzes

Xiuzhen Li (Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum) – Ritual and Functional: Bronze Weapons for the Qin Terra-cotta Army

4:45 pm           End of Public Conference Activities for First Day

Friday, April 22          

9:00 am           Opening

9:15 am           Session 2         
Discussant: Charles Sanft (University of Tennessee, Knoxville)

Min Li (UCLA) - The Countryside of the Lu City: Landscape Archaeology at Qufu, China

Li Liu & Jiajing Wang (Stanford) - The Origins and Development of Drinking Rituals in Ancient China

10:45 am         Break

11:00 am         Session 3         
Discussant: Griet Vankeerberghen (McGill University)

Yiqun Zhou (Stanford) - Writing Female Suicide in Early China

Liang Cai (University of Notre Dame) - Fighting against the Bureaucratic Hierarchy: the Formation of Confucian Elites in Early Imperial China 

12:30 pm         Lunch for Panelists 

2:00 pm           Session 4         
Discussant: Yiqun Zhou (Stanford)

Griet Vankeerberghen (McGill University) - Kingdoms and Noble Domains After the Establishment of Empire in 221 BCE: An Attempt at Reconceptualization

Charles Sanft (University of Tennessee, Knoxville) - Literate Community in the Han Dynasty Border Regions

3:30 pm           Break

3:45 pm           Session 5         
Discussant: Liang Cai (University of Notre Dame)

Thomas Bartlett (Stanford) - New Perspective on the Philosopher Mozi and His Critics in Warring States China

Jesse Chapman (Stanford) - From Celestial Journey to Textual Journey: Zhang Heng's "Contemplating the Mystery"

5:15 pm           Closing Remarks: Xiaoneng Yang

5:30 pm           End of Public Conference Activities for Second Day

Saturday, April 16, 2016

[Dissertation] Reconstructing Early Chinese Bamboo Manuscripts: Towards a Systematic Approach Including Verso Analysis

Author:
Thies Staack

School:
University of Hamburg

Year:
2015


Abstract:

For scholars studying bamboo and wood manuscripts from pre-imperial and early imperial China re-construction is very basic work. This is due to the fact that these manuscripts usually do not come to us in a complete state, but as disordered collections of individual slips. In almost every case the bind-ing strings that once held together several slips to form independent codicological units do either not exist anymore or only remain as traces on individual slips. With regard to the state of the art in the field of manuscript reconstruction, there are mainly three aspects that deserve further attention. First, even in China there are only few works that try to deal with manuscript reconstruction in a compre-hensive or even systematic way. Typically discussion is confined to the special circumstances of a concrete case, either a certain manuscript or a certain corpus of manuscripts. Second, there are particu-lar problems with regard to manuscript reconstruction, which are often hotly debated but can usually not be satisfactorily solved. They often boil down to the core problem of distinguishing manuscripts that comprise several self-contained textual units—these may be multiple-text manuscripts (MTM) or composite manuscripts—from separate manuscripts with one self-contained textual unit in each (single-text manuscripts, STM). This fundamental problem is often unsolvable. And even if the possi-bility of a multiple-text or composite manuscript is considered, the question of the arrangement of self-contained textual units inside such a manuscript is equally difficult to solve. Third, new manuscript publications since late 2010 have enabled an analysis of the verso of the slips for a considerable amount of bamboo manuscripts. As it turned out, the slips’ verso often contain information that is extremely valuable for the purpose of reconstruction. Especially the so-called verso lines have become a focus of interest during the last few years, because there appears to be a relation between the verso lines and the original sequence of the slips in a manuscript. However, this relation has turned out to be rather complex and calls for further clarification. A second phenomenon that sometimes occurs on the verso of the slips, namely mirror-inverted imprints of writing, has not yet received the attention it ac-tually deserves. Although it has been shown years ago that an analysis of such imprints can provide evidence for manuscript reconstruction, they have thenceforth rarely been used for that purpose.

The present dissertation hopes to fill the mentioned gaps in research and is mainly devoted to two aims. The first is to clarify and illustrate that an analysis of the verso of the slips can be the key to solving remaining problems (e.g. with regard to multiple-text and composite manuscripts) and how exactly the two phenomena verso lines and verso imprints of writing can be utilized for the purpose of manuscript reconstruction; the second is to systematically approach the reconstruction of early Chi-nese bamboo manuscripts and develop both a comprehensive catalogue of criteria as well as guidelines for reconstruction, which take into account possible evidence from the verso of the slips. Although this dissertation is largely confined to the investigation of bamboo manuscripts, some of the findings are equally relevant to the reconstruction of wood manuscripts.

