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Thursday, December 14, 2017

[Dissertation] Negotiating Boundaries: Cross-Border Migrants in Early Medieval China

Author:
Wen-Yi Huang

School:
McGill University

Defended:
2017

Abstract:

      This dissertation is the first full-length study of cross-border migrants in early medieval China. Its focus is on the nearly four hundred southern migrants, who moved, as war captives or as asylum seekers, to the Northern Wei (386-534 CE) from the three successive southern states of Song (420-479 CE), Qi (479-502 CE), and Liang (502-557 CE). It provides a bottom-up approach to early medieval interstate politics, and adds a human dimension to it.  It also offers an historical perspective on contemporary issues on migration and integration. . 
      Scholars have long recognized the four hundred years between the Han (206 BCE-220 CE) and Tang dynasties (618-916 CE) as an era of great migrations, migrations that transformed the political and cultural landscapes of southern and northern China. In this multi-power period, large-scale migrations, internal or external, occurred most frequently under the watch of the Northern Wei regime, and the Northern Wei government played an active role in facilitating and controlling migration. Accordingly, primary sources on displaced persons, especially southern migrants, who went to Northern Wei, are relatively abundant, which give an up-close picture of a group of people long neglected in Chinese history.
      My thesis employs a wide variety of primary sources. It includes, besides received textual records (official and unofficial histories, geographical texts, Buddhist hagiographies, anecdotes, and legal texts), also excavated funerary inscriptions, and archaeological materials. Theoretically grounded, it draws inspiration from literature on boundary work theory in other parts of the world to examine the dynamics of inclusion and exclusion at play between southern migrants and the Northern Wei government, between southern migrants and Northern Wei elites, and within the communities of southern migrants. 
      This project consists of four chapters. The first chapter, “People on the Move,” presents an overview of the cross-border migrants under study. It examines different patterns of side-changing and stresses the diversity among cross-border migrants. The remainder of the dissertation is a social history of cross-border migrants. 
      Chapter 2, “State and Cross-Border Migrants,” centers on the physical side of boundary work by looking into Northern Wei policies to control migration, including the bureaucratic terminology on border crossers, the identity verification process of migrants, and the rewards and punishments foreseen and doled out.
      Chapter 3, “Integration of Cross-Border Migrants,” investigates the extent to which cross-border migrants were integrated into the host society. It first analyzes how the Northern Wei elites erected boundaries between themselves and newcomers, particularly by means of food and language. It then discusses southern migrants’ varying survival strategies, ranging from the quotidian act of eating northern foods to long-term tactics of marriage alliances with northern leading families, recreating their local bases in the north, and utilizing migrant networks.
      The fourth chapter, “Those Who Were Left Behind,” explores the negative consequences of cross-border migration on the migrants’ families left behind in the south, including the difficulties of ransoming migrants, the problems of repatriating migrants’ remains for burial, and the inheritance issues caused by the double marriage of their husband or father at both sides of the border.

Thursday, December 7, 2017

Heavenly Numbers : Astronomy and Authority in Early Imperial China

Author:
Christopher Cullen

Publication Date:
16 November 2017

Publisher:
Oxford University Press




Abstract:

This book is a history of the development of mathematical astronomy in China, from the late third century BCE, to the early 3rd century CE - a period often referred to as 'early imperial China'. It narrates the changes in ways of understanding the movements of the heavens and the heavenly bodies that took place during those four and a half centuries, and tells the stories of the institutions and individuals involved in those changes. It gives clear explanations of technical practice in observation, instrumentation, and calculation, and the steady accumulation of data over many years - but it centres on the activity of the individual human beings who observed the heavens, recorded what they saw, and made calculations to analyse and eventually make predictions about the motions of the celestial bodies. It is these individuals, their observations, their calculations, and the words they left to us that provide the narrative thread that runs through this work. Throughout the book, the author gives clear translations of original material that allow the reader direct access to what the people in this book said about themselves and what they tried to do.

Table of Contents:

1: The astronomical empire
2: Li in everyday life: dates and calendars
3: The Emperor's Grand Inception, and the defeat of the Grand Clerk
4: The Triple Concordance system & Liu Xin's 劉歆 'Grand Unified Theory'
5: The measures and forms of heaven
6: Restoration and re-creation in the Eastern Han
7: The age of debates
8: Liu Hong 劉洪 and the conquest of the moon
9: Epilogue

Darstellung Des Bogenschiessens in Bronzeinschriften Der West-Zhou-Zeit (1045-771 V.Chr.), Die: Eine Philologische Quellenanalyse

Author:
Adamski, Susanne

Publisher:
Harrassowitz

Publication date:
1 June 2017


Abstract:

Das laut überlieferter konfuzianischer Texte überwiegend als „Ritual“ klassifizierte und mit bestimmter Funktion und Symbolik versehene Bogenschießen, das vom Westlichen Zhōu-Adel (1045-771 v.Chr.) praktiziert wurde, tritt auch in originären Bronzeinschriften jener Zeit zutage. Die bisherige Forschung hat sich zwar vereinzelt mit diesem Phänomen auseinandergesetzt, zeigt sich jedoch teilweise von späteren Quellen beeinflusst oder berücksichtigt unterschiedliche grafische, syntaktische und semantische Deutungsmöglichkeiten der Inschriften nur unzureichend. Die vorliegende Studie untersucht daher, welche Merkmale des Bogenschießens in den Primärquellen tatsächlich feststellbar sind, und liefert erstmals eine vollständig nachvollziehbare, umfassend annotierte Transkription und Übersetzung von fünf Bronzeinschriften der West-Zhōu-Zeit, die das Bogenschießen thematisieren. Ausführliche Glossen erörtern epigrafische Probleme und Aspekte des historisch-gesellschaftlichen Kontextes. 

