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Thursday, October 19, 2017

魏晋南北朝史のいま

Editor:
窪添慶文 (KUBOZOE Yoshifumi)

Publication Date:
September, 2017

Publisher:
勉誠出版



Abstract:

魏晋南北朝時代は秦漢統一帝国と隋唐統一帝国の中間に位置する。
政治的に複数の政権が並立する分裂の時代ではあるが、そこには新しい動きが様々な点で生まれ、成長して行き、隋唐時代に繋がって行く。
それら新しい動きを「政治・人物」、「思想・文化」、「国都・都城」、「出土資料」の4つの側面から捉え、魏晋南北朝史研究の「いま」を分かりやすく解説し、非統一時代に生きた人々・物事の足跡を浮かび上がらせる。

Table of Contents:

総論―魏晋南北朝史のいま 窪添慶文

Ⅰ 政治・人物
曹丕―三分された日輪の時代 田中靖彦
晋恵帝賈皇后の実像 小池直子
赫連勃勃―「五胡十六国」史への省察を起点として 徐冲(板橋暁子・訳)
陳の武帝とその時代 岡部毅史
李沖 松下憲一
北周武帝の華北統一 会田大輔
それぞれの「正義」 堀内淳一

Ⅱ 思想・文化
魏晋期の儒教 古勝隆一
南北朝の雅楽整備における『周礼』の新解釈について 戸川貴行
南朝社会と仏教―王法と仏法の関係 倉本尚徳
北朝期における「邑義」の諸相―国境地域における仏教と人々 北村一仁
山中道館の興起 魏斌(田熊敬之・訳)
史部の成立 永田拓治
書法史における刻法・刻派という新たな視座―北魏墓誌を中心に 澤田雅弘

Ⅲ 国都・都城
鄴城に見る都城制の転換 佐川英治
建康とその都市空間 小尾孝夫
魏晋南北朝の長安 内田昌功
北魏人のみた平城 岡田和一郎
北魏洛陽城―住民はいかに統治され、居住したか 角山典幸
統万城 市来弘志
「蜀都」とその社会―成都 二二一―三四七年 新津健一郎
辺境都市から王都へ―後漢から五涼時代にかける姑臧城の変遷 陳力

Ⅳ 出土資料から見た新しい世界
竹簡の製作と使用―長沙走馬楼三国呉簡の整理作業で得た知見から 金平(石原遼平・訳)
走馬楼呉簡からみる三国呉の郷村把握システム 安部聡一郎
呉簡吏民簿と家族・女性 鷲尾祐子
魏晋時代の壁画 三崎良章
北朝の墓誌文化 梶山智史
北魏後期の門閥制 窪添慶文

Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Early China 40 (2017) 《古代中國》第40期



Table of Contents:

Letter from the Editor: Early China at 40
SARAH ALLAN

OBITUARY
David Noel Keightley (1932–2017)
SARAH ALLAN

Remembrances of David Keightley
MIRANDA BROWN, DAVID D. BUCK, RODERICK B. CAMPBELL, JONATHAN CHAVES, CONSTANCE A. COOK, LOTHAR VON FALKENHAUSEN, MARIÁN GÁLIK, ZEV HANDEL, KUAN-YUN HUANG, LIONEL M. JENSEN, STEVEN I. LEVINE, LI LING, LI XUEQIN, PAUL ROPP, EDWARD L. SHAUGHNESSY
FRANK JOSEPH SHULMAN 5

David Noel Keightley (1932–2017), Publications and Unpublished
Writings: A Comprehensive Bibliography and Research Guide
FRANK JOSEPH SHULMAN

ARTICLES
Early Chinese Manuscript Writings for the Name of the Sage Emperor Shun 舜, and the Legacy of Warring States Period Orthographic Variation in Early Chinese Received Texts
ADAM D. SMITH

Mozi and the Ghosts: The Concept of Ming 明 in Mozi’s “Ming gui” 明鬼
PIOTR GIBAS

Echoing Rulership: Understanding Musical References in the Huainanzi
AVITAL H. ROM

Introduction to the Peking University Han Bamboo Strips: On the Authentication and Study of Purchased Manuscripts
CHRISTOPHER J. FOSTER