A review of the criteria and methods applied during reconstruction up to the year 2010, when information on the verso of the slips under investigation was generally unavailable, demonstrates that the particular problems of reconstruction mentioned above can in fact usually not be solved with this set of criteria and methods (part 2). Three case studies (parts 3 to 5) and a re-evaluation of the verso line phenomenon (part 6) illustrate how much can be gained from an analysis of the verso of the slips. Verso lines can provide additional evidence for sequencing of the individual slips of a bamboo manu-script—inside certain limits. Verso imprints of writing mostly provide evidence on the three-dimensional structure of a bamboo manuscript. Therefore they can be utilized for sequencing of groups of slips, whose position in the whole codicological unit cannot be determined by an analysis of other material or textual criteria. This means that an analysis of the two phenomena can enable the reconstruction of complete manuscripts, even if this would be impossible without an analysis of the verso of the slips. Provided that both verso lines as well as verso imprints can be found in the corpus of slips under investigation, it is therefore in many cases possible to solve remaining problems. Espe-cially the verso imprints are useful to determine: First, whether a certain manuscript might have con-tained more than one layout, script or type of text; second, whether we are dealing with a multiple-text/composite manuscript or rather separate codicological units; and third—in case of a multiple-text/composite manuscript—what was the sequence of the textual or formerly independent codicologi-cal units in such a manuscript. In conclusion (part 7) it is possible to expand the “traditional” catalogue of criteria and to propose a methodological “roadmap” for reconstruction, which draws on this revised catalogue. Together the two can serve as basis for a comprehensive and systematic approach to manu-script reconstruction.

The analysis of verso lines and verso imprints of writing is not only highly valuable for the purpose of reconstruction but at the same time informing with regard to different aspects of early Chi-nese manuscript culture, e.g. the production and use of bamboo manuscripts. It can be shown with the help of verso imprints that different types of layout (e.g. with/without registers) were used inside the same manuscript, which was probably a method to distinguish different textual units, just like certain segmentation marks. Furthermore, it can be gathered from the pattern of the imprints that two of the manuscripts under investigation in the three case studies were stored in a rolled-up form. That manu-scripts were sometimes stored in folded form has recently been demonstrated on the basis of other patterns of imprints. The re-evaluation of the verso line phenomenon does not only shed new light on the function of the verso lines and show that they were very likely a means to facilitate the production of bamboo manuscripts and to enhance their outer appearance. The investigation of the respective sets of slips, which can be seen as the “codicological sub-units” of bamboo manuscripts similar to the quires of codex manuscripts, also enables conclusions on the diameter of the bamboo culms that were actually used to produce slips.

Thursday, April 14, 2016

ソグド人墓誌研究 (A Study of Sogdian Inscriptions)

Editor:
石見 清裕 (Iwami, Kiyohiro)

Publisher:
汲古書院

Publication Year:
2016





Table of Contents:

序/凡 例

第Ⅰ部 北朝末期のソグド人墓誌

第一章 西安出土「安伽墓誌」(北周・大象元年―五七九年)

第二章 西安出土「史君墓誌」漢文部分(北周・大象二年―五八〇年)

第三章 西安出土北周「史君墓誌」ソグド語部分訳注(横組み)[吉田豊]

第四章 西安出土「康業墓誌」(北周・天和六年―五七一年)[山下将司]

第五章 太原出土「虞弘墓誌」(隋・開皇十二年―五九二年)

第Ⅱ部 固原の史氏一族墓誌

第一章 「史射勿墓誌」(隋・大業六年―六一〇年)

第二章 「史訶耽夫妻墓誌」(唐・咸亨元年―六七〇年)

第三章 「史道洛夫妻墓誌」(唐・顕慶三年―六五八年)

第四章 「史鉄棒墓誌」(唐・咸亨元年―六七〇年)

第五章 「史索巌墓誌」(唐・顕慶三年―六五八年)

第六章 「史索巌夫人安娘墓誌」(唐・麟徳元年―六六四年)

第七章 「史道徳墓誌」(唐・儀鳳三年―六七八年)