Im Rahmen der Einzelanalysen, die mehrere Übersetzungsmöglichkeiten einbeziehen, untersucht Susanne Adamski, welche möglichen Funktionen aus Wortlaut und Aufbau der jeweiligen Inschrift abzuleiten sind und ob das dort dargestellte Bogenschießen wirklich als „Ritual“ im Sinne sowohl heutiger Ritualdefinitionen als auch der tradierten Ritenliteratur auszumachen ist. Bisherige sinologische Annahmen werden dabei widerlegt. Die Studie bietet in dieser Form eine neue Herangehensweise an die Analyse von Bronzeinschriften als historisch-gesellschaftliche Dokumente und richtet sich an Sinologen und Historiker mit Interesse an der frühchinesischen Gesellschaft und Epigrafik.

Table of Contents:

Danksagung
Regierungsdaten der West-Zhōu-zeitlichen Herrscher
Vorbemerkungen

1. Einleitung
1.1 Gegenstand der Untersuchung
1.2 Forschungsstand
1.3 Methode und Inschriftenkorpus

2. Analysen West-Zhōu-zeitlicher Bronzeinschriften zum Bogenschießen 
2.1 Analyse der „Mài fāngzūn 麦方尊“-Inschrift
2.1.1 Transkription und Übersetzung der „Mài fāngzūn“-Inschrift
2.1.2 Glossen
2.1.3 Inhaltsangabe der „Mài fāngzūn“-Inschrift
2.1.4 Inhaltsanalyse der „Mài fāngzūn“-Inschrift
2.2 Analyse der „Zuò Bóguǐ 柞伯簋“-Inschrift
2.2.1 Transkription und Übersetzung der „Zuò Bó guǐ“-Inschrift
2.2.2 Glossen
2.2.3 Inhaltsangabe der „Zuò Bó guǐ“-Inschrift
2.2.4 Inhaltsanalyse der „Zuò Bó guǐ“-Inschrift
2.3 Analyse der „Lìng dǐng 令鼎“-Inschrift
2.3.1 Transkription und Übersetzung der „Lìng dǐng“-Inschrift
2.3.2 Glossen
2.3.3 Inhaltsangabe der „Lìng dǐng“-Inschrift
2.3.4 Inhaltsanalyse der „Lìng dǐng“-Inschrift
2.4 Analyse der „Jìng guǐ 靜簋“-Inschrift
2.4.1 Transkription und Übersetzung der „Jìng guǐ“-Inschrift
2.4.2 Glossen
2.4.3 Inhaltsangabe der „Jìng guǐ“-Inschrift
2.4.4 Inhaltsanalyse der „Jìng guǐ“-Inschrift
2.5 Analyse der „Yì hégài 義盉盖“-Inschrift
2.5.1 Transkription und Übersetzung der „Yì hégài“-Inschrift
2.5.2 Glossen
2.5.3 Inhaltsangabe der „Yì hégài“-Inschrift
2.5.4 Inhaltsanalyse der „Yì hégài“-Inschrift

3. Auswertung: Zur Darstellung des Bogenschießens in
Bronzeinschriften der West-Zhōu-Zeit

4. Fazit: Zur kulturellen Bedeutung
des West-Zhōu-zeitlichen Bogenschießens

Literaturverzeichnis
Verzeichnisse
Indices 

Tuesday, November 28, 2017

Über den Alltag hinaus: Festschrift für Thomas O. Höllmann zum 65. Geburtstag

Editors:
Shing Müller and Armin Selbitschka

Publishing Date:
25.10.2017

Publisher:
Harrassowitz Verlag




Abstract:

In 21 Beiträgen ehren Schüler und Weggefährten aus München, Münster, Göttingen, Heidelberg, Cambridge und Oxford (GB), Los Angeles (CA), Tempe (AZ), Beijing und Shanghai den international renommierten Sinologen und nunmehr Präsidenten der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Thomas O. Höllmann anlässlich seines 65. Geburtstags. 

Höllmanns vielseitigen Forschungsinteressen Rechnung tragend vereint die Festschrift Untersuchungen aus den Bereichen Archäologie, Geschichte, Kunst, Philosophie und Ethnologie. Sie beleuchten verschiedenste Aspekte des täglichen Lebens vor allem in China vom Altertum bis in die Gegenwart. Dazu zählen ebenso die Aufnahme fremder Technologien in der Bronzeverarbeitung wie die Untersuchung von Ritualen und Wohnformen in der chinesischen Frühgeschichte, die Neubewertung zweier grundlegender Inschriftentexte aus der frühen Kaiserzeit wie die moderne Reinterpretation klassisch konfuzianischer Hochzeitsfeierlichkeiten. Ergänzt werden die Studien zur chinesischen Geschichte durch Beiträge zum Stadtleben der gebildeten Oberschicht im alten Indien und zum Leben mit Ruinen im antiken Rom. Auf diese Weise bietet dieser vielseitige Band nicht nur Sinologen, sondern auch archäologisch, geschichtswissenschaftlich, kunsthistorisch, philosophisch und ethnologisch interessierten Lesern zahlreiche Möglichkeiten, Neues zu entdecken.

