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[公告] 「港台學術資訊」不是我的微博

Monday, May 22, 2017

Workshop "The Good Life and the Art of Feeling: Emotions as Skills in Chinese and Graeco-Roman Ethics"

(via Warp, Weft, and Way: Chinese and Comparative Philosophy 中國哲學與比較哲學)

Venue:
Institute for Philosophy, University of Bern

Date:
June 7, 2017 - June 9, 2017


Agenda:

Wednesday, June 7

The Comparative Perspective. Introductory Remarks. 
David Machek, Richard King and Anders Sydskjør, University of Berne

9–10 Passion and Politics in Plato and Xunzi. Some remarks.
Richard King, University of Berne 

Znüni (Coffee Break)

10.30–11.30 Aristotle on Eating Sweets in Theatre and Akrasia.
David Machek, University ofBerne

11.30–12.30 The Epistemic Value of Emotions. 
Fabrice Teroni, University of Geneva

Zmittag (Lunch and Rest)

14–15 Cèyĭn in the Mencius.
Winnie Sung, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

15–16 Naturalness and Excessiveness of Emotions in Cicero and the Peripatetics.
Georgia Tsouni, University of Berne

Zvieri (Coffee Break)

16.30–17.30 A Besire Theory of Action: The Significance of Wang Yangming's Liangzhi (Good Knowledge). 
Yong Huang, Chinese University of Hong kong

17.30–18.30 The Relation between Logos and Pathos in Evagrius's Praktikos. 
Kelly Harrison, University of Fribourg

Thursday, June 8

8–9 How Not to Feel What There Is to Feel: Cynic Apatheia, Atomist Ataraxia, Stoic Apatheia. 
Margaret Graver, Dartmouth College

9–10 Zhuangzi's Doctrine of No-Emotions. 
David Chai, Chinese University of Hong kong

10–11 Active Emotions in Stoicism: Feeling as a Kind of Doing. 
Brad Inwood, Yale University

Znüni (Coffee Break)

11.30–12.30 Responsiveness
(Ying) in Performance: A Relational Account of Self and World in the Zhuangzi. 
Karyn Lai, University of New South Wales, Sydney

12.30–13.30 How Passions
Give Way to Emotions in Stoicism. 
Vladimír Mikeš, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague

Zmittag (Lunch and Rest)


Friday, May 19, 2017

Old Society, New Belief: Religious Transformation of China and Rome, ca. 1st-6th Centuries

Editors:
Mu-chou Poo, H. A. Drake, and Lisa Raphals

Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Publication Date:
June 2017




Abstract:

In the first century of the Common Era, two new belief systems entered long-established cultures with radically different outlooks and values: missionaries started to spread the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth in Rome and the Buddha in China. Rome and China were not only ancient cultures, but also cultures whose elites felt no need to receive the new beliefs. Yet a few centuries later the two new faiths had become so well-established that their names were virtually synonymous with the polities they had entered as strangers. Although there have been numerous studies addressing this phenomenon in each field, the difficulty of mastering the languages and literature of these two great cultures has prevented any sustained effort to compare the two influential religious traditions at their initial period of development.

This book brings together specialists in the history and religion of Rome and China with a twofold aim. First, it aims to show in some detail the similarities and differences each religion encountered in the process of merging into a new cultural environment. Second, by juxtaposing the familiar with the foreign, it also aims to capture aspects of this process that could otherwise be overlooked. This approach is based on the general proposition that, when a new religious belief begins to make contact with a society that has already had long honored beliefs, certain areas of contention will inevitably ensue and changes on both sides have to take place. There will be a dynamic interchange between the old and the new, not only on the narrowly defined level of "belief," but also on the entire cultural body that nurtures these beliefs. Thus, this book aims to reassess the nature of each of these religions, not as unique cultural phenomena but as part of the whole cultural dynamics of human societies.

Thursday, May 18, 2017

Les monnaies de la Chine ancienne: Des origines à la fin de l’Empire

Author:
Thierry, François

Publication Date:
May, 2017

Publisher:
Paris: Les Belles Lettres



Table of Contents:

INTRODUCTION 
Une remarquable anomalie
La conception chinoise de la monnaie 
Penser la monnaie 

I-DES ORIGINES A LA FIN DES ROYAUMES COMBATTANTS 
1- AUX ORIGINES DE LA MONNAIE 
A- Les cauris 
B- Une révolution : l’homme peut fabriquer de la monnaie 
C- Premières bêches et premiers couteaux 
2- LA MONETARISATION DE LA SOCIETE 
A- Le monnayage traditionnel des Royaumes Combattants. 
B - La valeur intrinsèque et ses limites 
C- Les pseudo-monnaies 

II-L’UNIFICATION MONETAIRE 
1- LES SOURCES ECRITES 
2-L’APPORT DE L’ARCHEOLOGIE 
A-Les fiches de Shuihudi
B- Les dépôts monétaires 
3-LA MONNAIE AU QIN 
A-Monnaies et circulation monétaire 
B-Une classification des banliang 
C-Les autres monnaies 
D-Les banliang de l’empire de Qin (220-206 av. J.-C.) 