EXCAVATED TEXT TRANSLATION
The Wuwei Medical Manuscripts: A Brief Introduction and Translation
YANG YONG and MIRANDA BROWN

RESEARCH NOTE
To Punish the Person: A Reading Note Regarding a Punctuation Mark in the Tsinghua Manuscript *Ming Xun
EDWARD L. SHAUGHNESSY

BOOK REVIEWS
Stephen Durrant, Wai-yee Li, Michael Nylan, and Hans van Ess. The Letter to Ren An and Sima Qian’s Legacy
LEI YANG

Barbieri-Low Anthony J., and Robin D. S. Yates. Law, State, and Society in Early Imperial China: A Study with Critical Edition and Translation of the Legal Texts from Zhangjiashan Tomb no. 247
CHARLES SANFT

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Dissertation Abstracts
WEN-YI HUANG, comp.

Annual Bibliography
WEN-YI HUANG, comp

《古代中國》
第40輯 (2017)

主編: 艾蘭

主編的信:《古代中國》邁入第四十輯
艾蘭

訃文
吉德煒 (1932–2017)
艾蘭

紀念吉德煒 
董慕達,包德威,江雨德,Jonathan Chaves, 柯鶴立,羅泰,韓哲夫,黃冠雲,詹啓華,李零,李學勤,羅溥洛,夏含夷,高利克, 蘇文

吉德煒 (1932–2017),完整論著目錄與研究指南:出版著作與未刊稿
蘇文

研究論文
竹簡寫本“舜”字的不同字形,以及傳世文獻中戰國文字變異的遺留
亞當

墨子與鬼:《墨子》“明鬼”的明概念
齊百思

統治的映射—《淮南子》中音樂相關文本分析
艾葦婷

北京大學藏西漢竹書:關於非考古出土簡牘的鑒定和研究
傅希明

出土文獻翻譯
武威漢代醫簡簡介與翻譯
楊勇與董慕達

研究札記
罰身:簡論清華簡《命訓》標點符號用法
夏含夷

書評
Stephen Durrant, Wai-yee Li, Michael Nylan, and Hans van Ess. The Letter to Ren An and Sima Qian’s Legacy
楊蕾

Barbieri-Low Anthony J., and Robin D. S. Yates. Law, State, and Society in Early Imperial China: A Study with Critical Edition and Translation of the Legal Texts from Zhangjiashan Tomb no. 247
陳力強

論著目錄
博士論文提要
黃文儀彙編

年度論著目錄
黃文儀彙編

Sunday, October 15, 2017

Yungang: Art, History, Archaeology, Liturgy

Author:
Lidu Yi

Publisher:
Routledge

Publication Date:
20171030




Abstract:

The first ever comprehensive analysis of its kind in any western language, this unique volume provides a social art history of Yungang: a fifth-century rock-cut court cave complex, UNESCO World Heritage site, and one of the greatest Buddhist monuments of all time. Yungang asks why, when, and under what circumstances this impressive cave sanctuary was made, and who played significant roles at various stages.

Recent economic changes in China including the expansion of roads have led to unprecedented numbers of objects being unearthed on site and near the cave chapels. Archaeological discoveries in 2010 have shed significant new light on the architectural configuration of monasteries in the capital and the functions of different sections of the cave complex, as well as monastic life within it. For the first time, it is possible to reconstruct where the monks lived and translated sacred literary texts, and to fully understand that freestanding monasteries are an important component of the rock-cut cave complex.

Illustrated throughout with remarkable full-colour photographs, this re-examination of the cave chapels, which brings together previous scholarship, primary documentation, and more than a decade of first hand field research, will not only fill in the gaps in our knowledge about Yungang, but also raise, and perhaps answer, new questions in art history.