Table of Contents:

Vorwort
Tabula gratulatoria
Schriftenverzeichnis

Hans van Ess, München
Mit Thomas Höllmann Tür an Tür

ALLTAG UND MEHR IM ALTEN CHINA

Jessica Rawson, Oxford
Bronze Vessels in Early China

Lothar von Falkenhausen, Los Angeles
Communication with the Divine Sphere in Ancient China

Maria Khayutina, München
Western Zhou Living Ambience: Earth-Sheltered Dwellings
in the Feng River Valley

Reinhard Emmerich, Münster
Chinas Zweiter Kaiser in neuem Lichte?

Armin Selbitschka, Shanghai
Quotidian Afterlife: Grain, Granary Models, and the Notion of Continuing
Nourishment in Late Pre-imperial and Early Imperial Tombs

Michael Loewe, Cambridge
Displaced Persons in Han China and the So-called “Mausoleum Towns”

Bai Yunxiang 白雲翔, Beijing

論漢代人生活中的魚和觀念中的魚
(Fish in Han China: Aesthetic, Symbolic, and Culinary Aspects)

Catrin Kost, München
Von Schmutzfinken, Saubermännern und Barbaren: Überlegungen
zur Stellung der Körperpflege im China der Han-Dynastie

Annette Kieser, Münster
Von Duftsäckchen und Schweinekoben: Toilettenmodelle
aus Gräbern der Sechs Dynastien in Südchina

Shing Müller, München
Zelte der Tuoba-Xianbei im 5. Jh.: Eine vorläufige Untersuchung

Lin Meicun 林梅村, Beijing
唐代文人的追求與夢想—唐代文人庭院建築遺跡調查
(Pursuit and Dreams of Chinese Scholars in the Tang Dynasty:
A Survey on Scholars’ Courtyards of Tang Times based on
Archaeological Finds and Written Sources)

JENSEITS DER CHINESISCHEN KULTUR

Roderich Ptak, München
Vom „Hundestaat“ nach Liuqiu und zu den „Ziegen-Inseln“:
Anmerkungen zu einer Meerfahrt im Lingbiao lu yi

Erhard Rosner, Göttingen
Marginalien zur Geschichte des Betelkauens in China

Hans van Ess, München
Der Name der Uiguren

Bruno J. Richtsfeld, München
Ursprungsmythen der Lhopa (Bangni-Bokar) in Südost-Tibet

Jens-Uwe Hartmann, München
Das Leben des kultivierten Städters im frühen Indien: Alltag oder Ideal?

Martin Zimmermann, München
Lost cities, urban explorers und antike Landschaften: Vom Leben mit Ruinen

PHILOSOPHISCHE ASPEKTE

Guje Kroh, München
Überlegungen zu Begriffen des Erkennens bzw. Wissens bei Xi Kang

Marc Nürnberger, München
Meister des Alltags

Hoyt Cleveland Tillman, Tempe
Reflections on Chinese Student Opinions on
the Modernized Zhu Confucian Wedding

KOLOPHON

Lothar Ledderose, Heidelberg
Kolophone in China und Europa

Monday, November 27, 2017

Sinology in Post-Communist States: Views from the Czech Republic, Mongolia, Poland, and Russia

Editor:
Chih-yu Shih

Publication Date:
March, 2016

Publisher:
The Chinese University Press



Abstract:

Drawing on extensive historical studies of the lives and works of distinctive yet understudied sinologists in the Czech Republic, Mongolia, Poland, and Russia, this volume takes readers on a journey of exploration and rediscovery of post-communist sinology—an important topic that we know surprisingly little about. After the end of the Cold War, the China Studies research agenda in these four countries has evolved divergently without any apparent shared orientation, despite the previously shared socialist and Communist legacies. Contributors draw on case studies to illustrate how sinologists in these countries actively use diverse approaches to map China’s modern evolution and deconstruct stereotypical notions of China’s rise in the twenty-first century. These hallmark studies also reveal sinologists’ deep engagement with the Chinese humanities. The conclusions in this volume have major implications for the evolution of intellectual history and its analysis, by emphasizing the importance of individualized agency to the practice of post-Communist sinology as both a statement of identity and a strategy for survival during tumultuous political times.

Table of Contents:

List of Contributors vii

Introduction:
An Anthropology of Knowledge in Post-Communist Sinology xi
Chih-yu Shih

Part I Doing Sinology from Post-Communist Perspectives

1 Beyond Academia and Politics: Understanding China and
Doing Sinology in Czechoslovakia after World War II 1
Olga Lomová and Anna Zádrapová

2 Linguistic Choices for the Identity of “China” in the
Discourse of Czech Sinologists 27
Melissa Shih-hui Lin

3 Surging between China and Russia: Legacies, Politics,
and Turns of Sinology in Contemporary Mongolia 41
Enkhchimeg Baatarkhuyag and Chih-yu Shih

4 Sinology in Poland: Epistemological Debates and
Academic Practice 61
Anna Rudakowska

5 The Lifting of the “Iron Veil” by Russian Sinologists
During the Soviet Period (1917–1991) 93
Valentin C. Golovachev

6 Soviet Sinology: Two Conflicting Paradigms of
Chinese History 115
Alexander Pisarev

7 Chinese Studies in Post-Soviet Russia: From Uneven
Development to the Search for Integrity 133
Alexei D. Voskressenski

Part II Being Sinologists in Post-Communist Societies

8 Polish Sinology: Reflections on Individualized
Trajectories 159
Bogdan J. Góralczyk

9 “The Songs of Ancient China”: The Myth of “The Other”
Appropriated by an Emerging Sinology 189
Olga Lomová and Anna Zádrapová

