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Friday, May 27, 2016

The Circulation of Astronomical Knowledge in the Ancient World

Editor: 
John M. Steele

Publication Year: 
2016

Publisher:
Brill





Abstract:

Astronomical and astrological knowledge circulated in many ways in the ancient world: in the form of written texts and through oral communication; by the conscious assimilation of sought-after knowledge and the unconscious absorption of ideas to which scholars were exposed. The Circulation of Astronomical Knowledge in the Ancient World explores the ways in which astronomical knowledge circulated between different communities of scholars over time and space, and what was done with that knowledge when it was received. Examples are discussed from Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Greco-Roman world, India, and China.

Table of Contents:

Front Matter
pp i –x

Introduction
pp 1 –4

The Brown School of the History of Science: Historiography and the Astral Sciences
pp 5 –17

Astral Knowledge in an International Age: Transmission of the Cuneiform Tradition, ca. 1500–1000 B.C.
pp 18 –54

Traditions of Mesopotamian Celestial-Divinatory Schemes and the 4th Tablet of Šumma Sin ina Tāmartišu
pp 55 –82

The Circulation of Astronomical Knowledge between Babylon and Uruk
pp 83 –118

The Micro-Zodiac in Babylon and Uruk: Seleucid Zodiacal Astrology
pp 119 –138

Virtual Moons over Babylonia: The Calendar Text System, Its Micro-Zodiac of 13, and the Making of Medical Zodiology
pp 139 –229

On the Concomitancy of the Seemingly Incommensurable, or Why Egyptian Astral Tradition Needs to be Analyzed within Its Cultural Context
pp 230 –244

Some Astrologers and Their Handbooks in Demotic Egyptian
pp 245 –286

The Anaphoricus of Hypsicles of Alexandria
pp 287 –315

Interpolated Observations and Historical Observational Records in Ptolemy’s Astronomy
pp 316 –349

Mesopotamian Lunar Omens in Justinian’s Constantinople
pp 350 –395

A Parallel Universe: The Transmission of Astronomical Terminology in Early Chinese Almanacs (Ethan Harkness)
pp 396 –415

Mercury and the Case for Plural Planetary Traditions in Early Imperial China
(Daniel Patrick Morgan)
pp 416 –450

Calendrical Systems in Early Imperial China: Reform, Evaluation and Tradition
(Yuzhen Guan)
pp 451 –477

The Twelve Signs of the Zodiac during the Tang and Song Dynasties: A Set of Signs Which Lost Their Meanings within Chinese Horoscopic Astrology
pp 478 –526

On the Dunhuang Manuscript P.4071: A Case Study on the Sinicization of Western Horoscope in Late 10th Century China
pp 527 –558

Were Planetary Models of Ancient India Strongly Influenced by Greek Astronomy?
pp 559 –575

Indexes
pp 577 –585

Sunday, May 22, 2016

Tang Dynasty Tales: A Guided Reader - Volume 2

Editor:
William H. Nienhauser

Publisher:
World Scientific

Publication Date:
30 Mar 2016




Abstract:

This volume supplements Tang Tales, A Guided Reader (Volume 1; 2010) and presents twelve more Tang tales, going beyond the standard corpus of these narratives to include six stories translated into English for the first time. The rich annotation and translator's notes for these twelve tales provide insights into many aspects of Tang material culture and medieval thought, including Buddhism and Daoism. In addition to meticulously annotated translations, the book offers original texts (with some textual notes), and commentaries in the form of translator's notes, thereby joining the first volume of Tang tales as the only collections that introduce students to Tang tales while also challenging specialists interested in the field.

