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Friday, September 29, 2017

簡牘が描く中国古代の政治と社会

Editors:
藤田勝久(Fujita Katsuhisa )・關尾史郎 (Sekio Shirō )

Publisher:
汲古書院

Publication Date:
September, 2017




Table of Contents:

はしがき 藤田勝久

中国古代の情報システムと社会――簡牘から紙・木簡の選択―― 
藤田勝久

王位の継承から見た周の東遷――清華簡『繫年』を手がかりとして―― 
水野 卓

商鞅県制の推進と秦における県・郷関係の確立
――出土史料と伝世文献による再検討――
孫 聞 博(吉田章人・關尾史郎訳)

青川郝家坪秦墓木牘補論
廣瀬薫雄

秦統一後の法令「書同文字」と古代社会における「吏学」について
  ――里耶秦簡の公文書を中心として――
蔣 非 非(畑野吉則訳)

秦簡に見える私的書信の考察――漢簡私信との比較――
呂 静・白 晨(塩沢阿美・畑野吉則訳)

漢代辺郡の文書逓伝と管理方式
畑野吉則

湖南長沙走馬楼三国呉簡の性格についての新解釈
侯 旭 東(永木敦子訳)

走馬楼呉簡に見える郷の行政
于 振 波(關尾史郎訳)

漢晋期における士伍の身分及びその変化――出土簡牘資料を中心として――
蘇 俊 林

出土史料からみた魏晋・「五胡」時代の教
關尾史郎

出土史料のテキストならびに略号一覧    
あとがき(關尾史郎)

Thursday, September 28, 2017

A Concise Companion to Confucius

Editor:
Paul R. Goldin

Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

Publication Date:
Aug, 2017




Abstract:

A Concise Companion to Confucius offers a succinct introduction to one of East Asia’s most widely-revered historical figures, providing essential coverage of his legacy at a manageable length. The volume embraces Confucius as philosopher, teacher, politician, and sage, and curates a collection of key perspectives on his life and teachings from a team of distinguished scholars in philosophy, history, religious studies, and the history of art. Taken together, chapters encourage specialists to read across disciplinary boundaries, provide nuanced paths of introduction for students, and engage interested readers who want to expand their understanding of the great Chinese master.

Divided into four distinct sections, the Concise Companion depicts a coherent figure of Confucius by examining his diverse representations from antiquity through to the modern world. Readers are guided through the intellectual and cultural influences that helped shape the development of Confucian philosophy and its reception among late imperial literati in medieval China. Later essays consider Confucius’s engagement with topics such as warfare, women, and Western philosophy, which remain fruitful avenues of philosophical inquiry today. The collection concludes by exploring the significance of Confucian thought in East Asia’s contemporary landscape and the major intellectual movements which are reviving and rethinking his work for the twenty-first century.

An indispensable resource, A Concise Companion to Confucius blazes an authoritative trail through centuries of scholarship to offer exceptional insight into one of history’s earliest and most influential ancient philosophers.

Table of Contents:

Notes on Contributors vii

Introduction: Confucius and Confucianism 1
Paul R. Goldin

Part I Representations of Confucius 13

1 Early Sources for Confucius 15
Michael Hunter

2 Confucius in Excavated Warring States Manuscripts 35
Scott Cook

3 The Unorthodox Master: The Serious and the Playful in Depictions of Confucius 52
Oliver Weingarten

4 Representations of Confucius in Apocrypha of the First Century CE 75
Zhao Lu

5 Visual Representations of Confucius 93
Julia K. Murray

Part II Confucian Ideas 131

6 Le in the Analects 133
Kwong-loi Shun

7 Women in the Analects 148
Anne Behnke Kinney

8 Confucius’ Elitism: The Concepts of junzi and xiaoren Revisited 164
Yuri Pines

9 Confucius and Filial Piety 185
Thomas Radice

10 The Gentleman’s Views on Warfare according to the Gongyang Commentary 208
Sarah A. Queen

11 Comparisons with Western Philosophy 229
Erin M. Cline

Part III The Legacy of Confucius in Imperial China 247

12 From Uncrowned King to the Sage of Profound Greatness: Confucius and the Analects in Early Medieval China 249
Alan K. L. Chan