10 Between Sinology and Socialism: The Collective Memory
of Czech Sinologists in the 1950s 213
Ter-Hsing Cheng

11 Tangut (Xi Xia 西夏) Studies in the Soviet Union: The Quinta
Essentia of Russian Oriental Studies 233
Sergey Dmitriev

12 Different Ways to Become a Soviet Sinologist:
A Note on Personal Choices 253
Marina Kuznetsova-Fetisova

Conclusion:
The Evolution of Sinology after the Communist Party-State 267
Chih-yu Shih

Sunday, November 26, 2017

[Dissertation] Buddhist Astrology and Astral Magic in the Tang Dynasty

Author:
Jeffrey Kotyk

School:
Leiden University

Defended:
2017

Abstract:

This study demonstrates that various systems of foreign astrology, originating in India, Iran and the Hellenistic world, played a significant, albeit hitherto largely unrecognized role, in the development of Buddhism during the Tang dynasty, which subsequently deeply influenced religious traditions across East Asia for several centuries. Although Indian astrology was made available in China from the fourth to seventh centuries, it was never widely implemented in China in these centuries, for it was only in the eighth century with the introduction of Mantrayāna that Chinese Buddhists came to have a pressing need to observe astrology. This subsequently sparked popular interest in foreign astrology among Buddhist and non-Buddhist communities in China, a development that
fostered the simultaneous development of astral magic comprised of elements from multiple sources, including some traced back to Greco-Egyptian and Near Eastern traditions. Around the turn of the ninth century, translation of astrological materials shifted from Indian to Iranian sources as a result of Persian astronomers operating at the court. The popularity of astrology additionally facilitated the proliferation of uniquely Chinese astral deities in Chinese Buddhism, most notably Tejaprabhā Buddha and the seven stars of the Big Dipper. This understudied interaction that resulted from deep interest in astrology marks a significant transmission of cultural and religious knowledge
through multiple civilizations.

Table of Contents:

Abstract
Acknowledgments
Table of Contents
List of Tables and Figures
Abbreviations and Conventions

Preface

Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1. Preliminary Considerations
1.2. State of the Field
1.3. Aims of this Study
1.4. Primary Sources
1.5. Methodology
1.6. Chapter Outlines

Chapter 2: Astrology and Eurasian Civilizations
2.1. Definitions: What is Astrology?
2.2. The Ecliptic in Three Civilizations
2.3. Occidental Astrology
2.4. Chinese Astrology
2.5. Astrology in Early Buddhism and Brahmanism
2.6. Astrology in Sūtra and Vinaya Literature
2.7. Astrology in Mahāyāna and Tantra
2.8. Astrology in the Chinese Buddhist Context
2.9. Conclusion

Chapter 3: Early Buddhist Buddhist Astrology in China: the Fourth to Seventh Centuries
3.1. Translations of the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna
3.2. Astrological Elements in the Mahāsaṃnipāta
3.3. Early Buddhist Hemerology in China
3.4. Brahmanical Astrological Literature in Chinese Translation
3.5. Conclusion

Chapter 4: Buddhist Astrology in the Mid-Tang: the Eighth Century
4.1. The Historical Yixing 一行: Buddhist Monk and Astronomer
4.2. Tantric Hemerology
4.3. Early Astral Iconography
4.4. Amoghavajra and Astrology
4.5. Xiuyao jing 宿曜經 (T 1299)
4.6. Indian and Persian Astronomers at the Tang Court
4.7. The Duli yusi jing 都利聿斯經: Dorotheus in China
4.8. Cao Shiwei’s Futian li 符天曆
4.9. Conclusion

Chapter 5: The Sinicization of Occidental Astrology: the Ninth Century
5.1. Popular Astrology in the Late-Tang
5.2. The Tejaprabhā and Sudṛṣṭi Cults
5.3. Qiyao rangzai jue 七曜攘災決 (T 1308): Mature Buddhist Astrology
5.4. Buddhist and Daoist Astral Magic in the Late-Tang
5.5. The Legendary Yixing
5.6. Xiuyao yigui 宿曜儀軌 (T 1304)
5.7. Qiyao xingchen bie xingfa 七曜星辰別行法 (T 1309)
5.8. Beidou qixing humo fa 北斗七星護摩法 (T 1310)
5.9. Fantian huoluo jiuyao 梵天火羅九曜 (T 1311)
5.10. Worship of the Big Dipper
5.11. Conclusion

Chapter 6: Astrology in Post-Tang East Asia
6.1. Dunhuang and Bezeklik
6.2. Astrology and Astral Deities: Song to Ming Dynasties
6.3. Astrology in Korea, the Liao and Tangut Xixia
6.4. Astrology and Astral Magic in Japan
6.5. Sukuyōdō Horoscopy
6.6. Conclusion

Conclusion

Bibliography
Appendix 1: Timeline of Buddhist Astrology and Astral Magic in China
Appendix 2: Tejaprabhā Maṇḍala
Appendix 3: Tejaprabhā and the planets. Khara-Khoto
Appendix 4: Planetary deities from Kuyō hiryaku 九曜秘曆

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

Early Medieval China 23 《中國中古研究》第23期 (2017): Essays in Honor of the Seventieth Birthday of Robert Joe Cutter



Table of Contents:

Editor's Note
Editor's Note
J. Michael Farmer

Bibliographies
Bibliography of Robert Joe Cutter

Articles

The Three Scourges and Zhou Chu
Sujane Wu

Sanguo Zhi Fascicle 42: The Biography of Qiao Zhou
J. Michael Farmer

The Art of Wartime Propaganda: Chen Lin's 陳琳 Xi 檄 Written on Behalf of Yuan Shao and Cao Cao
Meow Hui Goh

An Annotated Translation of Fu on Pomegranate in Yiwen Leiju
Xurong Kong

The Creation of the Bronze Bird Terrace-Scape in the Northern and Southern Dynasties Period
Joanne Tsao

Tuesday, November 14, 2017

China: Visions Through The Ages

Editors:
Deborah A. Bekken, Lisa C. Niziolek, Gary M. Feinman

Publisher:
University Of Chicago Press

Publication Date:
November 7, 2017




Abstract:
At the entrance of The Field Museum’s Cyrus Tang Hall of China, two Chinese stone guardian lions stand tall, gazing down intently at approaching visitors. One lion’s paw rests upon a decorated ball symbolizing power, while the other lion cradles a cub. Traditionally believed to possess attributes of strength and protection, statues such as these once stood guard outside imperial buildings, temples, and wealthy homes in China. Now, centuries later, they guard this incredible permanent exhibition.

China’s long history is one of the richest and most complex in the known world, and the Cyrus Tang Hall of China offers visitors a wonderful, comprehensive survey of it through some 350 artifacts on display, spanning from the Paleolithic period to present day. Now, with China: Visions through the Ages, anyone can experience the marvels of this exhibition through the book’s beautifully designed and detailed pages. Readers will gain deeper insight into The Field Museum’s important East Asian collections, the exhibition development process, and research on key aspects of China’s fascinating history. This companion book, edited by the exhibition’s own curatorial team, takes readers even deeper into the wonders of the Cyrus Tang Hall of China and enables them to study more closely the objects and themes featured in the show. Mirroring the exhibition’s layout of five galleries, the volume is divided into five sections. The first section focuses on the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods; the second, the Bronze Age, the first dynasties, and early writing; the third, the imperial system and power; the fourth, religion and performance; and the fifth, interregional trade and the Silk Routes. Each section also includes highlights containing brief stories on objects or themes in the hall, such as the famous Lanting Xu rubbing.

With chapters from a diverse set of international authors providing greater context and historical background, China: Visions through the Ages is a richly illustrated volume that allows visitors, curious readers, and China scholars alike a chance to have an enduring exchange with the objects featured in the exhibition and with their multifaceted histories.

Table of Contents:

Introduction
Lisa C. Niziolek, Deborah A. Bekken, and Gary M. Feinman

Timeline

1 Building the China Collections at The Field Museum
Deborah A. Bekken

Section 1 Diverse Landscapes, Diverse Ways of Life

2 Domestication and the Origins of Agriculture in China
Gary W. Crawford

Highlight 1: Zhoukoudian: Peking Man and Evidence for Human Evolution in East Asia
Chen Shen

3 China during the Neolithic Period
Gary M. Feinman, Hui Fang, and Linda M. Nicholas

Section 2 Ritual and Power, War and Unification

4 The Bronze Age in China: What and When
Yungti Li 李永迪

Highlight 2: Sanyangzhuang 三楊莊: Life and Death in the Yellow River Floodplain
Tristram R. Kidder and Haiwang Liu

5 Written on Bamboo and Silk, Inscribed in Metal and Stone: Varieties of Early Chinese Writing
Edward L. Shaughnessy

Highlight 3: Consort Hao’s Inauspicious Delivery
Edward L. Shaughnessy

Section 3 Shifting Power, Enduring Traditions

6 Along the River during the Qingming Festival: A Living Painting with a Long History
Lu Zhang

Highlight 4: Conserving a Treasure: Preparing Along the River during the Qingming Festival for Display
Rachel Freeman and Shelley R. Paine

7 Men of Culture: Scholar-Officials and Scholar-Emperors in Late Imperial China
Fan Jeremy Zhang

Highlight 5: Commemorating a Gathering of Friends: The Lanting Xu Rubbing
Yuan Zhou

Section 4 Beliefs and Practices, Symbols and Stories

8 Daoism and Buddhism in Traditional China
Paul Copp

Highlight 6: Sealed in Time: A Manuscript from Dunhuang
Yuan Zhou

9 Shadows between Worlds: Chinese Shadow Theater
Mia Yinxing Liu

Section 5 Crossing Boundaries, Building Networks

10 The Silk Road: Intercontinental Trade and the Tang Empire
Lin Meciun 林梅村 and Ran Zhang

11 The Java Sea Shipwreck and China’s Maritime Trade
Lisa C. Niziolek

Highlight 7: Herbs and Artifacts: Trade in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Amanda Respess

Conclusion: Legacies of Qin Unification: A Hinge Point of Chinese History
Gary M. Feinman

References
Index

Tuesday, November 7, 2017

Birth in Ancient China: A Study of Metaphor and Cultural Identity in Pre-Imperial China

Authors: 
Constance A. Cook and Xinhui Luo

Publisher:
SUNY Press

Publication Date:
November, 2017




Abstract:

Using newly discovered and excavated texts, Constance A. Cook and Xinhui Luo systematically explore material culture, inscriptions, transmitted texts, and genealogies from BCE China to reconstruct the role of women in social reproduction in the ancient Chinese world. Applying paleographical, linguistic, and historical analyses, Cook and Luo discuss fertility rituals, birthing experiences, divine conceptions, divine births, and the overall influence of gendered supernatural agencies on the experience and outcome of birth. They unpack a cultural paradigm in which birth is not only a philosophical symbol of eternal return and renewal but also an abiding religious and social focus for lineage continuity. They also suggest that some of the mythical founder heroes traditionally assumed to be male may in fact have had female identities. Students of ancient history, particularly Chinese history, will find this book an essential complement to traditional historical narratives, while the exploration of ancient religious texts, many unknown in the West, provides a unique perspective into the study of the formation of mythology and the role of birthing in early religion.

