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Monday, June 26, 2017

Books of Fate and Popular Culture in Early China: The Daybook Manuscripts of the Warring States, Qin, and Han

Donald Harper and Marc Kalinowski

Publication Date:
August 2017



Books of Fate and Popular Culture in Early China is a comprehensive introduction to the manuscripts known as daybooks, examples of which have been found in Warring States, Qin, and Han tombs (453 BCE–220 CE). Their main content concerns hemerology, or “knowledge of good and bad days.” Daybooks reveal the place of hemerology in daily life and are invaluable sources for the study of popular culture.

Eleven scholars have contributed chapters examining the daybooks from different perspectives, detailing their significance as manuscript-objects intended for everyday use and showing their connection to almanacs still popular in Chinese communities today as well as to hemerological literature in medieval Europe and ancient Babylon.

Table of Contents:

List of Maps, Tables, Figures, and Plates
Tables 0.1–0.9
Map 0.1

Donald Harper and Marc Kalinowski
 Technical Occult and Scientific Literature
 Codicology of Daybook Manuscripts
 Daybook Studies and Ancient Chinese Hemerology
 Conventions Used in this Volume
 Chinese Terms and Translations
 Latin, Medieval Vernacular, and Cuneiform Sources
 Chinese Conceptual Terms and Hemerological Terminology
1 Daybooks in Archaeological Context
Alain Thote
 Daybooks in Tombs
 The Four Tombs
 Manuscripts in Tombs
2 Daybooks: A Type of Popular Hemerological Manual of the Warring States, Qin, and Han
Liu Lexian 劉樂賢
 Content and Defining Features of Daybooks
 Overview of Fully Published Daybooks and Daybook-Related Manuscripts
 Unpublished or Partially Published Hemerological Material
 Comparison of Daybooks to Related Technical Literature in Excavated Manuscripts
 Daybooks from the Perspective of the Bibliographic Treatise of the Book of Han Daybooks and Later Hemerological Texts
3 Daybooks in the Context of Manuscript Culture and Popular Culture Studies
Donald Harper
 Hemerology and Hemerological Literature through the Lens of Late Han Historiography
 Makers and Users of Daybooks
 The Form and Function of Daybook Manuscripts
 Daybooks in Everyday Life
4 Hemerology and Prediction in the Daybooks: Ideas and Practices
Marc Kalinowski
 Daily Activities and Life Expectations in the Daybooks
 Techniques and Systems
 Supplement 4.1
 Supplement 4.2
 Supplement 4.3
 Supplement 4.4
 Supplement 4.5
5 Daybooks and the Spirit World
Yan Changgui 晏昌貴
 The Spirit World
 Spirit Origin and Background: Explanation of the “Death Corpse-Ghost” 
 Expelling Demons and Spirits: Techniques of Exorcism in “Spellbinding”
 Spirits in the Context of Hemerology
 Supplement 5.1
6 The Zidanku 子彈庫 Silk Manuscripts
Li Ling 李零
 Discovery of the Zidanku Silk Manuscripts and the History of Ownership
 The Zidanku Silk Manuscripts: Physical Description and Contents
 The Zidanku Silk Manuscripts and Ancient Chinese Hemerological Literature
7 Calendars and Calendar Making in Qin and Han Times
Christopher Cullen
 Looking at a Calendar
 Calculating the Calendar
 Who Calculated the Calendar?
8 Daybooks in Qin and Han Religion
Marianne Bujard
 The First Tiller Cult: Public and Private Rites
 Local Cults of the Qin and Han
 Private Rituals in the Daybooks
9 The Legacy of Daybooks in Late Imperial and Modern China
Richard Smith
 Brief Overview of Calendars and Almanacs from the Tang through the Ming Dynasty
 State-Sponsored Cosmology in the Qing
 The State Calendar and Its Derivatives
 Qing Dynasty Almanacs
 Concluding Remarks
10 Hemerology in Medieval Europe
László Sándor Chardonnens
 Hemerology and Daybooks
 Hemerology and the Study of Time
 Divination, Commemoration, and Natural Philosophy
 Hemerological Practices
11 Babylonian Hemerologies and Menologies 408
Alasdair Livingstone
 Research Background
 The Babylonian Cultic Calendar
 The Hemerologies
 Use of the Hemerologies
 Retrospect: A Scientific Experiment in Hemerology