Table of Contents:

Acknowledgements

Chronology of Chinese Dynasties

Chapter One

Introduction

1. Chinese Antiquarian Documentation 2. Pioneering Japanese Expeditions 3. Chinese Scholarship 4. Western Research 5. Purpose and Organization of the Book

Chapter Two

The Sacred Site of Yungang

1. Making the Sacred Cave Temples of Yungang 2. Auspicious Geographical Environment of Yungang 3. Archaeological Excavations and Related Issues 4. Art and Architecture

Chapter Three

Phase One—Emperor As Tathāgata

1. The Imperial Five Tanyao Caves 2. Dates of Excavation of the Five Tanyao Caves 3. Emperor as the Living Tathāgata in the Cave temple 4. Tanyao and the Significance of the Translation of Sacred Books in Yungang 5. Concluding Remarks

Chapter Four

Phase Two: Political Struggles and Chronicles Reconsidered

1. Dates of Caves 11-13 Reconsidered 2. Reconstructing a Chronological Sequence of the Second-phase Cave temples 3. Summary of the Chronology of the Second-phase Cave temples

Chapter Five

Considering Karmic Narratives And Liturgical Functions

1. Reading the Iconography 2. Modes of Narratives and Viewers’ Response 3. Ritual and Function in a Rock-cut Cave Sanctuary 4. Folk Faith, Karmic Practice and the Tiwei Boli Jing 5. Concluding Remarks

Chapter Six

Phase Three—The Remaining Splendour

1. Architectural Structure 2. Iconographic Composition 3. Telling Tales: Narrative Stories and Visual Representations 4. Iconographic Style 5. Classification, Dating and Chronological Sequence 6. Concluding Remarks 7. One Final Remark: Buddhist Sinicization Re-considered

Postscript

Classification of the Caves in the Third-phase

Groups and Periodization of the Third-phase Caves

Character Glossary

Bibliography

Friday, October 13, 2017

Eurasian Empires in Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages: Contact and Exchange between the Graeco-Roman World, Inner Asia and China

Editors:
Hyun Jin Kim, Frederik Juliaan Vervaet, Selim Ferruh Adalı

Publisher:

Cambridge University Press

Publication date:

October 2017



Abstract:


The great empires of the vast Eurasian continent have captured the imagination of many. Awe-inspiring names such as ancient Rome, Han and Tang China, Persia, Assyria, the Huns, the Kushans and the Franks have been the subject of countless scholarly books and works of literature. However, very rarely, if at all, have these vast pre-industrial empires been studied holistically from a comparative, interdisciplinary and above all Eurasian perspective. This collection of studies examines the history, literature and archaeology of these empires and others thus far treated separately as a single inter-connected subject of inquiry. It highlights in particular the critical role of Inner Asian empires and peoples in facilitating contacts and exchange across the Eurasian continent in antiquity and the early Middle Ages.


Table of Contents:

Introduction Hyun Jin Kim and Frederik Vervaet

Part I. Political Organization and Interactions of Eurasian Empires:
1. The Political Organization of Steppe Empires and their Contribution to Eurasian Interconnectivity: the case of the Huns and their impact on the Frankish West     Hyun Jin Kim

2. Tang China s Horse Power: The Borderland Breeding Ranch System    Jonathan Skaff

3.Cimmerians and the Scythians: The Impact of Nomadic Powers on the Assyrian Empire and the Ancient Near East    Selim Ferruh Adalı

Part II. Socio-institutional Aspects of Eurasian Empires:
4. Honour and Shame in the Roman Republic Frederik   Juliaan Vervaet

5. Honor and Shame in Han China    Mark Lewis

6. Slavery and forced labor in early China and the Roman world    Walter Scheidel

Part III. Cultural Legacies of Eurasian Empires:
7. Homer and the Shi Jing as Imperial Texts Alexander Beecroft

8. The Serpent from Persia – Manichaeism in Rome and China Samuel Lieu

Part IV. Archaeology of Eurasian Empires:
9. The Alans in the Southern Caucasus? Antonio Sagona, Claudia Sagona and Aleks Michalewicz

10. Greeks, Scythians, Parthians and Kushans in Central Asia and India Osmund Bopearachchi

11. Enclosure Sites, non-nucleated settlement strategies and political capitals in ancient Eurasia Michelle Negus Cleary

Conclusion Hyun Jin Kim, Frederik Juliaan Vervaet and Selim Ferruh Adalı.