Table of Contents:

Introduction: A Chu Text

1. Words and Images
Chu Ancestral Names and the Word for Birth
A Lost Word for Birth
Suggestive Images

2. Controlling Reproduction : Fertility Prayers
Zhou Fertility Prayers in Zhou Bronze Inscriptions
A Warring States Prayer Preserved on Bamboo Strips

3. Mothers and Embryos
Embryonic Transformation

4. Controlling the Pregnant Body
Time and Divination
Curses, Stars, and the Gendered Cosmo
Sequestering
A Question of Thorns

5. Divine Origins and Chu Genealogical History
Gender-Bending

6. The Traumatic Births of Non-Zhou Ancestral Founders

Conclusion

Monday, November 6, 2017

清華簡研究

Editor:
湯浅邦弘 (Kunihiro Yuasa)

Publisher:
汲古書院

Publication Date:
2017-9-29




Table of Contents:

はじめに

第一部 清華簡とは何か

第一章 発見から最新分冊の刊行まで   湯浅邦弘
第二章 清華簡(壹)~(陸)の字迹分類   福田哲之
第三章 清華簡(壹)~(陸)所収文献解題   草野友子・中村未来

第二部 清華簡の分析

第一章 『殷高宗問於三壽』の思想的特質   湯浅邦弘
第二章 『程寤』考――太姒の夢と文王の訓戒――   湯浅邦弘
第三章 『尹誥』の思想史的意義   福田哲之
第四章 『耆夜』の文献的性格   竹田健二
第五章 『湯在啻門』における「気」   竹田健二
第六章 『湯在啻門』に見える「玉種」   曹 方 向
第七章 『祭公之顧命』考   草野友子
第八章 『周公之琴舞』考   中村未来
第九章 統治手段としての「恥」――『命訓』と『逸周書』三訓と――   中村未来

第三部 清華簡研究の展開

第一章 『保訓』と三体石経古文――科斗体の淵源――   福田哲之
第二章 『良臣』・『祝辞』の書写者――国別問題再考――   福田哲之
第三章 『楚居』の劃線・墨線と竹簡の配列   竹田健二
第四章 劃線小考――北京簡『老子』と清華簡『繫年』とを中心に――   竹田健二
第五章 清華簡『繫年』および郭店楚簡『語叢(一)』の「京」字に関する一考察   
   曹 方 向〈草野友子訳〉

あとがき
初出一覧
執筆者紹介

中国初期国家形成の考古学的研究:土器からのアプローチ

Author:
秦 小麗

Publisher:
六一書房

Publication Date:
August, 2017




Abstract:

中国初期国家の形成過程に関する従来の考古学的研究は、土器で設定した文化類型を、戦国時代以降の文献史料に示された夏や商(殷)王朝の活動範囲と結び付けて解釈することが多かった。著者はこの研究史上の問題点をふまえ、遺跡ごと・地域ごとの土器系統の分析により明らかになる複雑化した相互交流の実態にこそ初期国家の形成過程を分析するための鍵があるとし、数量的手法を用いた土器様式の分析を行う。土器の法量比較や土器表面に印された縄目数の計測は、日本考古学の手法を参考に実地の資料調査を積み重ねた著者ならではの着眼点で、日中の学会誌や国際学会においても高い評価を受けている。本書における著者の研究により、中国の国家形成期における複雑な地域間交流と、中央による地方の支配体制が二里頭時代から二里岡時代へと次第に強化されていくプロセスが、具体的に明らかになる。日本考古学の研究手法を随所に用いた本書は、単に中国考古学の研究書としてだけでなく、国家形成をめぐる日本考古学の方法論的な実践書として読んでいただけるだろう。

Table of Contents:

序文(岡村秀典)
はじめに

第1章 研究史
第1節 二里頭時代の研究史
第2節 二里岡時代の研究史
第3節 夏商考古研究の問題の所在と本書の視点
第2章 土器の型式分類と系統識別
第1節 土器型式の分類と型式の変化
第2節 中心地における各系統の起源

第3章 中心地における土器様式の変遷
第1節 二里頭遺跡の土器様式
第2節 鄭州商城遺跡の土器様式
第3節 偃師商城遺跡の土器様式
第4節 3遺跡間の比較

第4章 二里頭時代の地域動態
第1節 地域区分と編年
第2節 伊洛地区
第3節 山西省南西地区
第4節 河南省南西地区
第5節 鄭州周辺および河南省東部地区
第6節 河南省南部と長江中流域地区
小結

第5章 二里頭時代から二里岡時代への転換
第1節 鄭州・伊洛地区における複合遺跡の分析
第2節 河南省北部地区における複合遺跡の分析
第3節 山西省南西地区における複合遺跡の分析
第4節 考察
小結