13 The Reception of The Classic of Filial Piety from Medieval to Late Imperial China 268
Miaw-fen Lu 呂妙芬

14 Kongzi as the Uncrowned King in some Qing Gongyang Exegeses 286
On-cho Ng

Part IV Confucius and New Confucianisms in Modern East Asia 305

15 Confucianism, Capitalism, and Shibusawa Eiichi’s The Analects and the Abacus 307
John A. Tucker

16 Confucius in the May Fourth Era 330
Q. Edward Wang

17 New Confucianism 352
Yong Huang

Index 375

The Vulnerability of Integrity in Early Confucian Thought

Author:
Michael Ing

Publication Date:
2017

Publisher:
Oxford





Abstract:

The Vulnerability of Integrity in Early Confucian Thought is about the necessity and value of vulnerability in human experience. In this book, Michael Ing brings early Chinese texts into dialogue with questions about the ways in which meaningful things are vulnerable to powers beyond our control, and more specifically how relationships with meaningful others might compel tragic actions.

Vulnerability is often understood as an undesirable state; invulnerability is usually preferred. While recognizing the need to reduce vulnerability in some situations, The Vulnerability of Integrity demonstrates that vulnerability is pervasive in human experience, and enables values such as morality, trust, and maturity. Vulnerability is also the source of the need for care for oneself and for others. The possibility of tragic loss fosters compassion for others as we strive to care for each other.

This book demonstrates the plurality of Confucian thought on this topic. The first two chapters describe traditional and contemporary arguments for the invulnerability of integrity in early Confucian thought. The remainder of the book focuses on neglected voices in the tradition, which argue that our concern for others can and should lead to us compromise our own integrity. In such cases, we are compelled to do something transgressive for the sake of others, and our integrity is jeopardized in the transgressive act.

Table of Contents:

Acknowledgements
Conventions
Introduction
1. The Invulnerability of Integrity: Early Texts and Commentators
2. The Invulnerability of Integrity: Contemporary Scholarship
3. The Sorrow of Regret
4. Regret, Resentment, and Transgression
5. Irresolvable Value Conflicts in a Conflictual World
6. The Conflictual World of the Sages
7. The Vulnerability of Integrity
Conclusion: The Value of Vulnerability
Bibliography

Sunday, September 24, 2017

Place and Political Culture in ancient Greece, Rome, and China

Time:
October 25-27

Venue:
McGill University and The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts

Introduction:
The second workshop in the series is dedicated to the cluster of Places. Contributions will be grouped in four thematic rubrics: places of power, including the comparative analysis of palatial centres and monumental expressions of state authority; places of public, everyday interaction, with a discursive analysis of concepts of public and publicity; the ontology of place and the impact of the local; and places of memory.

Program:

Wednesday, October 25
Le Salon, Desmarais Building
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts

17:00 Public Keynote Address

Anthony Barbieri-Low, UC Santa Barbara
Imagining the Tomb of the First Emperor of China

Thursday, October 26
Thomson House, Ball Room, McGill University

9:30-9:45 Opening Remarks

Panel 1

9:45-10:30 Hans Beck, McGill University
Space and Place in Ancient Greece, Rome and China

10:30-11:00 Coffee Break

11:00-11:45 Amy Russell, Durham University
Concepts of Space across Time and Place: Rome and China Between Early Theories of Space and Modern Research

11:45-12:30 Luke Habberstad, University of Oregon
Local Administration and the Rise of Geography in the Roman and Han Empires

12:30-14:00 Lunch Break

14:00-14:45 Ryan Abrecht, UC San Diego
Neighborhood Life in Imperial Rome and Han Chang’an

14:45-15:30 Wentian Fu, McGill University
Imperial Gardens of Roman and Qin-Han Empires: A Comparative Study

15:30-15:45 Coffee Break

15:45-16:30 Griet Vankeerberghen, McGill University
Access and Political Culture in Rome and Western Han Chang’an