Wednesday, April 13, 2016

The Writing System of Scribe Zhou: Evidence from Late Pre-imperial Chinese Manuscripts and Inscriptions (5th-3rd Centuries BCE)

Author:
Park, Haeree

Publisher:
DeGruyter

Publication Date:
2016.2




Abstract:

This book investigates the nature of regional variation in the early Chinese writing system through bamboo manuscripts and inscriptions dating from the late pre-imperial China (5th-3rd centuries BCE). Diachronic and synchronic comparisons of graphic details show that none of the well-recognized regional varieties developed independently from one another. Furthermore, differences in graphic components can be accounted for as alternations of graphs that are compatible in their semantic or phonetic values. The phonological systems underlying various regional orthographies unanimously point to a single coherent sound system with some mixture of dialect pronunciations. This strongly suggests that all the late pre-imperial regional scripts derived from a kind of orthographic meta-system based on one spoken standard language. This orthography and its phonological systems should reasonably be dated to ca. 9th century BCE, just about the time when the earliest known Chinese lexicography "Book of Scribe Zhou" (ca. 830 BCE) was written. The conclusions of this book have further implications on reading and understanding manuscript texts in general as well as on using them as data for linguistic studies.

Table of Contents:

Frontmatter

Acknowledgements

Contents

Symbols and Abbreviations

1. Introduction

2. The Old Chinese phonology

4. The Chu Script

5. The Shanghai “Zhouyi” and the Early Chinese Orthography

6. Conclusions

Appendix I: A Lexicon of the Shanghai “Zhouyi”

Appendix II: Index of Synonymous Significs and Equivalent Phonophorics

Index of Equivalent Phonophorics

References


* Please click on the link below to download the book
https://www.degruyter.com/viewbooktoc/product/463696

** Thank Dr. Albert Galvany for sharing this information


Monday, April 11, 2016

Chinese Philosophy on Teaching and Learning: Xueji (學記) in the Twenty-First Century

Editors:
Xu Di (許笛) & Hunter McEwan

Publisher:

SUNY Press

Publication Date:

April 2016




Abstract:


A translation and discussion of the central Confucian text on education, Xueji (On Learning and Teaching), influential in China from the Han dynasty to the present day. Written over two and a half millennia ago, the Xueji (On Teaching and Learning) is one of the oldest and most comprehensive works on educational philosophy and teaching methods as well as a consideration of the appropriate roles of teachers and students. The Xueji was included in the Liji (On Ritual), one of the Five Classics that became the heart of the educational system during China’s imperial era, and it contains the ritual protocols adopted by the Imperial Academy during the Han dynasty.

Chinese Philosophy on Teaching and Learning provides a new translation of the Xueji along with essays exploring this work from both Western and Chinese perspectives. Contributors examine the roots of educational thought in classical Chinese philosophy, outline similarities and differences with ideas rooted in classical Greek thought, and explore what the Xueji can offer educators today.

Table of Contents:

Please click the link below for further details
https://books.google.ca/books?id=aX-3CwAAQBAJ&lpg=PP1&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=false


Sunday, April 10, 2016

明大アジア史論集第18号「氣賀澤保規先生退休記念号」

第18号(2014年3月刊)「氣賀澤保規先生退休記念号」




Table of Contents:

「巻頭言」(江川ひかり)