III-LA MONNAIE DES HAN DE L’OUEST 
1-LA QUESTION DU MONOPOLE D’EMISSION 
Le peuple 
Les royaumes 
L’administration impériale 
La marche au monopole
2-LA SUCCESSION DES EMISSIONS MONETAIRES 
Les yujia banliang (209-175 av. J.-C.) 
Les bazhu qian (186 av. J.-C.) 
Les wufen qian (182 av. J.-C.) 
Les sizhu banliang (175 av. J.-C.)
Les sanzhu qian (140-136 av. J.-C.) 
Les banliang de Wudi (136 av. J.-C.) 
3-LE TEMPS DES REFORMES 
Les billets de cuir et les monnaies de métal blanc (119 av. J.-C.) 
Les junguo wuzhu (118-113 av. J.-C.) 
Les chice wuzhu (115-113 av. J.-C.) 
Les sanguan wuzhu (à partir de 118 av. J.-C.) 
4-LA CLASSIFICATION DES WUZHU DE WUDI ET DE SES SUCCESSEURS 


Saturday, May 13, 2017

A Pure Mind in a Clean Body: Bodily Care in the Buddhist Monasteries of Ancient India and China

Authors:
Ann Heirman & Mathieu Torck

Publication Year:
2013

Publisher:
Gent: Academia Press




Abstract:

Buddhist monasteries, in both Ancient India and China, rightfully attract the attention of many scholars, discussing historical backgrounds, institutional networks or influential masters. Still, some aspects of monastic life have not yet received the attention they deserve. This book therefore aims to study some of the most essential, but often overlooked, issues of Buddhist life, namely, practices and objects of bodily care. For monastic authors, bodily care primarily involves bathing, washing, cleaning, shaving and trimming the nails, activities of everyday life that are performed by lay people and monastics alike. In this sense, they provide a potential bridge between two worlds that are constantly interacting with each other: monastic people and their lay followers.


Friday, May 12, 2017

睡虎地秦简と墓葬からみた楚·秦·漢

Author:
松崎つね子 (Matsuzaki Tsuneko)

Publisher:
汲古書院

Publication Date:
April, 2017



Table of Contents:

解題に代えて(髙村武幸)

第一章 睡虎地一一号秦墓竹簡「編年記」よりみた墓主「喜」について

第二章 湖北における秦墓の被葬者について
――睡虎地一一号秦墓、被葬者「喜」と関連して――

第三章 楚・秦・漢墓の変遷より秦の統一をみる
――頭向・葬式・墓葬構造等を通じて――

第四章 戦国楚の木俑と鎮墓獣について

第五章 戦国秦漢の墓葬に見る地下世界の変遷
――馬王堆漢墓を手がかりに――

第六章 漆器烙印文字に見る秦漢髹漆工芸経営形態の変遷とその意味

第七章 「㳉」について
――『秦律』「效律」解釈を通じて――

第八章 睡虎地秦簡にみる秦の馬牛管理
――龍崗秦簡・馬王堆一号漢墓「副葬品目録」もあわせて――

第九章 睡虎地秦簡よりみた秦の家族と国家

第一〇章 睡虎地秦簡における「非公室告」・「家罪」

あとがき・編者後記・英文目次・中文目次・索 引

Saturday, May 6, 2017

Age of Empires: Art of the Qin and Han Dynasties

Editor:
Zhixin Sun

Publisher:
Metropolitan Museum of Art

Publication Date:
April 24, 2017



Abstract:
Age of Empires presents the art and culture of China during one of the most critical periods of its history – the four centuries from 221 B.C. to A.D. 200-- when, for the first time, people of diverse backgrounds were brought together under centralized imperial rule that fostered a new and unified identity. The Qin and Han empires represent the “classical” era of Chinese civilization, coinciding in both importance and timing with the Greco-Roman period in the West. Under the short-lived Qin and centuries-long Han, warring principalities were united under a common emperor, creating not only political and intellectual institutions but also the foundation for a Chinese art, culture, and national identity that lasted over two millennia.  Over 150 works from across the full breadth of Chinese artistic and decorative media-- including ceramics, metalwork, textiles, armor, sculpture, and jewelry – are featured in this book and attest to the unprecedented role of art in ancient Chinese culture. These stunning objects, among them soldiers from the renowned terracotta army of Qin Shihuang, China’s first emperor, are drawn from institutions and collections in China and appear here together for the first time.

Essays by leading scholars, accompanied by dazzling new photography of the objects, address the sweeping societal changes underway, and trace a progression from the early, formative years through unprecedented sophistication and technical accomplishment—embodied in an artistic legacy that reverberates in China’s national identity to this day.