第6章 二里岡時代の地域動態
第1節 伊洛・鄭州地区および河南省東部地区
第2節 河南省北部地区
第3節 山西省南西地区
第4節 長江中流域地区
第5節 考察

第7章 土器の地域動態と城郭遺跡の出現
第1節 土器の地域動態
第2節 土器様式変化の背景
第3節 中心と周辺
第4節 二里岡文化の成立過程

おわりに
あとがき
引用参考文献
図表出典
中国語要旨

Sunday, October 29, 2017

[Dissertation] Culture Change and Imperial Incorporation in Early China: An Archaeological Study of the Middle Han River Valley (ca. 8th century BCE - 1st century CE)

Author:
Glenda E. Chao

Thesis Advisor:
Li, Feng

School:
Columbia University

Defended:
2017

Abstract:

This dissertation analyzes historical and archaeological evidence of culture change and the effects of state and imperial expansion on local communities to show that early Chinese cultural history is enriched when commoners are taken into account. I do this by focusing on heretofore unexamined evidence in the middle Han river valley of north-central Hubei province in early China during the 8th century BCE to the 1strd century CE. I argue that this was a particularly important region because it was an important crossroads where multiple polities interacted in the period between the fall of the Western Zhou state and the rise of China’s first empires, the Qin and the Han. 

Traditional historiography attributes culture change during this period and in this region to the imposition of a holistic set of customs by elites representing state or imperial power on newly conquered lands. The sources used and analyses employed are disproportionately derived from elite contexts. As a result, current historical narratives privilege elite views of culture and society. By contrast, my dissertation employs a methodology that utilizes newly excavated archaeological data to enrich extant narratives of the early cultural history of this region. I do this in two ways. First, I interweave archaeological evidence of ordinary peoples’ cultural practices into the dominant political and social histories of the era. Second, I focus on the middle Han river area as a geographical crossroads that was as culturally complex as frontier regions, a perspective rarely taken in traditional studies of early China. 

Chapter 1 lays out the three-tiered theoretical and methodological framework of the dissertation. I first outline theories of culture change in ancient colonial encounters, derived from anthropological discourse, and that can be utilized to understand my novel data. I then describe how archaeologists utilize material evidence of past funerary rituals, which form the bulk of my data, to study culture change. Finally, I talk about the quantitative methods through which I render the archaeological data intelligible to interpretation. 

In Chapter 2, I engage with the third and narrowest tier of my methodology by using assemblage theory as the basis for archaeological periodization of funerary ceramics at Bianying 卞營 cemetery. This method takes as its premise the idea that the appearance of new ceramic types and the disappearance of others, signify moments of change due either to incoming practices or internal development, when the social and cultural affiliations of the community of mourners came under question, thus, allowing for the assertion and negotiation of emergent cultural identities. 

In Chapter 3, I use exploratory data analyses to identify meaningful patterns in the seven chronological periods identified in Chapter 2. In interpreting these patterns, I explain how, within the realm of funerary ritual, the introduction of new cultural practices into Xiangyang engendered the formation of hybrid culture at Bianying, and how the active agency of the local population was expressed through this process. 

In Chapter 4, I employ these previous analyses in returning to the level of culture change in order to build a more robust model of cultural hybridity in early imperial China. To do this, I analyze the more rural and idiosyncratic cemetery of Wangpo 王坡, located four kilometers north of Bianying. I use the evidence of hybridized burial practices at Wangpo to show how my model destabilizes accepted analytical categories and, thereby, allows new narratives of early imperial history in China to emerge, narratives that bring the discipline into dialogue with the study of other regions of the ancient world. 

In Chapter 5, I construct a new history of cultural formation in Xiangyang. I do this by interweaving the archaeological narrative outlined in chapters 2 through 4 with textual evidence drawn from bronze inscriptions, excavated texts, and transmitted historical records. I reconcile contradictions between the archaeological and textual records by tacking back and forth between these two categories of source materials, treating both as different facets of the same story. In doing so, I present a holistic narrative of elite political designs on Xiangyang and its effects on locals, arguing that both groups mutually constructed one another in forming what we now know to be early imperial China. This work has important implications for further research by demonstrating the value of making more nuanced use of newly excavated material to reinvigorate the genre of regional history in China.


** Thank Dr. Albert Galvany for sharing this information

Thursday, October 19, 2017

魏晋南北朝史のいま

Editor:
窪添慶文 (KUBOZOE Yoshifumi)

Publication Date:
September, 2017

Publisher:
勉誠出版



Abstract:

魏晋南北朝時代は秦漢統一帝国と隋唐統一帝国の中間に位置する。
政治的に複数の政権が並立する分裂の時代ではあるが、そこには新しい動きが様々な点で生まれ、成長して行き、隋唐時代に繋がって行く。
それら新しい動きを「政治・人物」、「思想・文化」、「国都・都城」、「出土資料」の4つの側面から捉え、魏晋南北朝史研究の「いま」を分かりやすく解説し、非統一時代に生きた人々・物事の足跡を浮かび上がらせる。

Table of Contents:

総論―魏晋南北朝史のいま 窪添慶文

Ⅰ 政治・人物
曹丕―三分された日輪の時代 田中靖彦
晋恵帝賈皇后の実像 小池直子
赫連勃勃―「五胡十六国」史への省察を起点として 徐冲(板橋暁子・訳)
陳の武帝とその時代 岡部毅史
李沖 松下憲一
北周武帝の華北統一 会田大輔
それぞれの「正義」 堀内淳一