 《氣賀澤保規教授の履歴》
  隋唐時代への彷徨四〇年―私の歩んだ中国史―(氣賀澤保規)
  氣賀澤保規教授主要業績目録

《論説・研究ノート》

  鈴木直美「里耶秦簡にみえる「見戸」と「積戸」―秦代遷陵県下における戸数
                の手がかりとして―」

  青木俊介「里耶秦簡の「続食文書」について」

  菊地大「孫呉政権と国史『呉書』の編纂」

  倉本尚徳「北朝石刻資料よりみた『高王観世音経』の成立事情」

  堀井裕之「北魏の東西分裂と山東貴族―「隋・李希仁妻崔芷蘩墓誌」を
            手掛かりに―」

  会田大輔「北周武帝親政期・宣帝期における側近官の人的構成」

  佐藤裕亮「南北朝隋唐時代、弘農華陰の仏教者たち―弘農楊氏と仏教をめぐる
           予備的考察―」

  江川式部「唐代の沙門勅葬について」

  石野智大「武周村落制度史料の復原的研究―永清県文化館蔵「金輪石幢」の実見
           調査をもとに―」

  速水大「開元二二年の唐と契丹」

  岡野誠「唐玄宗期の県令誡励二碑と公文書書式について
    ―山東臨沂「勅処分県令碑」と陝西乾県「令長新誡碑」―」

  北川俊昭「杜佑列伝考―その人物像をめぐって―」

  林韻柔「唐代「巡礼」活動的建立与開展」

  万晋「唐安史之乱後的河南尹」

  髙瀬奈津子「穆宗期・文宗期における財政三司の人事の変遷と財政経営」

  小島浩之「唐代後半期の官僚人事と八儁」

  王国尭「中唐儒学復興運動与晩唐五代儒学」

  陳涛「唐宋時期制墨業重心南移補論」

  羅翠恂「唐宋代四川地域の千手千眼観音菩薩像」

  大島幸代「敦煌地域における騎獅文殊像の馭者像について―胡人馭者と
                于闐王―」
 
    櫻井智美「モンゴル時代の済瀆祭祀―唐代以来の岳瀆祭祀の位置づけの中で―」
 
    梶山智史「屠本『十六国春秋』序文輯録訳注(一)」
 
    衛麗「対晋陝蒙交界地帯農牧文化変遷的歴史考察」
 
    河内春人「西大寺出土イスラム陶器の流通」
 
    田頭賢太朗「律令軍事制度における部隊編成について―日唐の比較を中心に―」

 《修士論文要旨》(2013年度)
 《彙報》(2013年度)
 《編集後記》


Thursday, April 7, 2016

[Dissertation] Han Dynasty (206BC-AD220) Stone Carved Tombs in Central and Eastern China

Author:
Li Chen 李晨

School:
University of Oxford

Advisor:
Rawson, Jessica

Year:
2015

Abstract:


This thesis studies Han Dynasty stone carved tombs in Central and Eastern China. These multi-chambered tombs were constructed from carved stone slabs, and were very popular among the Han people. However, such horizontal stone structures were entirely new, and were a result of outside stimuli rather than an independent development within China. The stone carved tombs were a result of imitating royal rock-cut tombs, while the rock-cut tombs were stimulated by foreign examples. Moreover, many details of stone carved tombs also had Western features. These exotic elements were incorporated to satisfy specific requirements of the Han people, and reflected the desire to assimilate exotica within Chinese traditions. Some details within stone carved tombs showed high level of stone working technologies with Western influences. 

But in general the level of stone construction of the Han period was relatively low. The methods of construction showed how unfamiliar the Western system was to the Han artisans. Han Dynasty stone carved tombs were hybrids of different techniques, including timber, brick and stone works. From these variations, Han people could choose certain types of tombs to satisfy their specific ritual and economic needs. Not only structures, but also pictorial decorations of stone carved tombs were innovations. The range of image motifs is quite limited. Similar motifs can be found in almost every tomb. Such similarities were partly due to the artisans, who worked in workshops and used repertoires for the carving of images. But these also suggest that the tombs were decorated for certain purposes with a given functional template. Together with different patterns of burial objects and their settings, such images formed a way through which the Han people gave meaning to the afterworld. 

After their heyday, stone carved tombs ceased being constructed in the Central Plains as the Han Empire collapsed. However, they set a model for later tombs. The idea of building horizontal stone chamber tombs spread to Han borderlands, and gradually went further east to the Korean Peninsula. The legacy and spread of the Chinese masonry tradition was closely related to the political circumstances of late Han and post-Han period. The spread of stone chamber tombs in Northeast Asia is presented as a part of a long history of interactions between different parts of Eurasia.

Monday, April 4, 2016

The Path: What Chinese Philosophers Can Teach Us About the Good Life

Authors:
Michael Puett and Christine Gross-Loh

Publisher: 
Simon & Schuster 

Publication Date:
April 5, 2016




Abstract:

For the first time an award-winning Harvard professor shares his wildly popular course on classical Chinese philosophy, showing you how these ancient ideas can guide you on the path to a good life today.

Why is a course on ancient Chinese philosophers one of the most popular at Harvard?

It’s because the course challenges all our modern assumptions about what it takes to flourish. This is why Professor Michael Puett says to his students, “The encounter with these ideas will change your life.” As one of them told his collaborator, author Christine Gross-Loh, “You can open yourself up to possibilities you never imagined were even possible.”