Table of Contents:

1. The Making of China: The Establishement of a Lasting Political Paradigm and Cultural Identity During the Qin and Han Dynasties
(Zhixin Sun)

2. Qin and Han Political institutions and Administration
(Robin D. S. Yates)

3. Military Armaments of the Qin and Han
(Yang Hong)

4. The Qin and Han Imperial Citiy: Modeling and Visualizing Architecture
(Cary Y. Liu)

5. The Ingenuity of Qin-Han Craftsmanship
(Pengliang Lu) 

6. Popular Beliefs in the Qin an Han Dynasties
(Lillian Lan-ying Tseng 曾藍瑩) 

7. Qin-Han China and the Outside World
(I-tien Hsing 邢義田)

Monday, May 1, 2017

Origins of Chinese Political Philosophy: Studies in the Composition and Thought of the Shangshu (Classic of Documents)

Editors:
Martin Kern, and Dirk Meyer

Publisher:
Brill

Publication Date:
May 2017




Abstract:

Origins of Chinese Political Philosophy is the first book in any Western language to explore the composition, language, thought, and early history of the Shangshu (Classic of Documents), one of the pillars of the Chinese textual, intellectual, and political tradition. In examining the text from multiple disciplinary and intellectual perspectives, Origins of Chinese Political Philosophy challenges the traditional accounts of the nature and formation of the Shangshu and its individual chapters. As it analyzes in detail the central ideas and precepts given voice in the text, it further recasts the Shangshu as a collection of dynamic cultural products that expressed and shaped the political and intellectual discourses of different times and communities.


Table of Contents:

Introduction 1
Martin Kern and Dirk Meyer

1 Language and the Ideology of Kingship in the “Canon of Yao 堯典” 23
Martin Kern

2 Competing Voices in the Shangshu 62
Kai Vogelsang

3 Recontextualization and Memory Production: Debates on Rulership as
Reconstructed from “Gu ming” 顧命 106
Dirk Meyer


Sunday, April 30, 2017

西晉時代の都城と政治

Author:
田中一輝 (Tanaka Kazuki)

Publisher:
朋友書店

Publication Year:
2017




Abstract:

魏晉期の都城構造を分析することで、その皇帝の権威との関係を解明したうえで、西晉政治史の諸問題を検討し、西晉一代における皇帝の権威・権力の実態と変遷の過程をたどり、それらが以後の時代に与えた影響を明らかにする。(出版社による紹介文)

Table of Contents:

緒言
第一章 魏晉洛陽城研究序説
はじめに
第一節 後漢・魏晉洛陽城の研究史
第二節 二官説の検討
第三節 宣陽門の位置と中軸線問題
おわりに

第二章 魏晉洛陽城研究序説補遺
はじめに
第一節 後漢崇徳殿について
第二節 『三国志』裴松之注
第三節 東官と西官
第四節 中軸線の有無
おわりに

第三章 魏晉洛陽城の高層建築:「高さ」から見た都城と政治
はじめに
第一節 凌雲台とその「高さ」
第二節 高層建築の「高さ」と政治の関係
むすびにかえて

第四章 西晉の東宮と外戚楊氏
はじめに
第一節 武帝による東宮改革
第二節 賈充・楊珧の東宮入り
第三節 太康三年以降の東宮三傅
第四節 楊駿の奪権
第五節 恵帝即位後の東宮
おわりに

第五章 西晉恵帝期の政治における賈后と詔
はじめに
第一節 恵帝即位直後の政変
第二節 元康年間の政治
第三節 賈后の死とその後の政局
おわりに

第六章 西晉後期における皇帝と宗室諸王
はじめに
第一節 内乱の拡大と皇帝・宗室諸王
第二節 東海王越の挙兵と宗室諸王の権威
1.東海王越の挙兵/2.永嘉年間における東海王越と懐帝
第三節 東晉の成立へ:むすびにかえて

第七章 永嘉の乱の実像
はじめに
第一節 初期の情勢
1.劉淵の初期の軍事行動/2.汲桑の乱の顛末/3.情勢の総括
第二節 挟撃戦略の確立とその成果
第三節 永嘉四年以降の情勢
おわりに

第八章 玉璽の行方:正統性の相克
はじめに
第一節 八王の乱・永嘉の乱と玉璽の行方
第二節 東晉による玉璽の「回収」
おわりに

結語

Thursday, April 27, 2017

[Dissertation] The Continued Creation of Communities of Practice – Finding Variation in the Western Zhou Expansion (1046-771 BCE)

Author: 
Yitzchak Jaffe

School: 
Harvard University

Defended: 
2016

Abstract:

This work explores the question of when and how China became Chinese by studying state sponsored colonial expansion and intercultural interactions during the Western Zhou period (1046-771 BCE). Because Confucius and his followers considered this period the golden age of civilization, scholars have traditionally paid little attention to existing ethnic and cultural diversity and created the illusion that Chinese culture, in Han style, already existed at this early date. However, my investigation of everyday activities, food preparation and ritual events surrounding mortuary customs, highlights the complex relationship between the Zhou and the people they encountered. 

Following their conquest of the Shang polity in the middle of the 11th century BCE, the Zhou began a swift campaign of colonization during which members of the royal family were sent to defend and expand strategic zones around the new realm. The traditional narrative – one that focuses on the formation of the later unified Chinese Empire and civilization – sees the Zhou as those who, through military expansion and conquest, successfully Sinicized and acculturated the peoples that would make up the Chinese world. 

Yet this narrative overemphasizes the homogeneity of Zhou identity and fails to account for the multifaceted nature of Chinese culture and origins. These interpretations have relied heavily on later historical texts and information gleaned from inscriptions of bronze ritual vessels, themselves biased towards the Zhou elite world view, while archaeology has played a second fiddle to historical reconstructions. 