Friday, October 27
Thomson House, Ball Room, McGill University

Panel 3

9:15-10:00 Martin Mohr, Universität Zürich
Society, Territoriality and the Significance of (Sacred) Roads in Archaic Greece and in Early Imperial China

10:00-10:45 Wen-Yi Huang, McGill University
The Landscape of Empire: Roads in Early China and Ancient Rome

10:45-11:15 Coffee Break

11:15-12:00 Darian Totten, McGill University
Landscapes of Production, Production of Meaning: Salt and Local Places in Imperial Rome and China

12:00-13:30 Lunch Break

Panel 4

13:30-14:15 Alex McAuley, Cardiff University
Imitating the Emperor? The Cities of Client Kings in the Hellenistic East and the Western Regions of the Han Realm

14:15-15:00 Charles Sanft, University of Tennessee
Traces of Frontiers: Han and Roman Hinterlands

15:00-15:15 Coffee Break

15:15-16:00 Poo Mu-chou, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
The Netherworld as a Place of Hope and Reconciliation

16:00 Concluding remarks
Carlos Noreña, UC Berkeley and Robin Yates, McGill

Friday, September 22, 2017

[Dissertation] Presence and Praise: Writing the Imperial Body in Han China

Author:
Sharon Sanderovitch

Defended:
2017

School:
UC Berkeley

Advisor:
Mark Csikszentmihalyi

Abstract: 

The ruler’s body in early Chinese literature—whether silent and tranquil or bearing the scars of restless public toil; whether emanating light from the depths of the palatial chambers or displaying charisma while traversing the empire—has served as an idiom for the articulation of competing ideals of rulership, governance, and bureaucratization. This work takes the idiom of the ruler’s body and the language of imperial representation as the primary object of scrutiny. It analyzes prevalent rhetorical and literary patterns in light of observations gained in the cross-cultural study of the royal body, metaphor in political discourse, and theories of representation. In particular, I am interested in the way top-down representation, of the ruler by his officials, was conceptualized and advocated in bodily terms, giving rise to some of the most common figures in early Chinese literature. This attention to the work of language in the political discourse of the early imperial period reveals some of the unique features of Chinese theories of monarchy, and brings to light paradigms that structure the literary representation of rulers and rulership across seemingly incompatible genres.

The main texts that drive the inquiry in the three core chapters date from two middle points in the long span of the Han dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE): the reign of Emperor Cheng 成帝 (r. 33 – 7 BCE) in the late Western Han, and the reign of Emperor Zhang 章帝 (r. 75 – 88) in the early Eastern Han. The first chapter takes Liu Xiang’s 劉向 (79 – 8 BCE) Shui yuan 說苑 as the gate to an ongoing intertextual discourse of rulership and bureaucratization, looking in particular at metaphors that take the ruler’s body as the source domain. I show, in the second chapter, that some of the conceptual paradigms that structure such figurative constructions in the discourse of authority and delegation underlie literary strategies that support the goals of the ruler’s encomiasts. At the center of analysis in this chapter is Cui Yin’s 崔駰 (d. 92) “Four Panegyrics for the Imperial Tours” 四巡頌—a text that fell under the radar of most early-China scholars, East and West, due to a long interruption in its transmission. In the third chapter, focusing on the summaries and evaluations Ban Gu 班固 (32 – 92) had appended to the imperial chronicles of the Hanshu 漢書 (History of the Han), I argue that awareness to the poetics of praise is instrumental to the study not only of the rhetorical construction of the ruler’s body but also the language of imperial historiography.

This work thus examines the relation between metaphor and politics, body and representation, and history and praise so as to highlight features of the early Chinese discourse of rulership that will have hermeneutical and analytical value for scholars of Chinese literature, political thought, and theories of monarchy across cultures.