Ⅱ 思想・文化
魏晋期の儒教 古勝隆一
南北朝の雅楽整備における『周礼』の新解釈について 戸川貴行
南朝社会と仏教―王法と仏法の関係 倉本尚徳
北朝期における「邑義」の諸相―国境地域における仏教と人々 北村一仁
山中道館の興起 魏斌(田熊敬之・訳)
史部の成立 永田拓治
書法史における刻法・刻派という新たな視座―北魏墓誌を中心に 澤田雅弘

Ⅲ 国都・都城
鄴城に見る都城制の転換 佐川英治
建康とその都市空間 小尾孝夫
魏晋南北朝の長安 内田昌功
北魏人のみた平城 岡田和一郎
北魏洛陽城―住民はいかに統治され、居住したか 角山典幸
統万城 市来弘志
「蜀都」とその社会―成都 二二一―三四七年 新津健一郎
辺境都市から王都へ―後漢から五涼時代にかける姑臧城の変遷 陳力

Ⅳ 出土資料から見た新しい世界
竹簡の製作と使用―長沙走馬楼三国呉簡の整理作業で得た知見から 金平(石原遼平・訳)
走馬楼呉簡からみる三国呉の郷村把握システム 安部聡一郎
呉簡吏民簿と家族・女性 鷲尾祐子
魏晋時代の壁画 三崎良章
北朝の墓誌文化 梶山智史
北魏後期の門閥制 窪添慶文

Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Early China 40 (2017) 《古代中國》第40期



Table of Contents:

Letter from the Editor: Early China at 40
SARAH ALLAN

OBITUARY
David Noel Keightley (1932–2017)
SARAH ALLAN

Remembrances of David Keightley
MIRANDA BROWN, DAVID D. BUCK, RODERICK B. CAMPBELL, JONATHAN CHAVES, CONSTANCE A. COOK, LOTHAR VON FALKENHAUSEN, MARIÁN GÁLIK, ZEV HANDEL, KUAN-YUN HUANG, LIONEL M. JENSEN, STEVEN I. LEVINE, LI LING, LI XUEQIN, PAUL ROPP, EDWARD L. SHAUGHNESSY
FRANK JOSEPH SHULMAN 5

David Noel Keightley (1932–2017), Publications and Unpublished
Writings: A Comprehensive Bibliography and Research Guide
FRANK JOSEPH SHULMAN

ARTICLES
Early Chinese Manuscript Writings for the Name of the Sage Emperor Shun 舜, and the Legacy of Warring States Period Orthographic Variation in Early Chinese Received Texts
ADAM D. SMITH

Mozi and the Ghosts: The Concept of Ming 明 in Mozi’s “Ming gui” 明鬼
PIOTR GIBAS

Echoing Rulership: Understanding Musical References in the Huainanzi
AVITAL H. ROM

Introduction to the Peking University Han Bamboo Strips: On the Authentication and Study of Purchased Manuscripts
CHRISTOPHER J. FOSTER

EXCAVATED TEXT TRANSLATION
The Wuwei Medical Manuscripts: A Brief Introduction and Translation
YANG YONG and MIRANDA BROWN

RESEARCH NOTE
To Punish the Person: A Reading Note Regarding a Punctuation Mark in the Tsinghua Manuscript *Ming Xun
EDWARD L. SHAUGHNESSY

BOOK REVIEWS
Stephen Durrant, Wai-yee Li, Michael Nylan, and Hans van Ess. The Letter to Ren An and Sima Qian’s Legacy
LEI YANG

Barbieri-Low Anthony J., and Robin D. S. Yates. Law, State, and Society in Early Imperial China: A Study with Critical Edition and Translation of the Legal Texts from Zhangjiashan Tomb no. 247
CHARLES SANFT

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Dissertation Abstracts
WEN-YI HUANG, comp.

Annual Bibliography
WEN-YI HUANG, comp

《古代中國》
第40輯 (2017)

主編: 艾蘭

主編的信:《古代中國》邁入第四十輯
艾蘭

訃文
吉德煒 (1932–2017)
艾蘭

紀念吉德煒 
董慕達,包德威,江雨德,Jonathan Chaves, 柯鶴立,羅泰,韓哲夫,黃冠雲,詹啓華,李零,李學勤,羅溥洛,夏含夷,高利克, 蘇文

吉德煒 (1932–2017),完整論著目錄與研究指南:出版著作與未刊稿
蘇文

研究論文
竹簡寫本“舜”字的不同字形,以及傳世文獻中戰國文字變異的遺留
亞當

墨子與鬼:《墨子》“明鬼”的明概念
齊百思

統治的映射—《淮南子》中音樂相關文本分析
艾葦婷

北京大學藏西漢竹書:關於非考古出土簡牘的鑒定和研究
傅希明

出土文獻翻譯
武威漢代醫簡簡介與翻譯
楊勇與董慕達

研究札記
罰身:簡論清華簡《命訓》標點符號用法
夏含夷

書評
Stephen Durrant, Wai-yee Li, Michael Nylan, and Hans van Ess. The Letter to Ren An and Sima Qian’s Legacy
楊蕾

Barbieri-Low Anthony J., and Robin D. S. Yates. Law, State, and Society in Early Imperial China: A Study with Critical Edition and Translation of the Legal Texts from Zhangjiashan Tomb no. 247
陳力強

論著目錄
博士論文提要
黃文儀彙編

年度論著目錄
黃文儀彙編