Table of Contents:

Annotated Translations of Twelve Tang Tales:
"The Tale of the Supernatural Marriage at Dongting" (Li Chaowei )
"Zhang Lao" (Li Liang )
"Yin Tianxiang" (Shen Fen )
"Xue Yi" (Dai Fu )
"An Account of Feng Yan" and "Record of a Dream of Qin" (Shen Yazhi )
"Biography of Ge Hua, Marquis of Xiapi" (Anonymous)
"Mid-rivers" (Liu Zongyuan )
"Scholar Cui" (Niu Sengru )
"Third Lady of Plank Bridge Inn" (Xue Yusi )
"An Account of Xie Xiao'e" (Li Gongzuo )
"Monk Qixiu" (Zhang Du )

Wednesday, May 18, 2016

[Dissertation] My Neighbor the Barbarian: Immigrant Neighborhoods in Classical Athens, Imperial Rome, and Tang Chang’an

Author:
Ryan Russell Abrecht

School:
University of California, Santa Barbara

Year:
2014

Advisory Committee: 
John Lee, Paul Spickard, Anthony Barbieri-Low.

Abstract:

How does gaining an empire change the conqueror? Why is the assimilation of new populations, goods, and ideas sometimes seen as a marker of a people's greatness, and at other times as a dangerous threat from within? This project analyzes immigration to three capital cities: Athens (5th-4 th centuries BCE), Rome (1st-4th centuries CE), and Chang'an, capital of Tang dynasty China (7th-10 th centuries CE). It analyzes ancient textual and archaeological evidence through the lens of borderland theory to argue that the boundaries surrounding immigrant neighborhoods transformed each of these iconic cities into urban borderlands where ideas of social otherness had physical analogues. It was in these urban borderlands that the problem of how to accommodate new populations into existing structures of imperial domination was worked out.

In their respective heydays, Athens, Rome, and Chang'an functioned as centers of government, economic powerhouses, global schools, sites of religious pilgrimage, and tourist attractions. Many of the diverse immigrants they attracted settled in the neighborhoods at the center of this analysis: Athens' port of Piraeus, Rome's Trans Tiberim district, and Northwest Chang'an. These communities stood out as "small worlds" within their cities at large, where ethnic, linguistic, and cultural differences overlapped with physical boundaries such as rivers, roads, and walls. Residents carved out places for themselves in their new homes by learning how to skillfully navigate these boundaries. Whether by traversing the urban landscape during their daily commute, participating in civic or religious ceremonies, or attending festivals and entertainments, newcomers came into contact with locals on a daily basis. These interactions blurred lines between "us" and "them" in ways that called into question the limits of national identity and, depending on the circumstances, could either fan the flames of xenophobia or nurture new cultural syntheses. In this sense, life at the center of the Athenian, Roman, and Tang empires resembled that on their outer frontiers, where "civilized" insiders and "barbarian" outsiders lived poised between intimate coexistence and violent rejection. Assessing these imperial capitals as urban borderlands allows us see that this tension was not an aberration or strictly a regional phenomenon. It was quite literally built into the heart of all three empires.

Monday, May 16, 2016

隋唐佛教文物史論考 Essays on the History of Buddhist Antiquities from the Sui and Tang Periods

Author:
礪波 護 (TONAMI Mamoru)

Publisher:
法藏館

Publication Date:
2016.5.12




Table of Contents:

第Ⅰ部 隋唐の佛敎と國家

第一章 天壽國と重興佛法の菩薩天子と

第二章 法琳の事蹟にみる唐初の佛敎・道敎と國家

第三章 嵩岳少林寺碑考
 コラム1 嵩岳少林寺碑

第四章 玄祕塔碑考

第五章 文物に現れた北朝隋唐の佛敎
 コラム2 塚本善隆著『大石佛』
 コラム3 京都大學人文科學硏究所の宗敎硏究室

附章 禮敬問題:東晉から唐代まで

第Ⅱ部 祀天神と釋奠

第一章 中國の天神・雷神と日本の天神信仰

第二章 唐代の釋奠
 コラム1 寒⻝展墓の開始

第三章 釋迢空『死者の書』と唐代の宗敎

附章 「兩晉時代から大唐世界帝國へ」補遺
 コラム2 E・H・シェーファー著 『サマルカンドの金の桃:唐代の異國文物の硏究』序言

第Ⅲ部 隋唐の石刻

第一章 唐代長安の石刻:その社會的・政治的背景
 コラム1 決定版『雲岡石窟』:世界に誇る石窟寺院硏究の金字塔

第二章 京都大學所藏の唐墓誌

第三章 魏徵撰の李密墓誌銘:石刻と文集との間
 コラム2 魏徵の李密墓誌銘

第Ⅳ部 遣隋使と遣唐使

第一章 遣隋使と遣唐使

第二章 遣唐使の二つの墓誌:美努岡萬と井眞成
 コラム1 圓仁:日本最初の大師「慈覺大師」の見聞記
 コラム2 「漢俳」第一號に寄せて

第三章 唐代の過所と公驗

附章 入唐僧と旅行記

初出一覽
後記

索引

Sunday, May 15, 2016

Exemplarische Rechtsfälle vom Beginn der Han-Dynastie: Eine kommentierte Übersetzung des Zouyanshu aus Zhangjiashan/Provinz Hubei

* 張家山漢簡《奏讞書》德文譯本

Authors and Translators:
Ulrich Lau and Michael Lüdke

Publisher:
Tokyo : Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), Tokyo University of Foreign Studies

Publication Year:
2012




Abstract:

The Zouyanshu is a collection of legal case records from the early 2nd century BCE. Together with other recently discovered sources, it has in many respects fundamentally altered our view not only of the law, but also of state, society, and everyday life in the formative years of the establishment of the Chinese empire. The Zouyanshu thus provides important background information for the understanding of activities in all spheres of life in early China, including divination and fate-manipulation. The monograph contains a complete translation of the Zouyanshu, together with introductory information and a detailed documentation of all legal and non-legal matters touched upon in this case collection.


**中文讀者可以參考以下書評
《漢初典型訴訟案例》-首部研究湖北張家山漢簡《奏讞書》的西方語言專著 呂德凱, 勞武利,收錄於中國古代法律文獻研究(第7輯)


Friday, May 13, 2016

Peace and Peril: Sima Qian's Portrayal of Han-Xiongnu Relations

Author:
Markley, Jonathan

Publisher:
Turnhout : Brepols

Publication Year:
2016




Abstract:

The present volume provides a critical study of Sima Qian’s portrayal of the relations between the Han Dynasty and Xiongnu and offers a more accurate narrative of the events. Emperor Wu is generally recognized as the greatest ruler of the Han Dynasty, and his wars against the steppe warrior Xiongnu as one of his greatest undertakings. To the chief narrator of these events, ancient Chinese historian Sima Qian, the turning point in Han Dynasty history was the way Emperor Wu had abandoned the policy of peaceful relations with the Xiongnu, and launched China on a series of campaigns that would last for decades. This has been almost universally accepted as “truth” in modern scholarship, but these claims cannot be taken at face value.

Firstly, this book identifies ways in which the Shiji account is riddled with inconsistencies and deliberately misleading information, and provides explanations for this. He hid signs of rising disquiet with the peace policy of earlier rulers, and concealed indications that for at least two decades China’s leadership had been searching for alternatives.

Secondly, the work reconstructs a more accurate narrative of events for one hundred years of Han – Xiongnu relations than can be gained by a straight-forwarding reading of individual chapters of the Shiji. A narrative emerges of an historian with an agenda, and of a century of Han – Xiongnu relations that is markedly different from any previously produced.

Tuesday, May 10, 2016

Views from Within, Views from Beyond: Approaches to the Shiji as an Early Work of Historiography

Editors:
Hans van Ess, Olga Lomová, and Dorothee Schaab-Hanke

Publication Year:
2015

Publisher:
Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz Verlag




Abstract:

This is not simply one more out of the many works that have already been written on the Shiji, the “Records of the Scribes” or perhaps “Historical Records,” authored by the two Western Han historians Sima Tan (?-110 BCE) and his son Sima Qian (c. 145-c. 86 BCE). It is rather the joint effort of about a dozen established scholars of the field to approach this early masterpiece of both historiography and literature with some refreshingly new questions and working hypotheses.