This dissertation compared separate regions of the Zhou expansion: Gansu in the west, Shandong peninsula in the East and the Shanxi plains to the north of the Central Plains. Cemeteries were examined to investigate the mortuary customs of local people and ceramic vessels to study culinary traditions, in an effort to show how every day and ritual-specific practices and were influenced by the Zhou. Culinary research involved the detailed study and usewear analysis of freshly excavated ceramic assemblages to understand community specific cooking and serving practices. Ceramic assemblages from four pre-Zhou and Zhou sites in Shandong province were compared to sites in the core zone of the Zhou polity to assess the impact of the Zhou arrival. My analysis shows that each of the four sites observed its own community specific culinary and mortuary traditions: An increase in cooking vessel size at some, indicating a shift to larger eating parties, while at others the way food was cooked: from a mix of roasting and braising cooking modes to a focus on boiling and stewing. In Gansu the Zhou had little impact on the multitude of existing community-specific mortuary practices and remained separate from the local population, while in the Beijing area the Zhou invaders played down their military identity and allowed local groups to participate in their mortuary practices. 


Consequently, my study finds that the Zhou expansion did not result in the homogenization of the ancient cultural landscape, but instead that the Zhou influence had unequal results: from acceptance to rejection and mostly to its reorganization to suit local needs and agendas. The Zhou influence was regional in scope but local in outcome. In effect these interactions created various new forms of localized social identities across North China, which differ profoundly from the homogeneous Zhou elite culture depicted in the canonical histories. 

Saturday, April 22, 2017

[Dissertation] A Bioarchaeological Analysis of the Effects of the Xiongnu Empire on the Physical Health of Nomadic Groups in Iron Age Mongolia

Author:
Joseph, Veronica Adelle

Year:
2016

School:
Boston University

Abstract:

The Xiongnu Empire (c. 200 BC – AD 100) was the first instance of imperial level organization by nomadic groups of the Mongolian steppe. Over a century of historical and archaeological research has produced a large body of scholarship on the political, military, and sociocultural structures of Xiongnu society. This study adds to the growing body of recent bioarchaeological research by using multiple lines of evidence to address the impacts of empire formation on the physical health of those who lived under the influence of Xiongnu rule.

Models of Xiongnu empire formation posit stable access to Chinese agricultural goods and reduction in violent conflict as major motivating factors in establishing imperial-level organization among Mongolian nomadic groups. By gathering data from the skeletal remains of 349 individuals from 27 archaeological sites and analyzing the frequency of 10 dietary and health indicators, this study addresses these claims. The Xiongnu imperial expansion and administration resulted in the movement and/or displacement of nomadic groups, consequences that are documented in Chinese historical texts, but its impact on population structure is poorly understood. Craniometric data collected from this skeletal sample were used to conduct a model-bound biological distance analysis and fit to an unbiased relationship matrix to determine the amount of intra- and inter-group variation, and estimate the biological distance between different geographic and temporal groups.

This skeletal sample includes individuals from 19 Xiongnu-period sites located across the region under Xiongnu imperial control. Individuals from eight Bronze Age sites in Mongolia were included to establish pre-Xiongnu health status. One agricultural site within the Han empire, contemporaneous with the Xiongnu, was included for comparison.

The results of this study indicate that Xiongnu motivations for creating a nomadic empire were considerably more complex than current models suggest. Although historical texts document that the Xiongnu received agricultural products as tribute from China, dietary markers indicate the Xiongnu diet was more similar to that of their Bronze Age predecessors than to their agricultural Han neighbors. The movement of people across the Mongolian steppe during the Xiongnu period created a more phenotypically homogeneous population structure than that of previous Bronze Age groups.


Table of Contents:
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. The Xiongnu Empire: Ecological, Historical, and Archaeological Context
Chapter 3. Models of Nomadic Empire Formation and Research Questions 
Chapter 4. Bioarchaeological Models
Chapter 5. Research Collections and Data Sample
Chapter 6. Data Collection Methods
Chapter 7. Data Analysis
Chapter 8. Discussion
Chapter 9. Conclusion

Saturday, April 15, 2017

[Dissertation] Cult and Calendars in the Ancient Empires of Qin, Han, and Rome

Author:
Rebecca Robinson

School:
McGill University

Department:
Department of History and Classical Studies

Year:
2016

Abstract: 

Cult and Calendars in the Ancient Empires of Qin, Han, and Rome is a comparison of reforms made to imperial cult and calendar during the formative years of empire.  As distinct from ruler cult, I define imperial cult as cult activity worshiped both by the emperor and on his authority.  The early years of the Qin Han and Roman empires saw imperially-sponsored cult increase dramatically, and saw the positioning of the person of the emperor at the centre of all cult activity.  In both empires, reforms to state cult and calendars were initiated as part of a larger program of consolidating power around the person of the emperor.  Despite the very different challenges facing the emperors of Han and Rome, there is a remarkable similarity in the areas in which they chose to consolidate their power, as well as the methods through which they carried out their reforms.  In both empires, the rulers sought the advice of advisors from outside of the traditional elite, incorporating astronomical and religious knowledge from diverse regions and peoples.  This outside knowledge and practices were then incorporated into state cult, reshaping the way that the emperors and their subordinates worshipped.  I argue that these reforms to cult, and the incorporation of outside knowledge, was fundamental to the consolidation of power in the person of the emperor. 