Table of Contents:

Introduction: Body, Metaphor, and Representation

Chapter 1: Metaphors of the Body Natural—Reading Liu Xiang’s “Way of the Ruler”

Chapter 2: The Poetics of Praise—Cui Yin’s “Four Panegyrics for the Imperial Tours”

Chapter 3: Praise and Paratext—Ban Gu’s History of the Han

Bibliography


[Dissertation] Changing Along with the World: Adaptive Agency in Early China

Author:
Mercedes Valmisa

Adviser:
Willard Peterson

School:
Princeton University

Defended:
2016

Abstract:

One of the major philosophical problems in Early China was the relationship between the person and the world, and in particular, how to act in relation to the world. This dissertation addresses the problem of agency in Early China, and pursues three main guiding questions: how to act efficaciously in different situations, how to cope with uncertainty and unpredictability in ordinary life, and how to achieve control and freedom.

I offer a critical and systematic analysis of an extraordinary model of successful action that I call “adaptive agency” or “adaptation” (yin 因). As opposed to other models of action attested in early texts, such as the prescriptive and the forceful, the adaptive agent necessitates great capacity of situational awareness, reflection, flexibility, and creativity in order to produce responses ad hoc: strategies of action designed for specific, non-permanent, and non-generalizable life problems. This model for choosing an action as an adjusted response to a specific situation guarantees the agent a higher success rate in his actions, let these be in political, military, professional, medical, religious, ethical or ordinary life contexts.

This dissertation is both born from a new methodological orientation and a contribution toward establishing it, by means of exemplifying how we can build meaningful critical theories in Early Chinese philosophy and intellectual history without using the obsolete hermeneutical categories of school of thought, book and author. I trace tensions and similarities in the Early Chinese approach to the problem of agency cross-textually, using a large range of textual materials and research methods. The philosophical proposal of adaptive agency is particularly suitable to this kind of methodological project, for it consistently appears across a wide variety of texts, authors, and intellectual orientations throughout the Early Chinese period, and therefore could not be studied by using the traditional hermeneutical categories.

Tuesday, September 19, 2017

周縁領域からみた秦漢帝国

Editor:
髙村武幸 (TAKAMURA Takeyuki)

Publisher:
六一書房

Publication Date:
September, 2017



Table of Contents:

前 言

第1 部 秦の周縁領域

渡邉 英幸 「戦国秦の国境を越えた人びと ─岳麓秦簡『為獄等状』の「邦亡」と「帰義」を中心に─」

目黒 杏子 「秦代県下の「廟」─里耶秦簡と岳麓書院蔵秦簡「秦律令」にみえる諸廟の考察─」

第2 部 漢代西北部周縁領域の考察

廣瀬 薫雄 「漢代酒泉郡表是県城遺跡を探して ─草溝井城調査記─」

青木 俊介 「漢代肩水地区A32 所在機関とその業務関係 ─肩水金関と肩水東部を中心に─」

髙村 武幸 「前漢後半期以降の河西地域に対する物資供給 ─漢代辺郡の存在意義を考える手がかりとして─」

第3 部 周縁の地域社会とその構成員

鈴木 直美 「漢代フロンティア形成者のプロフィール ─居延漢簡・肩水金関漢簡にみる卒の年齢に着目して─」

飯田 祥子 「公孫述政権の興亡 ─両漢交替期地域政権の一事例─」

鷲尾 祐子 「終の棲家 ─女性の帰属に関する試論─」

後 記


Friday, September 15, 2017

Acta Asiatica: Bulletin of the Institute of Eastern Culture No. 113: Computational Arts (Shu-shu) and Intellectual Thought in Traditional Chinese Society

Publication Date:
Aug. 2017

Publisher:
Tokyo: Tōhō Gakkai

Table of Contents:

IKEDA Tomohisa (池田知久): Introduction

LI Ling (李零): The Revolution in Shu-shu: From Divination Using Tortoiseshells and Yarrow Stalks to Shih Methods and Selection

KUDŌ Motoo (工藤元男): Local Government Officials and Shu-shu: A View from Daybooks (Jih-shu)

TAKEDA Tokimasa (武田時昌): The Six Incurables and Four Difficulties: An Examination of the Paradigms of Chinese Medicine from the Perspective of Shu-shu Studies

KAWAHARA Hideki (川原秀城): A Third Thesis concerning Shu-shu: Is Neo-Confucianism the Study of Shu-shu?