The authors of this volume originally gathered at a conference entitled “Shiji and Beyond,” organized by the Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation International Sinological Center in Prague in December 2011. This was the third conference on the Shiji in a series started by Professor Lee Chi-hsiang at Fo Guang University in Taiwan in 2008. Its organizers have tried to bring together scholars who have been actively promoting Shiji studies in Taiwan, the US, Canada, and several European countries.

The majority of the papers presented at the Prague workshop are collected here. They are now divided into two sections entitled “Views from Within” and “Views from Beyond.” Such an arrangement seems plausible to the editors, because almost all of the papers either have their main focus on a reading of the text itself or look at its later reception.

Table of Contents:

Introduction 1

I Views from Within

Bernhard Fuehrer
Sima Qian as a Reader of Master Kong’s Utterances ……………………………… 9

Juri L. Kroll
Toward a Study of the Concept of Linear Time in the Shiji ……………………… 31

Chi-hsiang Lee 李紀祥
Sima Qian’s View of Zhou History in Shiji《史記》中司馬遷的「周史觀」………… 41

Hans van Ess
The Friends of Sima Tan and Sima Qian ………………………………… 67

Wai-yee Li
Historical Understanding in “The Account of the Xiongnu” in the Shiji ……… 79

Giulia Baccini
The Shiji chapter “Guji Liezhuan” (Traditions of Witty Remonstrants):
A Source to Look for Rhetorical Strategies in Early China ………………… 103

Michael Nylan
Assets Accumulating:
Sima Qian’s Perspective on Moneymaking, Virtue, and History ………………… 131

II Views from Beyond

Béatrice L’Haridon
The Merchants in Shiji: An Interpretation in the Light of Later Debates …171

Dorothee Schaab-Hanke
Inheritor of a Subversive Mind?
Approaching Yang Yun from his Letter to Sun Huizong …………………… 193

Stephen Durrant
Ban Biao, Ban Gu, Their Five Shiji Sources,
and the Curious Case of Chu Han chunqiu ……………………………………… 217 

William H. Nienhauser, Jr.
Takigawa Kametarō and His Contributions to the Study of the Shiji …… 243

Christoph Harbsmeier
Living up to Contrasting Portraiture: Plutarch on Alexander the Great
and Sima Qian on the First Qin Emperor ………………………………………… 263 

Monday, May 9, 2016

[Conference] New Frontiers in the Study of Medieval China: On Muzhiming

Organizers:
Jessey Choo (Rutgers), Alexei Ditter (Reed College) & Yang Lu (Peking University)

Date:
2016.5.23-5.24

Venue:
Reed College

Description:

The New Frontiers in the Study of Medieval China workshop series will focus on one of the most important and influential new sources in the study of medieval China, muzhiming—stone slabs interred within a tomb and typically inscribed with a biography, an account of the burial, and a rhymed eulogy. Excavated by the thousands in recent decades and with new finds occurring almost daily, muzhiming are a unique cultural form of commemorative epigraphy through which contemporary scholars can explore a diverse range of artistic, literary, religious, and economic practices. As such, the workshop series explores fundamental questions about the nature of and approaches to muzhiming. The participants of the workshop are among the leading scholars of medieval China and muzhiming from Asia, Europe and the US and from the disciplines of Art History, History, Literature, and Religion. It is intended that conversations begun between workshop participants through translation, close reading of specific examples of muzhiming, and broader discussions will generate methodologies and resources useful to future research on aspects of medieval China often understudied in Western scholarship.