Examining the expansion of cult practices, calendrical reforms, and spectacular performances, the dissertation uncovers the processes in the transformation of imperial cult to fit the changing needs of empire.  Rather than seeking parallels in belief systems or cult practice, the dissertation compares the ways in which religious institutions both shaped and communicated a new imperial order.  The juxtaposition of the two societies reveals not only the similarities and differences in these processes, but also the biases of historical sources and subsequent scholarship in both fields.

Thursday, April 13, 2017

蜀の美術:鏡と石造遺物にみる後漢期の四川文化

Author:
楢山満照 (Narayama, Mitsuteru)

Publisher:
早稲田大学出版部


Abstract:
後漢時代の蜀、すなわち現在の四川地域でつくられた鏡、および画像石や石闕などの石造遺物には、独特の図像表現がみられる。「官営工房の動向」と「儒教の礼教主義」という2つのトピックから、この時代の四川地域で作られた造形美術にみられる独特の表現形式の経緯を探る。掲載写真多数。

Table of Contents:

まえがき
緒論 四川の造形美術と地域文化
1 四川の造形美術をめぐる本書の問題意識
2 後漢の美術を見据えた「四川」という視座

第1部 銅鏡の生産体制と官営工房の動向

序章 後漢鏡研究における四川という極

第一章 広漢郡製作の紀年鏡の資料的意義
はじめに
1 広漢郡製作鏡の概要
2 広漢郡製作鏡をめぐる問題の所在
小結

第二章 広漢郡製作の元興元年銘鏡の製作事情:紀年の偏在に関する考察その一
はじめに
1 銘文をめぐる問題
2 工官の活動とその製品
3 尚方の動向と工官への影響
4 宦官勢力の伸張と元興元年銘鏡
小結

第三章 桓帝・霊帝代の作例の製作事情:紀年の偏在に関する考察その二
はじめに
1 元興元年以降の官営工房の動向
2 桓帝代の官営工房の動向
3 霊帝代の官営工房の動向
小結
終章 広漢郡製作鏡の意義と官営工房の動向


第2部 漢代画像と儒教の礼教主義

序章 儒教による支配と図像表現にみる地域色

第一章 四川における「聖人」の一表現:三段式神仙鏡の図像解釈をめぐって
はじめに
1 三段式神仙鏡の図像と従来の解釈
2 四川出土作品による図像解釈の再検討
3 四川出土作品の製作地
4 劉向『列女伝』と「尭賜舜二女」の役割
5 聖人の図像表現とその志向
小結

第二章 漢代画像にみる聖帝像の機能
はじめに
1 服部コレクションの三段式神仙鏡
2 三段式神仙鏡にみる聖帝像の機能
3 漢代画像石にみる尭舜禅譲図
小結

第三章 仏教受容前夜の四川:その死生観に関する図像学的考察
はじめに
1 後漢の神仙方術的仏教と四川:問題の所在
2 墓域における石閾の位置と役割
3 石閾にみる図像と歴史故事の役割
4 歴史故事図像の表現と石閾造営者の意図
小結

第四章 漢代画像石にみる荊軻刺秦王図:義士の英雄化と神仙化の契機をめぐって
はじめに
1 荊軻刺秦王図の基本構造
2 陝西省神木県出土作品にみる柱の表現と崑崙山
3 銅柱をめぐるイメージの混交
小結

終章 画像資料からみた儒教的徳目実践の目的

結論 後漢の美術における四川の位置付け

あとがき
図版一覧
テキスト出典
索引
英分要旨

Tuesday, April 11, 2017

Intellectual Activism in Knowledge Organization: A Hermeneutic Study of the Seven Epitomes (七略)

Author:
Lee Hur-Li

Publication Year:
July 2016

Publisher:
Taipei: National Taiwan University Press





Abstract:

Chinese bibliography has a long history and tradition of its own, going back two millennia. It resembles critical bibliography, incorporates key features of today’s library cataloging and classification (a branch of enumerative bibliography), and shares significant common ground with intellectual history. This rich bibliographic tradition has not intersected with other traditions and is known only to scholars of Chinese bibliography, intellectual history, and classical studies. In the field of knowledge organization, it is a virtual unknown and, thus, presents excellent opportunities for research.

Intellectual Activism in Knowledge Organization is an interdisciplinary analysis of the Chinese bibliographic tradition written for a wide audience. In particular, the study investigates the classification applied in the Seven Epitomes《七略》, the first library catalog on record in Chinese history, completed a few years before the Common Era. It is important to study this classification, which is said to have established the model for the entire Chinese bibliographic tradition, where classification has always been an integral part and the sole mechanism for organization. While influential, neither the classificatory principles nor the structure of the classification are well understood. In the book, Lee Hur-Li conducts a hermeneutic study of three main aspects of the classification: the classification’s epistemology, its overall classificatory mechanics, and its concept of author as an organizing element. Taking a socio-epistemological approach, the study applies an analytical framework to the examination of the classification in its proper social, cultural, historical, and technological contexts. Lee concludes by summarizing the major achievements of the classification and articulating implications of the findings for various disciplines.