Appendix A: Survey of Excavated Daybooks, Daybook-Related Manuscripts, and Other Hemerological Material

Appendix B: Summary of Published Daybooks and Daybook-Related Manuscripts

Appendix C: Description of Select Hemerologies and Classificatory Systems in Daybooks


Sunday, June 25, 2017

春秋戦国時代: 燕国の考古学

Author :
石川 岳彦 (ISHIKAWA Takehiko)

Publication Date:
May 2017




Table of Contents:

序 宮本 一夫
序 章 
第Ⅰ部 春秋戦国時代の燕文化の編年と特質
 第1章 燕国青銅器の編年
 第2章 燕国の日用土器の編年
 第3章 燕国副葬土器の編年
 第4章 明刀銭の年代の再検討
 第5章 燕国における鉄器の出現と普及
 第6章 燕文化の独自性をめぐって
第Ⅱ部 燕国の遼寧地域への拡大をめぐって
 第7章 遼西における燕国の進出の年代とその様相
 第8章 遼東における燕国の進出の年代とその様相
終 章

Thursday, June 22, 2017

Buddhist Stone Sutras in China: Shandong Province 3: With an essay by Zheng Yan (中國佛教石經:山東省:第三卷)

Suey-Ling, Tsai 蔡穗玲
Yongbo, Wang 王永波


Publication date:
1 June 2017


The third volume of the five-volume series on Buddhist stone sutras in Shandong presents inscriptions on all mountains in Shandong other than those near Lake Dongping 東平湖 (volume 1) and the city of Zoucheng 鄒城 (volume 2), with the exception of Taishan 泰山 (to be covered in volume 4). 

The northernmost entry in this volume is a lost inscription (ca. 526) once situated among the sculptures at Yellow Stone Cliff 黄石崖, south of Jinan 濟南. Zheng Yan 鄭岩 analyzes the art historical significance of this site. Inscriptions under the open sky occur elsewhere at Mount Culai 徂徕 (dated 570), Mount Fenghuang 鳳凰山 (ca. 563 and 921), Mount Shuiniu 水牛山 (ca. 560), Mount Tao 陶山 (second half, 6th c.), and Mount Long 龍山 (second half, 6th c.), this last site discovered only in 2008. Lost inscriptions on Mounts Jian 尖山 (dated 575), Yang 陽山 (second half, 6th c.), and Ziyang (second half, 6th c.; here identified for the first time) have been reconstructed based on extant rubbings, epigraphic literature, and archaeological evidence. While “Perfection of Wisdom” now emerges as the key doctrinal concept in the Shandong mountains, the names of Buddhas, of which “Buddha King of Great Emptiness” is especially conspicuous, engender visions of cosmic time and space.

All engravings are fully documented with photographs and rubbings; they are transcribed, translated into English, and analyzed. This research has been conducted under the auspices of the Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften by an international team led by Lothar Ledderose and supported by the cultural authorities in China. The volumes, bilingual in Chinese and English, address a wide audience.

Saturday, June 17, 2017

雲岡石窟の考古学: 遊牧国家の巨石仏をさぐる

岡村秀典 (OKAMURA, Hidenori)


Publication Date:
June 2017



Table of Contents:


第一章 雲岡石窟をめぐる歴史
 第一節 石窟前史
 第二節 文献にみえる北魏の石窟寺
 第三節 碑文にみえる復興事業
 第四節 発見と調査
第二章 雲岡石窟は如何にして造られたのか
 第一節 石窟の源流をたどる
 第二節 従来の年代観と新しい編年案
 第三節 未曾有の大工事
第三章 大仏窟の成立
 第一節 巨石仏の造像――前1期
 第二節 未完の大仏窟――前2期
 第三節 中央丘陵に広がる大仏窟――前3期
 第四節 雲岡前期の彫像
 第五節 大仏と皇帝
第四章 仏殿窟の成立
 第一節 双窟の出現――中1期
 第二節 馮太后の顕彰事業
 第三節 民間の造像――太和七年龕
第五章 中国式木造建築をかたどった石窟
 第一節 仏殿窟の完成――中2期
 第二節 双窟と「二聖」
 第三節 変容する仏殿窟――中3期
 第四節 塔廟窟と漢式服制の成立
第六章 雲岡石窟その後
 第一節 洛陽遷都後の中小窟――雲岡後期
 第二節 隋唐時代の仏三尊像
 第三節 遼金時代における石窟寺の復興