Monday, October 9, 2017

Ancestors, Kings, and the Dao

Author:
Constance A. Cook

Publication Date:
October, 2017

Publisher:
Harvard



Abstract:

Ancestors, Kings, and the Dao outlines the evolution of musical performance in early China, first within and then ultimately away from the socio-religious context of ancestor worship. Examining newly discovered bamboo texts from the Warring States period, Constance A. Cook compares the rhetoric of Western Zhou (1046–771 BCE) and Spring and Autumn (770–481 BCE) bronze inscriptions with later occurrences of similar terms in which ritual music began to be used as a form of self-cultivation and education. Cook’s analysis links the creation of such classics as the Book of Odes with the ascendance of the individual practitioner, further connecting the social actors in three types of ritual: boys coming of age, heirs promoted into ancestral government positions, and the philosophical stages of transcendence experienced in self-cultivation.

The focus of this study is on excavated texts; it is the first to use both bronze and bamboo narratives to show the evolution of a single ritual practice. By viewing the ancient inscribed materials and the transmitted classics from this new perspective, Cook uncovers new linkages in terms of how the materials were shaped and reshaped over time and illuminates the development of eulogy and song in changing ritual contexts.


Table of Contents:

Part I. 
1. Establishing the Zhou tradition: Memorial feasts and the rise of eulogy to Zhou kings
Memorial feasts and founder sacrifices
Zhou founder kings: a case of King Wen, the ancestor, and King Wu, the son
Creating the nation
Divine models
Ancestors and the hunt
Summary

2. Kings, ancestors, and the transmission of De: Transitions and setting the pattern
The founder king as earth deity
Summary

3. Song of heirs: Royal inscriptions: the king as heir
Regional heirs control the sacred narrative
Lengthy bronze narratives and the role of the king
Summary

4. Eulogy and the rise of the musical performance: Training the Xiaozi
The ancient eulogy or praise song
Eulogy in ritual performance
Summary

Part II. The Zhou way after the Zhou: 

5. Transitions and bronze inscriptions: Archaic rings
Western
Northern
Southern
Northeastern
Summary

6. The new old Zhou way: Notes on the transmission of odes and A song of King Wen
Summary

7. From ancestor worship to inner cultivation: Notes on the bamboo text the lute dance of Zhou Gong
Musical performance and textual production
Reexamining the great preface
Inner feeling, outer decorum
The odes as Dao: cultivating the intention
Summary

8. Coming-of-age rituals: Performing the capping ritual
Ritual and music as a method for "completion"
Coming-of-age narratives in the eastern Zhou
Remnants of promotion narratives in warring states texts

Summary

Sunday, October 8, 2017

Tales from Tang Dynasty China: Selections from the Taiping Guangji

Editors: 
Alexei Ditter, Sarah M. Allen, and Jessey J. C. Choo. 

Publisher:

Hackett Publishing Co.

Publication Date:
September 2017




Abstract:

Compiled during the Song dynasty (960–1279) at the behest of Emperor Taizong, the Taiping Guangji anthologized thousands of pages of unofficial histories, accounts, and minor stories from the Tang dynasty (618–907).


The twenty-two tales translated in this volume, many appearing for the first time in English, reveal the dynamism and diversity of society in Tang China. A lengthy Introduction as well as introductions to each selection further illuminate the social and historical contexts within which these narratives unfold. This collection offers a wealth of information for anyone interested in medieval Chinese history, religion, or everyday life.

Table of Contents:

Timeline
Note on Translation Conventions
Introduction

THIS WORLD

"The Woman in the Carriage" 車中女子
introduced and translated by Linda Feng

"Xiao Yingshi" 蕭穎士
introduced and translated by Alexei Ditter

"Ming Siyuan" 明思遠
introduced and translated by Alexei Ditter

"The Record of Master Shenxiu’s Predictions" 秀師言記
introduced and translated by Jessey Choo

"Du Mu" 杜牧
introduced and translated by Manling Luo

"Di Weiqian" 狄惟謙
introduced and translated by Alexei Ditter

“General Pan” 潘將軍
introduced and translated by Linda Feng

"The Female Slave of Li Fu" 李福女奴
introduced and translated by Alexei Ditter

"Pengyan" 捧硯
introduced and translated by Alexei Ditter


BETWEEN WORLDS: OTHERWORLDY ENCOUNTERS IN THE HUMAN WORLD

"Yao Hong" 姚泓
introduced and translated by Sarah M. Allen

"Tang Xuan" 唐晅
introduced and translated by Jessey Choo

"Cao Weisi" 曹惟思
introduced and translated by Natasha Heller

"Dou Yu" 竇裕
introduced and translated by Jack W. Chen

"Scholar Wang" 王生
introduced and translated by Sarah M. Allen

"Shentu Cheng" 申屠澄
introduced and translated by Sarah M. Allen

"Scholar Hu" 胡生
introduced and translated by Manling Luo

"The Clan of Xingyang" 滎陽氏
introduced and translated by Natasha Heller


BETWEEN WORLDS: TRAVEL TO OTHER WORLDS

"Vice Magistrate of Liuhe District 六合縣丞"
introduced and translated by Jessey Choo