Table of Contents:

Periodization of Chinese Dynasties
Emperors of the Qin, Former Han, and Xin Dynasties
Conventions in Romanization and Chinese Characters
Foreword/Richard P. Smiraglia
Preface

1. Introduction
 A brief literary history
 The history of Chinese bibliography
 Knowledge, knowledge organization, and social influences
 A hermeneutic study

2. Background
 The monumental collation project
 Separate Résumés, Seven Epitomes, and “Han Bibliographic Treatise”
 Polymaths Liu Xiang 劉向 and Liu Xin 劉歆
 Framing the study

3. The Composition
 The Collective Epitome
 The main classes and their divisions
 Individual entries
 Bibliographic purposes and objectives

4. The Epistemic Foundation
 Knowledge and knowing according to Ru 儒 Classicism
 Knowledge and knowing in the Seven Epitomes
 Debating the debatable

5. The Mechanics
 Dichotomies and categories
 Ranked dichotomies and hierarchies
 Principles and irregularities

6. Authorship
 What is an author or a work?
 Author information in the Seven Epitomes
 Personal names versus cultural icons
 Author and the knowledge structure

7. Conclusions: Achievements and Influences
 A groundbreaking tool for organizing a library
 A decisive force in scholarship
 An authoritative but controversial intellectual history
 Intellectual activism in knowledge organization
 Influence in Chinese bibliography
 The future: Implications across disciplines

Appendix A: The Collective Epitome of the Seven Epitomes
Appendix B: Chinese Names in Chinese Characters and pinyin
Bibliography
中文參考書目
Index

Sunday, April 2, 2017

The Oxford Handbook of Classical Chinese Literature (1000 BCE - 900 CE)

Editors:
Wiebke Denecke, Wai-yee Li, and Xiaofei Tian

Publisher: 
Oxford University Press

Publication Date:
April, 2017




Abstract:

This volume introduces readers to classical Chinese literature from its beginnings (ca. 10th century BCE) to the tenth century CE. It asks basic questions such as: How did reading and writing practices change over these two millennia? How did concepts of literature evolve? What were the factors that shaped literary production and textual transmission? How do traditional bibliographic categories, modern conceptions of genre, and literary theories shape our understanding of classical Chinese literature? What are the recurrent and evolving concerns of writings within the period under purview? What are the dimensions of human experience they address? Why is classical Chinese literature important for our understanding of pre-modern East Asia? How does the transmission of this literature in Japan, Korea, and Vietnam define cultural boundaries? And what, in turn, can we learn from the Chinese-style literatures of Japan, Korea, and Vietnam, about Chinese literature? In addressing these questions, the Oxford Handbook of Classical Chinese Literature departs from standard literary histories and sourcebooks. It does not simply categorize literary works according to periods, authors, or texts. Its goal is to offer a new conceptual framework for thinking about classical Chinese literature by defining a four-part structure. The first section discusses the basics of literacy and includes topics such as writing systems, manuscript culture, education, and loss and preservation in textual transmission. It is followed by a second section devoted to conceptions of genre, textual organization, and literary signification throughout Chinese history. A third section surveys literary tropes and themes. The final section takes us beyond China to the surrounding cultures that adopted Chinese culture and produced Chinese style writing adapted to their own historical circumstances. The volume is sustained by a dual foci: the recuperation of historical perspectives for the period it surveys and the attempt to draw connections between past and present, demonstrating how the viewpoints and information in this volume yield insights into modern China and east Asia.

Table of Contents:

Acknowledgements
Contributor List
Timeline of Chinese Dynasties

SECTION ONE: INTRODUCTION
1. Key Concepts of 2. Periodization and Major Inflection Points (Stephen Owen)

SECTION TWO: BASICS OF LITERACY
I. Technology and Media
Editor's Introduction (Xiaofei Tian)
3. The Chinese Writing System (Imre Galambos)
4. Literary Media: Writing and Orality (Christopher M. B. Nugent)
5. Manuscript Culture (Christopher M. B. Nugent)
6. The Relationship of Calligraphy and Painting to Literature (Ronald Egan)

II. Institutions of Literary Culture
Editor's Introduction (Xiaofei Tian)
7. Education and the Examination System (Rebecca Doran)
8. Text and Commentary: The Early Tradition (Michael Puett)
9. Text and Commentary in the Medieval Period (Yu-yu Cheng 鄭毓瑜)
10. Literary Learning: Encyclopedias and Epitomes (Xiaofei Tian)
11. Libraries, Book Catalogues, Lost Writings (Glen Dudbridge)

SECTION THREE: LITERARY PRODUCTION
I. Traditional Genre Spectrum
Editor's Introduction (Wai-yee Li)
12. Classics (David Schaberg)
13. Histories (Stephen Durrant)
14. Masters (Wiebke Denecke)
15. Collections (Xiaofei Tian)

II. Modern Perspectives on Genre
Editor's Introduction (Wai-yee Li)
16. 17. Elite and Popular Literature (Wilt Idema)
18. Narrative Genres (Sarah Allen)

III. Collecting, Editing, Transmitting
Editor's Introduction (Xiaofei Tian)
19. Pre-Tang Anthologies and Anthologization (David R. Knechtges)
20. Anthologies in the Tang (Paul W. Kroll)
21. The Song Reception of Earlier Literature (Stephen Owen)
22. Textual Transmission of Earlier Literature during the Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties (Wai-yee Li)