Monday, June 12, 2017

Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays

Fu Xinian

Nancy S. Steinhardt

Alexandra Harrer

Publication date:
6 June 2017

Princeton University Press


Fu Xinian is considered by many to be the world's leading historian of Chinese architecture. He is an expert on every type of Chinese architecture from every period through the nineteenth century, and his work is at the cutting edge of the field. Traditional Chinese Architecture gathers together, for the first time in English, twelve seminal essays by Fu Xinian. This wide-ranging book pays special attention to the technical aspects of the building tradition since the first millennium BC, and Fu Xinian's signature drawings abundantly illustrate its nuances.

The essays delve into the modular basis for individual structures, complexes, and cities; lateral and longitudinal building frames; the unity of sculpture and building to create viewing angles; the influence of Chinese construction on Japanese architecture; and the reliability of images to inform us about architecture. Organized chronologically, the book also examines such topics as the representation of architecture on vessels in the Warring States period, early Buddhist architecture, and the evolution of imperial architecture from the Tang to Ming dynasty. A biography of Fu Xinian and a detailed Chinese-English glossary are included.

Table of Contents:

Biography of Fu Xinian 傅熹年 xxv

1 Representations of Architecture on Vessels of the Warring States Period 1

2 Reconstruction of Northern Dynasties Buildings Based on Relief Sculpture and Murals in Cave-Temples at Maijishan 31

3 Early Buddhist Architecture in China 79

4 The Development of Timber-Frame Architecture during the Two Jins and the Northern and Southern Dynasties 97

5 Architectural Features of the Northern and Southern Dynasties and the Sui and Tang Periods in China as Reflected in Japanese Architecture of the Asuka and Nara Periods 140

6 Hanyuan Hall at Daminggong in Tang Chang'an 167

7 The Module in Tang Architecture 209

8 Imperial Architecture of Tang through Ming and Its Relation to Other Architecture 226

9 The Problem of Pillar Displacement with Respect to the Characteristics of Song Construction 253

10 Song Architecture in South China and Its Relation to Japanese Great Buddha-Style Architecture of the Kamakura Period 273

11 Northern Song Architecture in the Painting A Thousand Li of Rivers and Mountains by Wang Ximeng 296

12 Typical Design Features of Ming Palaces and Altars in Beijing 315

Saturday, June 10, 2017

[Dissertation] Writing as Weaving: Intertextuality and the Huainanzi’s Self-Fashioning as an Embodiment of the Way

Tobias Benedikt Zürn

University of Wisconsin-Madison


Mark Meulenbeld; Mark Csikszentmihalyi


In her seminal essay “Against Interpretation” from 1964, Susan Sontag (1933-2004) tackled the dominant position of interpretation as the default mode of engagements with cultural objects. Since she sounded the call to defy the common hermeneutic strategy of emphasizing content over form more than fifty years ago, the phenomenon of privileging the production and deduction of meaning over the immediate presence of cultural objects persists in the Humanities. In my specific case, scholars in the field of Early China still read scriptures predominantly within an assumed philosophical context displaying a reductionist approach to writings that precludes from the outset the possibility of any non-discursive function(s) for texts. In other words, their interpretations rarely consider textual artifacts to be agents within contexts such as ritual or gift exchanges. My dissertation, titled “Writing as Weaving: Intertextuality and the Huainanzi’s Self-Fashioning as an Embodiment of the Way,” addresses this issue from the vantage point of the Huainanzi 淮南子, a highly constructed and intertextual scripture from the second century BCE that scholars have traditionally read in philosophical terms. Contrary to its current interpretation as an encyclopedic collection of philosophical treatises, the dissertation shows that the Huainanzi, which Liu An 劉安 (ca. 179-122 BCE, r. 164-122 BCE), the king of Huainan 淮南, presumably presented in 139 BCE at his inaugural visit to his nephew Emperor Wu 漢武帝 (born Liu Che 劉徹; 156-87 BCE, r. 141-87 BCE), had been fashioned as a powerful manifestation of the Way (dao 道). 