"Dong Guan" 董觀
introduced and translated by Jessey Choo

"Yang Jingzhen" 楊敬真
introduced and translated by Sarah M. Allen

"Lu Yong" 陸顒
introduced and translated by Linda Feng

"Master Yang" 楊大夫
introduced and translated by Timothy Davis

 APPENDIX 1: TALES ORGANIZED BY CHRONOLOGY
APPENDIX 2: SOURCES FOR TALES WITHIN THE TAIPING GUANGJI
APPENDIX 3: TALES BY CATEGORIES WITHIN THE TAIPING GUANGJI
APPENDIX 4: TALES CATEGORIZED BY THEME OR TOPIC

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Index

Tuesday, October 3, 2017

Forgotten Disease: Illnesses Transformed in Chinese Medicine

Author:
Hilary A. Smith

Publisher:
Stanford University Press

Publication Date:
October, 2017




Abstract:

Around the turn of the twentieth century, disorders that Chinese physicians had been writing about for over a millennium acquired new identities in Western medicine—sudden turmoil became cholera; flowers of heaven became smallpox; and foot qi became beriberi. Historians have tended to present these new identities as revelations, overlooking evidence that challenges Western ideas about these conditions. In Forgotten Disease, Hilary A. Smith argues that, by privileging nineteenth century sources, we misrepresent what traditional Chinese doctors were seeing and doing, therefore unfairly viewing their medicine as inferior.

Drawing on a wide array of sources, ranging from early Chinese classics to modern scientific research, Smith traces the history of one representative case, foot qi, from the fourth century to the present day. She examines the shifting meanings of disease over time, showing that each transformation reflects the social, political, intellectual, and economic environment. The breathtaking scope of this story offers insights into the world of early Chinese doctors and how their ideas about health, illness, and the body were developing far before the advent of modern medicine. Smith highlights the fact that modern conceptions of these ancient diseases create the impression that the West saved the Chinese from age-old afflictions, when the reality is that many prominent diseases in China were actually brought over as a result of imperialism. She invites the reader to reimagine a history of Chinese medicine that celebrates its complexity and nuance, rather than uncritically disdaining this dynamic form of healing.


Table of Contents:

Foot qi in early Chinese medicine
Competing for medical authority
Simplifying and standardizing disease
The northerner's eating disorder
Getting rich and getting sick
Creating beriberi in Meiji Japan
Foot qi's multiple meanings in modern East Asia

Friday, September 29, 2017

簡牘が描く中国古代の政治と社会

Editors:
藤田勝久(Fujita Katsuhisa )・關尾史郎 (Sekio Shirō )

Publisher:
汲古書院

Publication Date:
September, 2017




Table of Contents:

はしがき 藤田勝久

中国古代の情報システムと社会――簡牘から紙・木簡の選択―― 
藤田勝久

王位の継承から見た周の東遷――清華簡『繫年』を手がかりとして―― 
水野 卓

商鞅県制の推進と秦における県・郷関係の確立
――出土史料と伝世文献による再検討――
孫 聞 博(吉田章人・關尾史郎訳)

青川郝家坪秦墓木牘補論
廣瀬薫雄

秦統一後の法令「書同文字」と古代社会における「吏学」について
  ――里耶秦簡の公文書を中心として――
蔣 非 非(畑野吉則訳)

秦簡に見える私的書信の考察――漢簡私信との比較――
呂 静・白 晨(塩沢阿美・畑野吉則訳)

漢代辺郡の文書逓伝と管理方式
畑野吉則

湖南長沙走馬楼三国呉簡の性格についての新解釈
侯 旭 東(永木敦子訳)