IV. Literature and Metaliterature
Editor's Introduction (Wiebke Denecke)
23. Defenses of Literature/Literary Thought/Poetics (Paul Rouzer)
24. Concepts of Authorship (Wai-yee Li)
25. Tradition Formation: Beginnings to Eastern Han (Stephen Durrant)
26. Classicisms in Chinese Literary Culture: Six Dynasties through Tang (Anna Shields)

SECTION FOUR: MOMENTS, SITES, FIGURES
Editor's Introduction (Wai-yee Li)
27. Moments (Paula Varsano)
28. Sites I (Jack Chen)
29. Sites II (Wendy Swartz)
30. Figures (Wai-yee Li)

SECTION FIVE: EARLY AND MEDIEVAL CHINA AND THE WORLD
Editor's Introduction (Wiebke Denecke)
31. Colonization, Sinicization, and the Multigraphic Northwest (Tamara T. Chin)
32. Translation (Daniel Boucher)
33. Shared Literary Heritage in the Sinographic Sphere (Wiebke Denecke, with contributions by Nam Nguyen)
34. Sino-Korean Literature (Peter Kornicki)
35. Early Sino-Japanese Literature (Wiebke Denecke)
36. Sino-Vietnamese Literature (Peter Kornicki)

Thursday, March 30, 2017

Music in Ancient China: An Archaeological and Art Historical Study of Strings, Winds, and Drums during the Eastern Zhou and Han Periods (770 BCE-220 CE)

Author:
Ingrid Furniss

Publisher:
Cambria Press

Publication Date:
September 28, 2011



Abstract:
Many tombs dating to the Eastern Zhou (770-221 BCE) and Han (206 BCE-220 AD) periods contain musical instruments or their visual representations in the form of wood, stone, and ceramic figures, tomb tiles, and engravings. These finds suggest that music was viewed as an important part of the afterlife. While bells have survived more frequently than wooden instruments, and therefore have received the most scholarly attention, strings, winds, and drums are the focus of discussion in this book.

The book examines the use of these three instrument types in both solo and ensemble music, as well as the social, ritual, and entertainment functions of each. When combined with bells (and chime stones), strings, drums, and winds appear to have been associated with formal ritual ceremonies. However, when appearing alone or in assemblages with other wooden instruments during Zhou, they appear to be connected with warfare and entertainment. By Han times, strings, winds, and drums seem to be associated almost exclusively with entertainment, pointing to a shift in the social life of the times.

Another topic explored in this book is the association of musical instruments with wealth. When combined with bells and chime stones, they are only found in the wealthiest tombs. However, when found by themselves, strings, winds, and drums appear in small to large, modest to wealthy tombs, suggesting that they were available to a broad range of peoples in early Chinese elite society. This book analyzes an often disregarded aspect of early Chinese music, the role of strings, winds, and drums.

Table of Contents:

Chapter One: Introduction and Methodology

Chapter Two: Musical Instruments from Neolithic to Western Zhou

Chapter Three: Drums in Eastern Zhou and Han Tombs

Chapter Four: Strings in Eastern Zhou and Han Tombs

Chapter Five: Winds in Eastern Zhou and Han Tombs

Chapter Six: Wooden Instrument Ensembles in Eastern Zhou

Chapter Seven: Wooden Instrument Ensembles in Han

Chapter Eight: Ensembles with Wooden Instruments, Bells, and Chime Stones

Chapter Nine: Han Tombs with Bells and Chime Stones

Chapter Ten: Conclusions

Wooden Instruments After Han

Appendix One: Eastern Zhou Tombs by Category

Appendix Two: Selected List of Southeastern Han Tombs by Category

Appendix Three: Selected Southeastern Han Tombs and Shrines by Province and Site

Appendix Four: Northeastern Han Tombs by Category

Appendix Five: Selected Northeastern Han Tombs

Notes

Bibliography of Cited Sources

Glossary of Chinese Terms

Index

Wednesday, March 29, 2017

[Dissertation] Viewing the Han Empire from the Edge

Author:
Hsieh, Mei-Yu

Year:
2011

School:
Stanford University

Advisor:
Lewis, Mark E.

Abstract:

This dissertation examines in the continental context the building and maintenance of the Han state, which existed in the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers regions roughly from the second century B.C.E. to the second century C.E. It surveys the trajectory that transformed the Han state from a regional polity confined to the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers regions to a trans-regional superpower, exerting its influence across East Eurasia. I focus specifically on the interstate interaction between the Yellow River region (the Han), on the steppe (the Xiongnu), and in the Tarim Basin (multiple oasis-states) from the beginning of the second century B.C.E. to the early first century C.E. as my case study. 

Making use of both transmitted and excavated Han texts, I demonstrate that two major mechanisms facilitated the transformative process of the Han state in the political landscape of East Eurasia. One was horizontal kin ties between the Han emperor and peer rulers. The other was the vertically-structured imperial bureaucracy that organized communities in the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers regions for imperial power-building. 