In the first part of the dissertation, I demonstrate that the Huainanzi employs at least the three images of a tree’s root (ben 本), a chariot wheel’s hub (gu 轂) or axle (zhu 軸), and a weaving (jingwei 經緯) or knotting (jigang 紀綱) texture that are commonly associated with the cosmos and the power (de 德) of the Dao to create a homology between the Liu clan’s scripture (Liushi zhi zhu 劉氏之書), the sage, and the Way. Hence, I propose that the Huainanzi had been fashioned in image (xiang 象) of the force that underlies the organization of the universe. In the second part of the dissertation, I showcase through the example of weaving that the Huainanzi is not merely depicted in homological terms with the Way. Based on a perceived correlation of the practices of writing and weaving during the Han dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE), I suggest that the Huainanzi in fact mimics and implements the cosmic process of weaving in its design and intertextual writing practice. By inserting and connecting various traces (ji 跡) of the words (yan 言) and deeds (shi 事) of pre-Han writers and kings in its texture, Liu An and his workshop apparently fashioned the Liu clan’s scripture both as being in image and as an embodiment of the Way (tidao 體道)—of the very force that connects and weaves together the celestial patterns (tianwen 天文) and terrestrial forms (dixing 地形) into a cosmic texture. Consequently, I speculate in my conclusion that Liu An and his workshop might have created the Liu clan’s scripture in image and as an embodiment of the Way in order to produce an wuwei-performing textual artifact that fulfills a similar role as the sage. By belonging to the Dao’s universal image or appearance category (xiang zhi lei 像之類 or xinglei 形類), the Huainanzi like the sage would create resonating correspondences (ganying 感應) with all the Myriad Beings (wan wu 萬物) and therefore would be able to impact and organize the entire world. Accordingly, my dissertation claims that we should further explore the possibility of non-discursive functions for Liu An’s miscellaneous and highly intertextual texture and potentially many other early Chinese texts. In fact, we should renegotiate the Huainanzi’s current and almost naturally assumed categorization as a “mere” encyclopedia and/or miscellaneous collection of philosophical treatises that educates about rather than actualizes or effects sagely rulership and cosmic order.

Thursday, June 8, 2017

アジア仏教美術論集 東アジア—(後漢・三国・南北朝)

濱田 瑞美 (HAMADA Tamami)


Publication Date:
May 2017



Table of Contents:

総論 後漢から南北朝期の仏教美術―仏教の受容と仏像のかたち/濱田瑞美

1 仏教受容早期の仏教美術


2 南北朝前期の仏教美術


3 南北朝後期の仏教美術


4 仏教美術の周辺


Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Military Thought in Early China

Christopher C. Rand

Publication Date:
June 2017



This study of the philosophy of war in early China examines the recurring debate, from antiquity through the Western Han period (202 BCE–8 CE), about how to achieve a proper balance between martial (wu 武) force and civil (wen 文) governance in the pursuit of a peaceful state. Rather than focusing solely on Sunzi’s Art of War and other military treatises from the Warring States era (ca. 475–221 BCE), Christopher C. Rand analyzes the evolution of this debate by examining a broad corpus of early Han and  pre-Han texts, including works uncovered in archeological excavations during recent decades. What emerges is a framework for understanding early China’s military philosophy as an ongoing negotiation between three major alternatives: militarism, compartmentalism, and syncretism. Military Thought in Early China offers a look into China’s historical experience with a perennial issue that is not only of continuing relevance to modern-day China but also pertinent to other world states seeking to sustain strong and harmonious societies.

Table of Contents:


1. The Emergence of the Wen/Wu Problem

The Achievement of Balance
The Western Zhou Solution
Evolution in Chunqiu Times
New Solutions in the Zhanguo 戰國 Era

2. The Metaphysics of Generalship

The General as Sage
Psychical Power
Metaphysical Dynamics
The Ultimate Battle

Thursday, June 1, 2017

中國史學 (Chūgoku shigaku) vol. 26

中國史學會 (Tōkyō-to Hachiōji-shi : Chūgoku Shigakkai)


Publication Date:
October, 2016

Table of Contents:

Emotions and Rumors(Mark Edward Lewis)