These astonishing teachings emerged two thousand years ago through the work of a succession of Chinese scholars exploring how humans can improve themselves and their society. And what are these counterintuitive ideas? Good relationships come not from being sincere and authentic, but from the rituals we perform within them. Influence comes not from wielding power but from holding back. Excellence comes from what we choose to do, not our natural abilities. A good life emerges not from planning it out, but through training ourselves to respond well to small moments. Transformation comes not from looking within for a true self, but from creating conditions that produce new possibilities.

In other words, The Path upends everything we are told about how to lead a good life. Above all, unlike most books on the subject, its most radical idea is that there is no path to follow in the first place—just a journey we create anew at every moment by seeing and doing things differently.

Sometimes voices from the past can offer possibilities for thinking afresh about the future.

Table of Contents:

The age of complacency
The age of philosophy
On relationships: Confucius, and as-if ritual
On decisions: Mencius, and the capricious world
On influence: Laozi, and generating worlds
On vitality: the inward training, and being like a spirit
On spontaneity: Zhuangzi, and the world of transformation
On humanity: Xunzi, and putting pattern on the world
The age of possibility

Sunday, April 3, 2016

唐代の医薬書と敦煌文献

Author:
岩本篤志 (IWAMOTO Atsushi )

Publisher:
角川学芸

Publication Year:
2015




Abstract:
初年度は、多くの応募の中から本学文学部史学科の岩本篤志専任講師の『唐代の医薬書と敦煌文献』が選ばれました。本書は約300頁におよぶ充実した内容を誇るものであり、日本・中国・フランス・イギリスに分散する敦煌文献の断片から唐王朝の勅撰医薬書『新修本草』の復元と分析をおこなった画期的なものです。

Table of Contents:

導論 南北朝から隋唐の医薬と社会 — おもに出土文献とのかかわりからみた

第一部 北朝における医事制度 — 尚薬典御・徐之才を中心に
 第1章 北斉政権の成立と「南士」徐之才
 第2章 北斉・徐之才『薬対』と尚薬局の誕生 
    第3章 南北朝から隋唐への医薬書の継承ー『史記』正義・索隠所引『薬対』考

第二部 唐朝における医事制度と本草書 — 敦煌本『新修本草』の研究
 第4章 『新修本草』序例の研究ー敦煌秘笈本を中心に
 第5章 唐朝の医事政策と『新修本草』— 本草書と土貢
 第6章 紙背からみた敦煌における『新修本草』
 第7章 貝葉形本草考ー敦煌における本草書と社会
 第8章 敦煌本『新修本草』校注

第三部 西域出土文献と日本文化
     第9章 六朝隋唐五代と日本における『霊棋経』
     第10章 敦煌吐魯番「発病書」小考—ロシア・ドイツ蔵文献の試釈と『占事略決』と
     の比を通して

結論
あとがき 
索引
英文目次

Saturday, April 2, 2016

前漢国家構造の研究

Author:
楯身 智志 (Tatemi Satoshi)

Publisher:
早稲田大学出版部

Publication Date:
2016.3.5




Abstract:
前漢の皇帝は、爵位の賜与・剥奪を通じて、領域内に居住するあらゆる人々を上は諸侯王から下は刑徒に至るまで一つの秩序体系、「爵制的秩序」の下に序列化していた。

皇帝はいかなる意図の下で、どのような基準で人々を「爵制的秩序」に組み込んでいたのか。前漢における「爵制的秩序」の内部構造とその変化の背景を、とりわけ前漢前半期における「郡国制」から「実質的郡県制」への転換過程に注目しつつ検討する。

Table of Contents:

まえがき
図表目次
凡 例

序 章 先行研究の総括と問題の所在
はじめに
第一節 二十等爵制研究の総括
第二節 二十等爵制研究の問題点
第三節 「爵制的秩序」と前漢政治史研究
おわりに

第一章 民爵賜与の起源と変遷
はじめに
第一節 張家山漢簡「二年律令」より見る爵位継承と「傅」
第二節 秦における爵制の変遷過程
第三節 前漢初期における「傅」・民爵賜与
第四節 「傅」の改制と民爵賜与の頻発
おわりに