Schedule:

Monday, May 23


8:15-8:45
Breakfast
8:45-9:00
Welcoming Remarks
9:00-10:00
Keynote Speech: RONG Xinjiang (Peking University)
“Entombed Epitaph of Chisishan: A Glimpse of the Life of the Hu-barbarian in Tang dynasty Chang’an” 唐朝长安的胡人生活一瞥 —— 以《炽俟辿墓志》为中心
10:10-11:00
Tim Davis (Brigham Young University)
“The Entombed Epitaph for His Excellency Tao, the Great Wei's Grand Counselor of Splendid Beneficence with Silver Seal and Azure Ribbon, Minister of Instruction, Overseer of the Affairs of the Secretariat, and Supervisor of Military Affairs for Jing, Xiang, and Other Provinces” 《大魏故銀青光錄大夫 、司徒並錄尚書事、 都督荊、湘,等州諸軍事, 陶公墓誌》
11:10-12:00
Stephanie Balkwill (University of Southern California)
“The tomb memorial of the Nun Ciyi from the Jade Sparkle Nunnery of the Northern Wei” 《魏瑤光寺尼慈義墓誌銘》
12:00-1:20
Lunch
1:20-2:10
LUO Xin (Peking University)
“The Buddhist Nun Ciqing’s Epitaph” 《魏故比丘尼慈慶統墓誌銘》
2:20-3:10
Stephen Bokenkamp (Arizona State University)
“Rhymed Inscription on the Former Tang Transcendent Officer of Great Virtue, Granted the Purple [Sash], the Ritual Master Three Refulgences of Upper Clarity Rank [who resided in] the Belvedere of Jade Asterisms in the Interior [Women’s Quarters of the Palace], with Preface” 《唐故内玉晨观上清大洞三景法师赐紫大德仙官铭并序》
3:20-4:10
Paul Kroll (University of Colorado Boulder)
“Epitaph Inscription for the Honorable Lord Li, Formerly Intendant-in-Chief of Zhuangzhou, with Preface” 《唐故莊州都督李府君誌銘並序
“Epitaph Inscription for the Darkling Palace of the Former Reverend Master Zhang, Savant of the Three Grottoes, from the Dahong Abbey of the Eastern Capital of Great Tang, with Preface” 《大唐故東京大弘道觀三洞先生張尊師玄宮誌銘並序》
4:10-4:30
Coffee Break
4:30-5:30

Roundtable
Wang Ping (University of Washington), LU Yang (Peking University), and Jessey Choo (Rutgers University, moderator)