In particular, the imperial bureaucracy evolved into the nodal mechanism to sustain imperial initiatives. On the one hand, it vertically incorporated into its writing-based system individuals of diverse social, cultural, and geographic backgrounds in the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers regions as the support base of the Han emperor. On the other hand, it horizontally facilitated the emperor's kinship-based alliance network across East Eurasia. This bureaucratic mechanism became the backbone that continued to weave together complex communities in the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers regions regardless of the rise and fall of ruling houses.

Sunday, March 26, 2017

The Collection for the Propagation and Clarification of Buddhism, Vol. II

Author and Compiler:
Shi Sengyou 釋僧祐 (445–518)

Translator:
Harumi Hirano Ziegler

Publish Year: 
2017

Publisher: 
BDK America



Abstract:

The Collection for the Propagation and Clarification of Buddhism (Hongming ji 弘明集) is widely known as an invaluable source to examine the early development of Chinese Buddhism and how this foreign religion was accepted and adopted in Chinese society. A notable aspect of this work is that Buddhist tenets are explained using Confucian and Daoist terminology. While the Collection is a Buddhist work from chiefly the fourth and fifth centuries, it also serves well as a primary source for studies of contemporary Daoism.

Table of Contents:

A Message on the Publication of the English Tripiṭaka  NUMATA Yehan
Foreword   MAYEDA Sengaku
Publisher’s Foreword     A. Charles Muller
Translator’s Introduction   Harumi Hirano Ziegler

Fascicle Eight

Fascicle Nine

Fascicle Ten

Fascicle Eleven

Fascicle Twelve
     
Fascicle Thirteen

Fascicle Fourteen

For more information please see http://www.bdkamerica.org/book/collection-propagation-and-clarification-buddhism-vol-ii

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

Women in Imperial China

Author:
Bret Hinsch

Publisher:
Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield

Publication Year:
2016



Abstract:
This accessible text provides a comprehensive survey of women’s history in China from the Neolithic period through the end of the Qing dynasty in the early twentieth century. Rather than providing an exhaustive chronicle of this vast subject, Bret Hinsch pinpoints the themes that characterized distinct periods in Chinese women’s history and delves into the perception of female identity in each era. Moving beyond the traditional focus on the late imperial era, Hinsch explores how gender relations have developed and changed since ancient times. His chronological look at the most important female roles in every major dynasty showcases not only the constraints women faced but also their vast accomplishments throughout the millennia. Hinsch’s extensive use of Chinese-language scholarship lends his book a fresh perspective rare among Western scholars. Professors and students will find this an invaluable textbook for Chinese women’s studies and an excellent supplement for courses in gender studies and Chinese history.

Table of Contents:
Major Chinese Dynasties
Preface
Chapter 1: Ancient Beginnings: Prehistory, Shang, and Zhou Dynasties
Chapter 2: Womanhood under Empire: Qin and Han Dynasties
Chapter 3: Order Out of Chaos: The Early Medieval Era
Chapter 4: An Era of Effervescence: Tang Dynasty
Chapter 5: The Great Transition: Song Dynasty
Chapter 6: Explorations and Restraints: Ming Dynasty
Chapter 7: Pondering Possibilities: Qing Dynasty
Conclusion
Glossary
Bibliography
Index

Friday, March 17, 2017

[Dissertation] Divorce and the Divorced Woman in Early Medieval China (First through Sixth Century)

Author:
Tang Qiaomei

School:
Harvard University

Year:
2016

Abstract:

This dissertation consists of two parts: a cultural study of divorce in early medieval China and a literary study of the divorced woman as represented in various early medieval Chinese writings, including literary and historical writings, legal, ritual and medical texts, and tomb epitaphs. 

A comparison between the rites, norms and regulations prescribed for women in ritual classics, and women’s lived experiences as recounted in historical writings, shows a greater discrepancy between norm and practice in the early medieval period than in later periods. Normative prescriptions were generally not followed by women of this period, and women enjoyed a more relaxed social and familial environment than their late imperial counterparts. The gap between norm and practice was extended into many areas of familial and social life, including marriage and divorce. An examination of actual divorce cases reveals that neither the Seven Conditions (qichu 七出) nor the Three Prohibitions (sanbuqu 三不去) were strictly adhered to when divorce took place. Divorce happened to people from all levels of society, and could be initiated by both men and women for reasons outside of the Seven Conditions and the Three Prohibitions. Divorce was not regarded as a social taboo in early medieval China.

The unstable social and political environment that characterizes the early medieval period gave rise to some ritual deviations and anomalies, among which was the two-principal-wives (liangdi 兩嫡) phenomenon. Debates and discussions on this marital predicament anchored on the issue of divorce, that is, how should the martial status of the two wives be defined? A thorny
case of a sixth-century liangdi dilemma reveals that during the long divide between north and south, the contestation between wives for the principal wife status mirrored the contention for cultural supremacy and political legitimacy between northern and southern elite.

Generally speaking, divorced women were not stigmatized in early medieval China, and remarriage was an acceptable recourse for them. Historians appeared to be indifferent to her plight, and tended to write of the divorced woman only to help tell the story of the man who divorced her. In contrast, in poetic writings, the divorced woman was not viewed only in relation
to her ex-husband. She was instead a disconnected, isolated figure, and her emotions took center stage. This comparison reveals that the image of the divorced woman in early medieval China reflects both the mindset of the men who formulate her in writing, as well as the constraints imposed by each writing genre.