MINAKUCHI Takuju (水口拓寿): Perceptions of “Water Quality” in Early-Ch‘ing Feng-shui Texts: An Inquiry into Shen Hao’s Ti-hsüeh


Thursday, September 14, 2017

墓誌を用いた北魏史研究

Author:
窪添 慶文 (KUBOZOE Yoshifumi)

Publisher:
汲古書院

Publication Date:
September, 2017



Table of Contents:

序・凡 例 付 北魏王朝系図 

第Ⅰ部 北魏墓誌の位置
第1章 墓誌の起源とその定型化       
第2章 遷都後の北魏墓誌に関する補考
第3章 北魏墓誌中の銘辞

第Ⅱ部 墓誌を用いた北魏官僚制研究
第1章 正史と墓誌の官職記載の比較――北魏墓誌の官歴記載を中心に――
第2章 北魏後期における将軍号       
第3章 北魏後期の官僚の遷転
第4章 北魏後期における品と階       
第5章 北魏後期の門閥制――起家官と姓族分定――
第5章補論 北魏後期の門閥制に関わる覚書

第Ⅲ部 石刻資料を用いた北魏史研究
第1章 北魏服属諸族覚書          
第2章 文成帝期の胡族と内朝官
第3章 北魏における滎陽鄭氏        
第4章 長楽馮氏に関する諸問題
第5章 北魏における弘農楊氏
あとがき/索 引

Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Saturday, September 9, 2017

Astral Science in Early China: Observation, Sagehood and Society

Author:
Daniel Morgan

Publisher:
Cambridge University Press

Publication Date:
August, 2017





Abstract:

Challenging monolithic modern narratives about 'Chinese science', Daniel Patrick Morgan examines the astral sciences in China c.221 BCE–750 CE as a study in the disunities of scientific cultures and the narratives by which ancients and moderns alike have fought to instil them with a sense of unity. The book focuses on four unifying 'legends' recounted by contemporary subjects: the first two, redolent of antiquity, are the 'observing of signs' and 'granting of seasons' by ancient sage kings; and the other two, redolent of modernity, involve the pursuit of 'accuracy' and historical 'accumulation' to this end. Juxtaposing legend with the messy realities of practice, Morgan reveals how such narratives were told, imagined, and re-imagined in response to evolving tensions. He argues that, whether or not 'empiricism' and 'progress' are real, we must consider the real effects of such narratives as believed in and acted upon in the history of astronomy in China.

Table of Contents:
Introduction
Conventions
1. The world below
2. Observing the signs
3. Granting the seasons
4. Reverent accordance with prodigious heaven
5. What the ancients had yet to learn
6. Conclusion

Sunday, September 3, 2017

Gyeongju, The Capital of Golden Silla

(Thanks Dr. Nelson for sharing this information)

Author:
Sarah M. Nelson

Publication Date:
March, 2017

Publisher:
Routledge




Abstract:

Gyeongju, the capital of the Kingdom of Silla, grew from a loose confederation of villages, called Saro, to become the capital of most of the Korean peninsula. Its relationships with Japan, the Eurasian Steppes, and countries along the Silk Road leading to Europe helped to make the city one of the most prosperous and significant in ancient East Asia. In this seminal new volume, Sarah Milledge Nelson draws on over 30 years’ experience to offer the first complete history of this fascinating city. Gyeongju explores culture, class and rank, industry, international relations, rulers, and socio-cultural issues such as gender, and examines in detail the complex systems of class and rank, Gyeongju’s position as the royal seat of Silla, and the influence and legacy of the ancient city.

Table of Contents:

Preface and Acknowledgments

1. The Ancient City of Gyeongju

2. Saro/Silla and the Historic Record

3. Gyeongju Archaeology

4. Production: Ceramics, Bronze, Iron, and Gold

5. Silk Roads and Trade Routes

6. Ranking and Sumptuary Rules

7. Rulership in Silla

8. Religions in Gyeongju

9. Gyeongju and Japan

10. Gyeongju in East Asian Perspective: A Summary and Critique

Bibliography

Index