走馬楼呉簡に見える郷の行政
于 振 波(關尾史郎訳)

漢晋期における士伍の身分及びその変化――出土簡牘資料を中心として――
蘇 俊 林

出土史料からみた魏晋・「五胡」時代の教
關尾史郎

出土史料のテキストならびに略号一覧    
あとがき(關尾史郎)

Thursday, September 28, 2017

A Concise Companion to Confucius

Editor:
Paul R. Goldin

Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

Publication Date:
Aug, 2017




Abstract:

A Concise Companion to Confucius offers a succinct introduction to one of East Asia’s most widely-revered historical figures, providing essential coverage of his legacy at a manageable length. The volume embraces Confucius as philosopher, teacher, politician, and sage, and curates a collection of key perspectives on his life and teachings from a team of distinguished scholars in philosophy, history, religious studies, and the history of art. Taken together, chapters encourage specialists to read across disciplinary boundaries, provide nuanced paths of introduction for students, and engage interested readers who want to expand their understanding of the great Chinese master.

Divided into four distinct sections, the Concise Companion depicts a coherent figure of Confucius by examining his diverse representations from antiquity through to the modern world. Readers are guided through the intellectual and cultural influences that helped shape the development of Confucian philosophy and its reception among late imperial literati in medieval China. Later essays consider Confucius’s engagement with topics such as warfare, women, and Western philosophy, which remain fruitful avenues of philosophical inquiry today. The collection concludes by exploring the significance of Confucian thought in East Asia’s contemporary landscape and the major intellectual movements which are reviving and rethinking his work for the twenty-first century.

An indispensable resource, A Concise Companion to Confucius blazes an authoritative trail through centuries of scholarship to offer exceptional insight into one of history’s earliest and most influential ancient philosophers.

Table of Contents:

Notes on Contributors vii

Introduction: Confucius and Confucianism 1
Paul R. Goldin

Part I Representations of Confucius 13

1 Early Sources for Confucius 15
Michael Hunter

2 Confucius in Excavated Warring States Manuscripts 35
Scott Cook

3 The Unorthodox Master: The Serious and the Playful in Depictions of Confucius 52
Oliver Weingarten

4 Representations of Confucius in Apocrypha of the First Century CE 75
Zhao Lu

5 Visual Representations of Confucius 93
Julia K. Murray

Part II Confucian Ideas 131

6 Le in the Analects 133
Kwong-loi Shun

7 Women in the Analects 148
Anne Behnke Kinney

8 Confucius’ Elitism: The Concepts of junzi and xiaoren Revisited 164
Yuri Pines

9 Confucius and Filial Piety 185
Thomas Radice

10 The Gentleman’s Views on Warfare according to the Gongyang Commentary 208
Sarah A. Queen

11 Comparisons with Western Philosophy 229
Erin M. Cline

Part III The Legacy of Confucius in Imperial China 247

12 From Uncrowned King to the Sage of Profound Greatness: Confucius and the Analects in Early Medieval China 249
Alan K. L. Chan

13 The Reception of The Classic of Filial Piety from Medieval to Late Imperial China 268
Miaw-fen Lu 呂妙芬

14 Kongzi as the Uncrowned King in some Qing Gongyang Exegeses 286
On-cho Ng

Part IV Confucius and New Confucianisms in Modern East Asia 305

15 Confucianism, Capitalism, and Shibusawa Eiichi’s The Analects and the Abacus 307
John A. Tucker

16 Confucius in the May Fourth Era 330
Q. Edward Wang

17 New Confucianism 352
Yong Huang

Index 375

The Vulnerability of Integrity in Early Confucian Thought

Author:
Michael Ing

Publication Date:
2017

Publisher:
Oxford





Abstract:

The Vulnerability of Integrity in Early Confucian Thought is about the necessity and value of vulnerability in human experience. In this book, Michael Ing brings early Chinese texts into dialogue with questions about the ways in which meaningful things are vulnerable to powers beyond our control, and more specifically how relationships with meaningful others might compel tragic actions.

Vulnerability is often understood as an undesirable state; invulnerability is usually preferred. While recognizing the need to reduce vulnerability in some situations, The Vulnerability of Integrity demonstrates that vulnerability is pervasive in human experience, and enables values such as morality, trust, and maturity. Vulnerability is also the source of the need for care for oneself and for others. The possibility of tragic loss fosters compassion for others as we strive to care for each other.