Tuesday, May 24

8:30-9:00
Breakfast
9:00-10:00
MENG Xianshi (Peking University)
“Assessing the Rise and Fall of the Family of the ‘Accomplished Official of an Era’ [Zhangsun Wuji 長孫無忌 (594–659)] from the Entombed Epitaph of Zhangsun Quanyi” 從《長孫全義墓誌》看一代功臣之家的沈浮
10:10-11:00
Jessey Choo (Rutgers University)
Muzhi of the Late [Lady] Zhangsun, the Wife of Wang Meichang, the Late Prefect of Runzhou of the Great Zhou” 《大周故潤州刺史王美暢夫人故長孫氏墓志》
“Niche Inscription with Preface of Madame Liu of Pengcheng, the Wife of Master Huang, the Administer of the Anxiang Commendary of the Great Tang” 《大唐故安鄉郡長史黃府君夫人彭城劉氏龕銘并序》
11:10-12:00
David McMullen (University of Cambridge)
 “Tomb text for His Excellency Li, Late Zhongshan dafu, Vice-president of the Board of Justice in the Department of Affairs of State, Upper Pillar of State, Baron in the Order of the Foundation of the Dynasty,  posthumously promoted to be President   of the Board of Works” 《唐故中大夫尚書刑部侍郎上柱國隴西縣開國男贈工部尚書李公墓誌銘》
12:00-1:20
Lunch
1:20-2:10
YAO Ping (California State University-Los Angeles)
“Epitaph for the Short-lived Wang Lie of the Great Tang” 《大唐殇子王烈墓志铭并序》
2:20-3:10
Anna Shields (Princeton University)
“Epitaph with Preface for the District Magistrate of Juye in Former Dongping Prefecture, Master Li [Cui 璀] of Dunqiu (677-748), Composed by the Gentleman for Court Audiences Serving as Deputy Magistrate of Luoyang County in Henan Prefecture, Wei Yingwu (737-791)” 《大唐故東平郡鉅野縣令頓丘李府君墓志銘並序朝請郎行 河南府洛陽縣丞韋應物撰》
 “Epitaph with Preface for the Former District Defender of Chen District, Lord Li [Ye 燁, 826-860] of the Zhaojun Li clan, Composed by his Cousin and Provincial Tribute Examination Graduate [Li] Jun” 《唐故郴縣尉趙郡李君墓志銘並序從弟鄉貢進士濬撰》
3:20-4:10
Alexei Ditter (Reed College)
“Self-Written Tomb Epitaph Inscription and Preface for Han Chang, Late Gentleman for Court Discussion, Acting Director in the Ministry of Revenue and Concurrent Administrative Aide in the Xiang Region, Supreme Pillar of the State of the Tang”《唐故朝議郎檢校尚書戶部郎中兼襄州別駕上柱國韓昶自為墓志銘并序》
“Tomb Epitaph Inscription and Preface for Master Pei Gong, Late Gentleman for Court Discussion, Magistrate of Wangwu District of the Henan Superior Prefecture,  and Supreme Pillar of the State of the Tang”《唐故朝議郎河南府王屋縣令上柱國裴珙府君墓志銘并序自撰》
4:10-4:30
Coffee Break
4:30-5:30

Roundtable
Patricia Ebrey (University of Washington), LU Yang (Peking University), and Alexei Ditter (moderator)

Link:

A New Approach to Chinese Intellectual History

A new approach to Chinese intellectual history : with a focus on modes of scholarship and their transmission from the pre-Ch‘in to T‘ang periods. Acta Asiatica : Bulletin of the Institute of Eastern Culture, 109, August 2015, 106 p.

Publisher: 
Tokyo : Tōhō Gakkai

Table of Contents:

KOMINAMI Ichirō (小南一郎): Introduction

KOMINAMI Ichirō (小南一郎): The school system in ancient China

SHIN Hyeon (辛賢): Aspects of study of the Confucian Classics during the Han: The formation of cosmological “knowledge”

YOSHIKAWA Tadao (吉川忠夫):. “Family scholarship” during the Six dynasties and its milieu

FUNAYAMA Tōru (船山徹):Buddhism during the Liang dynasty: Some of its characteristics as a form of scholarship

Thursday, May 5, 2016

三國志よりみた邪馬臺國―国際関係と文化を中心として―

Author:
渡邉義浩 (Watanabe, Yoshihiro)

Publisher:
汲古書院

Publication Year:
2016/4/28




Table of Contents:

序 章 邪馬臺國論争と三國時代の国際関係・文化

第一篇 三國時代の国際関係と魏志倭人傳

 第一章 後漢の匈奴・烏桓政策と袁紹

 第二章 後漢の羌・鮮卑政策と董卓

 第三章 曹魏の異民族政策

 第四章 諸葛亮の外交政策

 第五章 孫吳の国際秩序と亶州

 第六章 国際関係よりみた倭人傳

第二篇 魏志倭人傳の世界観と三國・西晉時代の文化

 第七章 三國時代の文化と倭人傳の世界観

 第八章 鄭玄の經學と西高穴一号墓

 第九章 孫吳の正統性と國山碑

 第十章 張華『博物志』の世界観

 終 章 邪馬臺國の真実/附 篇 魏志倭人傳譯注

 文献表/あとがき

【「終章 邪馬臺國の真実」より】(抜粋)