第二章 功臣層の形成――劉邦集団の内部構造と「諸侯子」・「宦皇帝者」
はじめに
第一節 秦末・楚漢抗争期における劉邦集団の内部構造とその変遷過程
第二節 前漢初期における劉邦集団の処遇
第三節 「宦皇帝者」再考
おわりに

第三章 高祖功臣位次考
はじめに
第一節 高祖功臣位次制定の経緯
第二節 高祖功臣列侯の特権的地位と宗廟祭祀――「封爵之誓」と酎祭
第三節 景帝元年宗廟制度改革と高祖功臣列侯の消滅
おわりに

第四章 「郡国制」の形成と展開
はじめに
第一節 彭城戦前夜の国際秩序――漢元年八月~漢二年四月
第二節 項羽包囲網の形成と「郡国制」――漢二年五月~漢五年十二月
第三節 同姓諸侯王封建の端緒――高祖五年十二月~高祖六年十二月
第四節 劉氏の天下の形成と展開――高祖六年十二月~
おわりに
附論 関内侯の成立と展開

第五章 官吏登用制度の変遷と「官爵」の形成
はじめに
第一節 秦の人材登用制度
第二節 前漢初期における推薦保証制度の諸相
第三節 察挙制度の確立と「官爵」の形成
おわりに

第六章 劉氏淮南王国の興亡
はじめに
第一節 劉長の悲劇
第二節 淮南王国の復活と再編 ――淮南復活論の展開と劉長遺児の動向
第三節 劉安謀反事件の政治的背景
おわりに
附論 推恩の令再考

第七章 宗正の政治的役割より見た皇帝・諸侯王関係
はじめに
第一節 宗正の職掌
第二節 宗正の人選基準
第三節 宗正輩出王家より見た皇帝・諸侯王関係の変遷
おわりに

終章 総括と展望
第一節 総括
第二節 展望

附章 帝賜の構造と「爵制的秩序」
はじめに
第一節 「二年律令」賜律と帝賜事例
第二節 帝賜の実施機会とその目的
第三節 漢代の国家構造と「爵制的秩序」
おわりに

引用参考文献
初出一覧
あとがき
人名索引
事項索引
英文要旨

Friday, April 1, 2016

Ancient Chinese Encyclopedia of Technology: Translation and Annotation of Kaogong ji (the Artificers' Record) 考工記

Author:
Jun Wenren

Publication Year:
2012

Publisher:
Routledge





Abstract:

This book presents the first translation into English of the full text of the Kaogong ji. This classic work, described by the great scholar of the history of Chinese science and technology Joseph Needham as "the most important document for the study of ancient Chinese technology", dates from the fifth century BC and forms part of the Zhouli (The Rites of the Zhou Dynasty), one of the great Confucian classics. The text itself describes the techniques of working and the technologies used by over twenty different kinds of craftsmen and artificers, such as metal workers, chariot makers, weapon makers, music instrument makers, potters and master builders. This edition, besides providing the full text in English, also provides a substantial introduction and other supporting explanatory material, over one hundred illustrations of ancient Chinese artefacts, and the original Chinese text itself.

Table of Contents:

PART I --

1. Opening paragraphs --
2. Wheelwrights (lunren) --
3. Chariot-basket makers (yuren) --
4. Pole makers (zhouren) --
5. Metal workers (gong jin zhi gong) --
6. Forging founders (zhushi), smelting founders (yeshi), and sword smiths      (taoshi) --
7. Bell founders (fushi) --
8. Measure makers (lishi), plough makers (duanshi) (lost) --
9. Cuirass makers (hanren) --
10. Skinners (baoren) --
11. Drum makers (yunren), tanners (weishi) (lost), and furriers (qiushi) (lost) --
12. Painters (huaren), embroiderers (huiren) --
13. Feather dyers (zhongshi), silk printers (kuangren) (lost) --
14. Silk cleaners (huangshi) --

PART II --

15. Jade makers (yuren), comb makers (jieren) (lost), and carvers (diaoren) (lost) --
16. Stone-chime makers (qingshi) --
17. Arrow makers (shiren) --
18. Potters (taoren), proto-porcelain makers (fangren) --
19. Cabinet makers (ziren) --
20. Weapon-handle makers (luren) --
21. Master-builders, builders, and carpenters (jiangren) --
22. Cartwrights (cheren) --
23. Bow makers (gongren).