This book demonstrates the plurality of Confucian thought on this topic. The first two chapters describe traditional and contemporary arguments for the invulnerability of integrity in early Confucian thought. The remainder of the book focuses on neglected voices in the tradition, which argue that our concern for others can and should lead to us compromise our own integrity. In such cases, we are compelled to do something transgressive for the sake of others, and our integrity is jeopardized in the transgressive act.

Table of Contents:

Acknowledgements
Conventions
Introduction
1. The Invulnerability of Integrity: Early Texts and Commentators
2. The Invulnerability of Integrity: Contemporary Scholarship
3. The Sorrow of Regret
4. Regret, Resentment, and Transgression
5. Irresolvable Value Conflicts in a Conflictual World
6. The Conflictual World of the Sages
7. The Vulnerability of Integrity
Conclusion: The Value of Vulnerability
Bibliography

Sunday, September 24, 2017

Place and Political Culture in ancient Greece, Rome, and China

Time:
October 25-27

Venue:
McGill University and The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts

Introduction:
The second workshop in the series is dedicated to the cluster of Places. Contributions will be grouped in four thematic rubrics: places of power, including the comparative analysis of palatial centres and monumental expressions of state authority; places of public, everyday interaction, with a discursive analysis of concepts of public and publicity; the ontology of place and the impact of the local; and places of memory.

Program:

Wednesday, October 25
Le Salon, Desmarais Building
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts

17:00 Public Keynote Address

Anthony Barbieri-Low, UC Santa Barbara
Imagining the Tomb of the First Emperor of China

Thursday, October 26
Thomson House, Ball Room, McGill University

9:30-9:45 Opening Remarks

Panel 1

9:45-10:30 Hans Beck, McGill University
Space and Place in Ancient Greece, Rome and China

10:30-11:00 Coffee Break

11:00-11:45 Amy Russell, Durham University
Concepts of Space across Time and Place: Rome and China Between Early Theories of Space and Modern Research

11:45-12:30 Luke Habberstad, University of Oregon
Local Administration and the Rise of Geography in the Roman and Han Empires

12:30-14:00 Lunch Break

14:00-14:45 Ryan Abrecht, UC San Diego
Neighborhood Life in Imperial Rome and Han Chang’an

14:45-15:30 Wentian Fu, McGill University
Imperial Gardens of Roman and Qin-Han Empires: A Comparative Study

15:30-15:45 Coffee Break

15:45-16:30 Griet Vankeerberghen, McGill University
Access and Political Culture in Rome and Western Han Chang’an

Friday, October 27
Thomson House, Ball Room, McGill University

Panel 3

9:15-10:00 Martin Mohr, Universität Zürich
Society, Territoriality and the Significance of (Sacred) Roads in Archaic Greece and in Early Imperial China

10:00-10:45 Wen-Yi Huang, McGill University
The Landscape of Empire: Roads in Early China and Ancient Rome

10:45-11:15 Coffee Break

11:15-12:00 Darian Totten, McGill University
Landscapes of Production, Production of Meaning: Salt and Local Places in Imperial Rome and China

12:00-13:30 Lunch Break

Panel 4

13:30-14:15 Alex McAuley, Cardiff University
Imitating the Emperor? The Cities of Client Kings in the Hellenistic East and the Western Regions of the Han Realm

14:15-15:00 Charles Sanft, University of Tennessee
Traces of Frontiers: Han and Roman Hinterlands

15:00-15:15 Coffee Break

15:15-16:00 Poo Mu-chou, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
The Netherworld as a Place of Hope and Reconciliation

16:00 Concluding remarks
Carlos Noreña, UC Berkeley and Robin Yates, McGill

Friday, September 22, 2017

[Dissertation] Presence and Praise: Writing the Imperial Body in Han China

Author:
Sharon Sanderovitch

Defended:
2017

School:
UC Berkeley

Advisor:
Mark Csikszentmihalyi

Abstract: 

The ruler’s body in early Chinese literature—whether silent and tranquil or bearing the scars of restless public toil; whether emanating light from the depths of the palatial chambers or displaying charisma while traversing the empire—has served as an idiom for the articulation of competing ideals of rulership, governance, and bureaucratization. This work takes the idiom of the ruler’s body and the language of imperial representation as the primary object of scrutiny. It analyzes prevalent rhetorical and literary patterns in light of observations gained in the cross-cultural study of the royal body, metaphor in political discourse, and theories of representation. In particular, I am interested in the way top-down representation, of the ruler by his officials, was conceptualized and advocated in bodily terms, giving rise to some of the most common figures in early Chinese literature. This attention to the work of language in the political discourse of the early imperial period reveals some of the unique features of Chinese theories of monarchy, and brings to light paradigms that structure the literary representation of rulers and rulership across seemingly incompatible genres.

The main texts that drive the inquiry in the three core chapters date from two middle points in the long span of the Han dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE): the reign of Emperor Cheng 成帝 (r. 33 – 7 BCE) in the late Western Han, and the reign of Emperor Zhang 章帝 (r. 75 – 88) in the early Eastern Han. The first chapter takes Liu Xiang’s 劉向 (79 – 8 BCE) Shui yuan 說苑 as the gate to an ongoing intertextual discourse of rulership and bureaucratization, looking in particular at metaphors that take the ruler’s body as the source domain. I show, in the second chapter, that some of the conceptual paradigms that structure such figurative constructions in the discourse of authority and delegation underlie literary strategies that support the goals of the ruler’s encomiasts. At the center of analysis in this chapter is Cui Yin’s 崔駰 (d. 92) “Four Panegyrics for the Imperial Tours” 四巡頌—a text that fell under the radar of most early-China scholars, East and West, due to a long interruption in its transmission. In the third chapter, focusing on the summaries and evaluations Ban Gu 班固 (32 – 92) had appended to the imperial chronicles of the Hanshu 漢書 (History of the Han), I argue that awareness to the poetics of praise is instrumental to the study not only of the rhetorical construction of the ruler’s body but also the language of imperial historiography.

This work thus examines the relation between metaphor and politics, body and representation, and history and praise so as to highlight features of the early Chinese discourse of rulership that will have hermeneutical and analytical value for scholars of Chinese literature, political thought, and theories of monarchy across cultures.

Table of Contents:

Introduction: Body, Metaphor, and Representation

Chapter 1: Metaphors of the Body Natural—Reading Liu Xiang’s “Way of the Ruler”

Chapter 2: The Poetics of Praise—Cui Yin’s “Four Panegyrics for the Imperial Tours”

Chapter 3: Praise and Paratext—Ban Gu’s History of the Han

Bibliography


[Dissertation] Changing Along with the World: Adaptive Agency in Early China

Author:
Mercedes Valmisa

Adviser:
Willard Peterson

School:
Princeton University

Defended:
2016

Abstract:

One of the major philosophical problems in Early China was the relationship between the person and the world, and in particular, how to act in relation to the world. This dissertation addresses the problem of agency in Early China, and pursues three main guiding questions: how to act efficaciously in different situations, how to cope with uncertainty and unpredictability in ordinary life, and how to achieve control and freedom.

I offer a critical and systematic analysis of an extraordinary model of successful action that I call “adaptive agency” or “adaptation” (yin 因). As opposed to other models of action attested in early texts, such as the prescriptive and the forceful, the adaptive agent necessitates great capacity of situational awareness, reflection, flexibility, and creativity in order to produce responses ad hoc: strategies of action designed for specific, non-permanent, and non-generalizable life problems. This model for choosing an action as an adjusted response to a specific situation guarantees the agent a higher success rate in his actions, let these be in political, military, professional, medical, religious, ethical or ordinary life contexts.

This dissertation is both born from a new methodological orientation and a contribution toward establishing it, by means of exemplifying how we can build meaningful critical theories in Early Chinese philosophy and intellectual history without using the obsolete hermeneutical categories of school of thought, book and author. I trace tensions and similarities in the Early Chinese approach to the problem of agency cross-textually, using a large range of textual materials and research methods. The philosophical proposal of adaptive agency is particularly suitable to this kind of methodological project, for it consistently appears across a wide variety of texts, authors, and intellectual orientations throughout the Early Chinese period, and therefore could not be studied by using the traditional hermeneutical categories.